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Ingeniero Guillermo N. Juárez, Argentina

Sass L.,Institute of Plant Physiology
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) | Year: 2012

Computer analysis of digital photographic images provides fast, high-throughput screening of leaf pigmentation. Pixel-by-pixel conversion of red, green, blue (RGB) parameters to hue, saturation, value (HSV) showed that Hue values were proportional to total chlorophyll, offering an alternative to photometric analysis of leaf extracts. This is demonstrated using tobacco leaves with various chlorophyll contents due to senescence but shows the possibility of applications in studies of stress conditions accompanied by chlorophyll loss. Source


Kalaji H.M.,Warsaw University of Life Sciences | Schansker G.,Avenue des Amazones 2 | Ladle R.J.,Federal University of Alagoas | Goltsev V.,Sofia University | And 25 more authors.
Photosynthesis Research | Year: 2014

The aim of this educational review is to provide practical information on the hardware, methodology, and the hands on application of chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence technology. We present the paper in a question and answer format like frequently asked questions. Although nearly all information on the application of Chl a fluorescence can be found in the literature, it is not always easily accessible. This paper is primarily aimed at scientists who have some experience with the application of Chl a fluorescence but are still in the process of discovering what it all means and how it can be used. Topics discussed are (among other things) the kind of information that can be obtained using different fluorescence techniques, the interpretation of Chl a fluorescence signals, specific applications of these techniques, and practical advice on different subjects, such as on the length of dark adaptation before measurement of the Chl a fluorescence transient. The paper also provides the physiological background for some of the applied procedures. It also serves as a source of reference for experienced scientists. © 2014 The Author(s). Source


Zorina A.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Stepanchenko N.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Novikova G.V.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Sinetova M.,Institute of Plant Physiology | And 9 more authors.
DNA Research | Year: 2011

Serine/threonine protein kinases (STPKs) are the major participants in intracellular signal transduction in eukaryotes, such as yeasts, fungi, plants, and animals. Genome sequences indicate that these kinases are also present in prokaryotes, such as cyanobacteria. However, their roles in signal transduction in prokaryotes remain poorly understood. We have attempted to identify the roles of STPKs in response to heat stress in the prokaryotic cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, which has 12 genes for STPKs. Each gene was individually inactivated to generate a gene-knockout library of STPKs. We applied in vitro Ser/Thr protein phosphorylation and phosphoproteomics and identified the methionyl-tRNA synthetase, large subunit of RuBisCO, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, translation elongation factor Tu, heat-shock protein GrpE, and small chaperonin GroES as the putative targets for Ser/Thr phosphorylation. The expressed and purified GroES was used as an external substrate to screen the protein extracts of the individual mutants for their Ser/Thr kinase activities. The mutants that lack one of the three protein kinases, SpkC, SpkF, and SpkK, were unable to phosphorylate GroES in vitro, suggesting possible interactions between them towards their substrate. Complementation of the mutated SpkC, SpkF, and SpkK leads to the restoration of the ability of cells to phosphorylate the GroES. This suggests that these three STPKs are organized in a sequential order or a cascade and they work one after another to finally phosphorylate the GroES. © 2011 The Author. Source


Sass L.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Majer P.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Hideg E.,University of Pecs
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2012

Computer analysis of digital photographic images provides fast, high-throughput screening of leaf pigmentation. Pixel-by-pixel conversion of red, green, blue (RGB) parameters to hue, saturation, value (HSV) showed that Hue values were proportional to total chlorophyll, offering an alternative to photometric analysis of leaf extracts. This is demonstrated using tobacco leaves with various chlorophyll contents due to senescence but shows the possibility of applications in studies of stress conditions accompanied by chlorophyll loss. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Vahabi K.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Camehl I.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Sherameti I.,Institute of Plant Physiology | Oelmuller R.,Institute of Plant Physiology
Plant signaling & behavior | Year: 2013

The endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica colonizes the roots of many plant species including Arabidopsis and promotes their performance, biomass, and seed production as well as resistance against biotic and abiotic stress. Imbalances in the symbiotic interaction such as uncontrolled fungal growth result in the loss of benefits for the plants and activation of defense responses against the microbe. We exposed Arabidopsis seedlings to a dense hyphal lawn of P. indica. The seedlings continue to grow, accumulate normal amounts of chlorophyll, and the photosynthetic parameters demonstrate that they perform well. In spite of high fungal doses around the roots, the fungal material inside the roots was not significantly higher when compared with roots that live in a beneficial symbiosis with P. indica. Fifteen defense- and stress-related genes including PR2, PR3, PAL2, and ERF1 are only moderately upregulated in the roots on the fungal lawn, and the seedlings did not accumulate H2O2/radical oxygen species. However, accumulation of anthocyanin in P. indica-exposed seedlings indicates stress symptoms. Furthermore, the jasmonic acid (JA) and jasmonic acid-isoleucine (JA-Ile) levels were increased in the roots, and consequently PDF1.2 and a newly characterized gene for a 2-oxoglurate and Fe2+ -dependent oxygenase were upregulated more than 7-fold on the dense fungal lawn, in a JAR1- and EIN3-dependent manner. We conclude that growth of A. thaliana seedlings on high fungal doses of P. indica has little effect on the overall performance of the plants although elevated JA and JA-Ile levels in the roots induce a mild stress or defense response. Source

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