Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP

Madrid, Spain

Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP

Madrid, Spain
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Vargas-Quesada B.,University of Granada | Chinchilla-Rodriguez Z.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Zulueta M.A.,University of Alcalá
Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives | Year: 2012

Purpose: Research with stem cells is a biomedical venture with great scientific impact, and whose development flows over into many other areas. This article aims to present a dual analysis of Spain's scientific output in this field during the period 1997-2007. Design/methodology/approach: The authors used bibliometric indicators of a basic nature as well as techniques for the visualization and analysis of networks of scientific information based on a study of KeyWords Plus. Findings: The output is mainly concentrated in Cataluña and Madrid, and hospitals are the most productive centres (followed by health institutes), where the main authors are affiliated. Main categories are hematology, oncology and biophysics. The outstanding areas of study revolve around the therapeutic use of transplant of hematopoietic progenitors, the processes of generation, proliferation and differentiation of lines of cells, and the study of neurosciences. Originality/value: This study provides an overview of Spanish research involving stem cells, detecting and representing the main areas of research. The article considers the potential of KeyWords Plus in combination with the proposed methodology as particularly useful for the analysis and delimitation of a scientific domain. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Galvez C.,University of Granada | de Moya-Anegon F.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Journal of Documentation | Year: 2012

Purpose: Gene term variation is a shortcoming in text-mining applications based on biomedical literature-based knowledge discovery. The purpose of this paper is to propose a technique for normalizing gene names in biomedical literature. Design/methodology/approach: Under this proposal, the normalized forms can be characterized as a unique gene symbol, defined as the official symbol or normalized name. The unification method involves five stages: collection of the gene term, using the resources provided by the Entrez Gene database; encoding of gene-naming terms in a table or binary matrix; design of a parametrized finite-state graph (P-FSG); automatic generation of a dictionary; and matching based on dictionary look-up to transform the gene mentions into the corresponding unified form. Findings: The findings show that the approach yields a high percentage of recall. Precision is only moderately high, basically due to ambiguity problems between gene-naming terms and words and abbreviations in general English. Research limitations/implications: The major limitation of this study is that biomedical abstracts were analyzed instead of full-text documents. The number of under-normalization and over-normalization errors is reduced considerably by limiting the realm of application to biomedical abstracts in a well-defined domain. Practical implications: The system can be used for practical tasks in biomedical literature mining. Normalized gene terms can be used as input to literature-based gene clustering algorithms, for identifying hidden gene-to-disease, gene-to-gene and gene-to-literature relationships. Originality/value: Few systems for gene term variation handling have been developed to date. The technique described performs gene name normalization by dictionary look-up. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Mas-Bleda A.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Thelwall M.,University of Wolverhampton | Kousha K.,University of Wolverhampton | Aguillo I.F.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Journal of Documentation | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study aims to explore the link creating behaviour of European highly cited scientists based upon their online lists of publications and their institutional personal websites. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 1,525 highly cited scientists working at European institutions were first identified. Outlinks from their online lists of publications and their personal websites pointing to a pre-defined collection of popular academic websites and file types were then gathered by a personal web crawler. Findings: Perhaps surprisingly, a larger proportion of social scientists provided at least one outlink compared to the other disciplines investigated. By far the most linked-to file type was PDF and the most linked-to type of target website was scholarly databases, especially the Digital Object Identifier website. Health science and life science researchers mainly linked to scholarly databases, while scientists from engineering, hard sciences and social sciences linked to a wider range of target websites. Both book sites and social network sites were rarely linked to, especially the former. Hence, whilst successful researchers frequently use the Web to point to online copies of their articles, there are major disciplinary and other differences in how they do this. Originality/value: This is the first study to analyse the outlinking patterns of highly cited researchers' institutional web presences in order to identify which web resources they use to provide access to their publications. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Del Rio P.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Mir-Artigues P.,University of Lleida
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

This paper provides an overview of the trends of the Spanish solar PV feed-in tariff (FIT) and its design elements, identifies some implications for the effective and cost-efficient deployment of solar PV in Spain and infers some lessons which might be useful for the implementation of support for solar PV elsewhere. Our analysis is based on a throughout revision of the relevant legislation, official data on deployment and related expenditure, informal discussions with key stakeholders and written documents. Several key design elements within FITs that should be implemented and other elements that should be avoided in order to have an effective and cost-efficient promotion of solar PV are identified. All in all, the specific design elements to be included are clearly contingent upon the preferences and priorities of policymakers. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Mir-Artigues P.,University of Lleida | Del Rio P.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Energy Policy | Year: 2014

Policy combinations and interactions have received a considerable attention in the climate and energy policy realm. However, virtually no attention has been paid to the analysis of the combination of different deployment instruments for the same renewable energy technology. This neglect is all the more striking given the existence in current policy practice of combinations of deployment instruments either across technologies or for the same technology, both in the EU and elsewhere. What renewable electricity support policies to use and, therefore, how to combine them in order to promote the deployment of renewable energy technologies cost-effectively is a main concern of governments. The aim of this paper is to provide insight on the cost-effectiveness of combinations of deployment instruments for the same technology. A financial model is developed for this purpose, whereby feed-in tariffs (FITs) are combined with investment subsidies and soft loans. The results show that the policy costs of combinations are the same as for the FITs-only option. Therefore, combining deployment instruments is not a cost-containment strategy. However, combinations may lead to different inter-temporal distributions of the same amount of policy costs and, thus, differently affect the social acceptability and political feasibility of renewable energy support. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

del Rio P.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Labandeira X.,University of Vigo
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2014

Many economists propose the superiority of market-based instruments, and an increasing use of such measures in OECD countries has taken place. However, there has been (and still is) some reluctance by policymakers to use market-based instruments in climate policy. This article provides a theoretical framework to help explain this paradox. This framework combines standard environmental economics reasoning with two economic approaches: the institutional path dependence and the public choice perspectives, complemented with some insights from political science studies. Ex post empirical research using the Spanish case illustrates the accuracy and policy relevance of our approach. Analyzing the barriers to market-based measures in climate policy may allow us to draw lessons to facilitate the implementation of these instruments in the future. © 2009, Springer Japan.

Goven J.,University of Canterbury | Pavone V.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Science Technology and Human Values | Year: 2014

The bioeconomy is becoming increasingly prominent in policy and scholarly literature, but critical examination of the concept is lacking. We argue that the bioeconomy should be understood as a political project, not simply or primarily as a technoscientific or economic one. We use a conceptual framework derived from the work of Karl Polanyi to elucidate the politically performative nature of the bioeconomy through an analysis of an influential Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) initiative, The Bioeconomy to 2030. We argue that this initiative is a response to some of the most acute challenges facing the current neoliberal-capitalist accumulation regime, which seeks to protect and extend that regime, through both what it occludes and what it promotes. Rather than taking the bioeconomy as a description of some subset of economic activity, we regard it as a promissory construct that is meant to induce and facilitate some actions while deterring others; most explicitly, it is meant to bring about a particular set of political–institutional changes that will shape the parameters of possible future action. The bioeconomy concept highlights the potential dangers of failing to situate ethnographic examinations of horizontal micro-relations within a political–economic macro-context that enables and constrains. Scholarly work in science and technology studies and elsewhere that does not recognize the wider politics of the bioeconomy risks unintentionally contributing to the legitimation of this political project. © The Author(s) 2014

Huntsinger L.,University of California at Berkeley | Oviedo J.L.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Ecology and Society | Year: 2014

When attempting to value ecosystem services and support their production, two critical aspects may be neglected. The term "ecosystem services" implies that they are a function of natural processes; yet, human interaction with the environment may be key to the production of many. This can contribute to a misconception that ecosystem service production depends on, or is enhanced by, the coercion or removal of human industry. Second, in programs designed to encourage ecosystem service production and maintenance, too often the inter-relationship of such services with social and ecological processes and drivers at multiple scales is ignored. Thinking of such services as "social-ecological services" can reinforce the importance of human culture, perspectives, and economies to the production of ecosystem services. Using a social-ecological systems perspective, we explore the integral role of human activity and decisions at pasture, ranch, and landscape scales. Just as it does for understanding ecosystems, a hierarchical, multiscaled framework facilitates exploring the complexity of social-ecological systems as producers of ecosystem services, to develop approaches for the conservation of such services. Using California's Mediterranean rangelands as a study area, we suggest that using a multiscaled approach that considers the importance of the differing drivers and processes at each scale and the interactions among scales, and that incorporates social-ecological systems concepts, may help avoid mistakes caused by narrow assumptions about "natural" systems, and a lack of understanding of the need for integrated, multiscaled conservation programs. © 2014 by the author(s).

Mas-Bleda A.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Aguillo I.F.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP
Scientometrics | Year: 2013

The web is not only the main scholarly communication tool but also an important source of additional information about the individual researchers, their scientific and academic activities and their formally and informally published results. The aim of this study is to investigate whether successful scientists use their personal websites to disseminate their work and career details and to know which specific contents are provided on those sites, in order to check if they could be used in research evaluation. The presence of the highly cited researchers working at European institutions were analysed, a group clearly biased towards senior male researchers working in large countries (United Kingdom and Germany). Results show that about two thirds of them have a personal website, specially the scientists from Denmark, Israel and the United Kingdom. The most frequent disciplines in those websites are economics, mathematics, computer sciences and space sciences, which probably reflect the success of open access subject repositories like RepEc, Arxiv or CiteSeerX. Other pieces of information analysed from the websites include personal and contact data, past experience and description of expertise, current activities and lists of the author's scientific papers. Indicators derived from most of these items can be used for developing a portfolio with evaluation purposes, but the overall availability of them in the population analysed is not representative enough by now for achieving that objective. Reasons for that insufficient coverage and suggestions for improvement are discussed. © 2013 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

Solino M.,National Institute for Agriculture and Food Research and Technology INIA | Farizo B.A.,Institute of Public Goods and Policies IPP | Vazquez M.X.,University of Vigo | Prada A.,University of Vigo
Energy Policy | Year: 2012

This paper presents a choice experiment analyzing the consumers' preferences towards a policy for replacing conventional electricity with electricity generated from forest biomass. The results show that consumers specially prefer the effects related to the lower risk of forest fires and to the decrease in pressure on non-renewable resources. The article also presents a methodological test in relation to the payment timeframe and its effect on marginal willingness to pay and consistency of responses using choice experiments. The most frequent and realistic payments are associated with lower presence of inconsistent responses. Finally, we cannot reject the null hypothesis of no effects of payment timeframe on marginal willingness to pay. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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