Institute of Population Health science

Miaoli, Taiwan

Institute of Population Health science

Miaoli, Taiwan
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Chen C.-J.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital | Chen C.-J.,Chang Gung University | Wu F.-T.,Research and Diagnostic Center | Hsiung C.A.,Institute of Population Health science | And 8 more authors.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Nontyphoid Salmonella spp. have been among the most common pathogens of acute gastroenteritis in children in Taiwan. However, the principal sources of transmission remain poorly defined. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted from January 2009 to October 2010. Cases were children aged 2-60 months who were hospitalized at 3 medical centers in Taiwan because of diarrhea and found to have culture-proven nontyphoidal Salmonella infection. Controls were healthy children or children with acute diseases other than gastroenteritis and matched to cases by age, gender, study site and enrollment date. RESULTS: A total of 396 cases and 930 matched controls were included for analysis. Multivariate analysis using conditional logistic regression identified contact with household members having diarrhea (matched odds ratio [mOR], 17.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.82-36.34; P < 0.0001), consumption of instant powdered milk (mOR, 2.04; 95% CI: 1.05-3.94; P = 0.0344), visits to health-care facilities (mOR, 1.66; 95% CI: 1.12-2.48; P = 0.0126) and consumption of purchased groundwater (mOR, 1.50; 95% CI: 1.06-2.11; P = 0.0214) within 1 week preceding enrollment as independent factors associated with increased risk of salmonellosis. Hand washing before meals (P = 0.0311), breastfeeding (P = 0.0370), consumption of chicken (P = 0.0019) and consumption of food prepared by caregivers (P = 0.0011) were protective against Salmonella infection. CONCLUSIONS: The principal transmission routes of Salmonella infection in Taiwanese children are person-to-person, waterborne and environmental contacts. The possibility of powdered milk and groundwater contamination of Salmonella cannot be excluded and requires further investigation. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

PubMed | Red Cross, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Shandong Academy of Sciences, National Taiwan University Hospital and 50 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human molecular genetics | Year: 2016

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of lung cancer in Asian never-smoking women have previously identified six susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer risk. To further discover new susceptibility loci, we imputed data from four GWAS of Asian non-smoking female lung cancer (6877 cases and 6277 controls) using the 1000 Genomes Project (Phase 1 Release 3) data as the reference and genotyped additional samples (5878 cases and 7046 controls) for possible replication. In our meta-analysis, three new loci achieved genome-wide significance, marked by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7741164 at 6p21.1 (per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 1.17; P = 5.8 10(-13)), rs72658409 at 9p21.3 (per-allele OR = 0.77; P = 1.41 10(-10)) and rs11610143 at 12q13.13 (per-allele OR = 0.89; P = 4.96 10(-9)). These findings identified new genetic susceptibility alleles for lung cancer in never-smoking women in Asia and merit follow-up to understand their biological underpinnings.

Pan W.-H.,Institute of Population Health science | Pan W.-H.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Pan W.-H.,National Taiwan University | Chang Y.-P.,Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology | Year: 2012

Although nutrient deficiencies are thought to play roles in the development of depression, observational studies have yielded inconsistent results. This study aimed to investigate whether multiple marginal nutrient deficiencies are associated with symptoms of depression in community-dwelling older Taiwanese. Data from 1371 elderly adults recruited from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan was used in this study. Depressive symptom scores on depressed mood and emotions affecting daily life were derived from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). Hemoglobin, serum ferritin, plasma vitamins B6, B12, and folate concentration, and erythrocyte transketolase and glutathione reductase activation coefficients were measured. After adjusting for age, gender, cognitive function, physical activity, disease history, and medication in the multivariate analysis, anemia, and marginal B6 deficiency were significantly associated with the presence of depression symptoms, respectively. In addition, co-occurrence of vitamin B6 with low folate level and co-occurrence of anemia either with low vitamin B6 or with folate level were all associated with the depressive mood and with depressive emotions defined by SF-36 (odds ratios [OR] in the range of 2.32?7.13, all P values ?.05). The magnitude of the ORs is larger when the number of deficiencies increased. Elderly people with coexisting marginal deficiencies of nutrients involved in the S-adenosylmethionine and hemoglobin production were more likely to experience depressed mood and emotion that affect daily activity. Examining status of these nutrients is worthy of consideration for older adults with depressed symptoms. © The Author(s) 2012.

Huang P.-C.,National Health Research Institute | Tsai C.-H.,National Health Research Institute | Liang W.-Y.,National Health Research Institute | Li S.-S.,National Health Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Introduction: In 2011, the Taiwan FDA disclosed illegal di(2-ethylhexyl phthalate) (DEHP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) use in beverage and nutrition supplements. We aim to determine phthalate exposure and other relevant factors in a sample of the general Taiwanese population in order to evaluate actual phthalate exposure levels after this disclosure of DEHP use. Method: We selected subjects aged 7 years old and older in 2013 from the general Taiwanese population. First morning urine samples from each participant were collected to analyze 11 phthalate metabolites representing 7 parent phthalates using on-line liquid chromatography/ tandem mass spectrometry. An interview questionnaire was applied to obtain participant demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and other relevant factors. Results: The median levels of metabolites of DEHP, including mono-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP), mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP), mono-(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), mono-(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate (MECPP), DBP (DnBP and DiBP), including mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP) and mono-iso-butyl phthalate (MiBP), and monoethyl phthalate (MEP) in urine samples of 290 adults/ 97 minors (<18 years) were 7.9/ 6.1, 12.6/ 17.8, 22.0/ 25.8, 25.4/ 30.8, 18.1/ 23.6, 9.4/ 13.6 and 14.5/ 12.4 μg/g creatinine, respectively. Women (蠇18 years) were exposed to significantly higher levels of MEHHP (P=0.011), MECPP (P=0.01), MnBP (P=0.001) and MEP (P<0.001) than men (蠇18 years), whereas no gender difference was observed in minors. We found significant higher level of MEP (creatinine-unadjusted) in subject aged between 18 to 40 years old (P<0.001), especially for women. Exposure levels of MEOHP (P<0.001), MECPP (P=0.002) and MnBP (P=0.044) in minors were significantly higher than those of adults. High frequency usage of food preservation film and bags, and personal care products are potential sources of phthalates exposure in general Taiwanese. Conclusion: Our findings indicated that DEHP and DBP exposure in a sample of the general Taiwanese population varied by age and gender, possibly affected by different lifestyles, and continuing bio-monitoring surveillance is warranted. © 2015 Huang et al.

Chuang S.-Y.,Institute of Population Health science | Yu Y.,National Health Research Institute | Yu Y.,Zhejiang University | Huey-Herng Sheu W.,Taichung Veterans General Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2015

Background and Purpose-Limited studies have investigated the risk of cerebrovascular events associated with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in subjects at high risk. We examined the short-term (defined as 30-day period) effect of selective and nonselective NSAIDs use on the risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in patients with hypertension. Methods-We conducted a case-crossover study using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified 1653 hypertensive subjects with stroke (defined as International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-CM-codes: 433.x, 434.x, and 436.x for ischemic stroke; 430 and 431 for hemorrhagic stroke) in 2010. We investigated the transient effect of NSAIDs use on stroke using conditional logistic regressions with the adjustment of potential confounders. Results-The results suggested that NSAIDs use during the 30 days before stroke was associated with a 1.57-fold increased risk of ischemic stroke, but not of hemorrhagic stroke (adjusted odds ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-1.97 for ischemic stroke; and adjusted odds ratio, 1.38; 95% confidence interval, 0.79-2.40 for hemorrhagic stroke). When classifying NSAIDs into selective and nonselective groups, nonselective NSAIDs use significantly increased the risk of ischemic stroke (adjusted odds ratio, 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.24-1.94), but not of hemorrhagic stroke (adjusted odds ratio, 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.90-2.73). Conclusions-The results demonstrate an increased risk of stroke, specifically ischemic stroke among hypertensive subjects with NSAIDs use. It would be important to closely monitor the transient effect of initial NSAIDs treatment, particularly in patients with hypertension. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

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