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České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Rossner Jr. P.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Rossnerova A.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Spatova M.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Beskid O.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | And 6 more authors.
Mutagenesis | Year: 2013

Populations living in industrialised regions are at higher risk of a number of diseases and shortened life span. These negative effects are primarily brought about by damage to cells and macromolecules caused by environmental pollutants. In this study, we analysed the effect of exposure to benzo[a]pyrene, a particulate matter of aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 μm (PM2.5), and benzene on oxidative stress markers [including 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′- deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), 15-F2t-isoprostane (15-F2t-IsoP) and protein carbonyls] and cytogenetic parameters (stable and unstable chromosomal aberrations). The samples were collected from subjects living in the Ostrava region characterised by very high levels of air pollution and in Prague with comparatively lower concentrations of pollutants in three seasons (winter 2009, summer 2009 and winter 2010). Despite several-fold higher concentrations of air pollutants in the Ostrava region, the levels of stable aberrations (genomic frequency of translocations per 100 cells, percentage of aberrant cells and frequency of acentric fragments) were mostly comparable in both locations. The frequency of unstable aberrations measured as the number of micronuclei was unexpectedly significantly lower in the Ostrava region subjects in both seasons of 2009. Urinary excretion of 8-oxodG did not differ between locations in either season. Lipid peroxidation measured as levels of 15-F2t-IsoP in blood plasma was elevated in the Ostrava subjects sampled in 2009. Protein oxidation was higher in Prague samples collected in summer 2009. Multivariate analyses conducted separately in subjects from Prague and Ostrava showed a negative association between the frequency of micronuclei and concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene and PM2.5 in both regions. A positive relationship was observed between lipid peroxidation and air pollution; protein oxidation seems to be positively affected by PM2.5 in both regions. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the UK Environmental Mutagen Society. All rights reserved.

Franova J.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | de Sousa E.,National Institute of Agrarian and Veterinary Research INIAV | Koloniuk I.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Mimoso C.,National Institute of Agrarian and Veterinary Research INIAV | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2016

A new phytoplasma was identified in naturally infected blackberry plants exhibiting witches’ broom symptoms in Portugal. The 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that it is related to ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma rubi’ (16SrV-E ribosomal subgroup) and RFLP analysis revealed a unique profile following Mse I endonuclease digestion of R16F2n/R2 amplicons that distinguished it from the strains belonging to previously established 16SrV phytoplasma subgroups. The in silico restriction analyses confirmed that the phytoplasma strain from blackberry is different from all the other strains reported in group 16SrV. Phylogeny of the 16S rRNA gene sequences, sequence analyses of 16S–23S, tuf, rplV-rpsC, rplF-rplR, rplO-SecY-map and uvrB-degV genetic loci, as well as the variability of unique oligonucleotide sequences defined for ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma rubi’ confirmed the uniqueness of this phytoplasma strain from Portugal for which a novel ribosomal subgroup, 16SrV-I, is proposed. The representative of this new subgroup was named blackPort phytoplasma (Portuguese blackberry phytoplasma). © 2016, Microbiology Society. All rights reserved.

Koloniuk I.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Hrabakova L.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Hrabakova L.,University of South Bohemia | Petrzik K.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology
Mitochondrial DNA | Year: 2014

The complete mitochondrial genome of the ascomycete fungus Phomopsis longicolla was sequenced using Illumina HiSeq platform. It consists of 53,439 bp with high (65.6%) A + T content and includes 14 conserved protein subunits of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation system, two ribosomal RNAs and 25 tRNA genes. To our knowledge, this is the first complete mitochondrial genome of the Diaporthales member. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted

Franova J.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Pribylova J.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Koloniuk I.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Podrabska K.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology | Spak J.,Institute of Plant Molecular Biology
Journal of Phytopathology | Year: 2016

Primula acaulis (L.) Hill. plants showing stunting, leaf-yellowing and virescence were first discovered in the Czech Republic. Polymerase chain reactions with subsequent restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and sequencing enabled classification of the detected phytoplasmas into the aster yellows group, ribosomal subgroup 16SrI-B, tufI-B, rpI-B, groELIB-III and SecY-IB subgroups. Phylogeny of the 16S rRNA gene sequences as well as sequence analysis of several chromosomal regions, such as the 16S-23S ribosomal operon, ribosomal proteins, spc ribosomal protein operon, genes for elongation factor EF-Tu, molecular chaperonin large subunit GroEL, immunodominant membrane protein, ribosome recycling factor, urydilate kinase, ATP- and Zn2+-dependent proteases not only confirmed its affiliation with the 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' species but also enabled its detailed molecular characterization. The less researched regions of phytoplasma genome (amp, adk, hflB, pyrH-frr genes) could be valuable as additional markers for phytoplasma through differentiation especially within the 16SrI-B ribosomal subgroup. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

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