Institute of Physical Education

Krosno Odrzańskie, Poland

Institute of Physical Education

Krosno Odrzańskie, Poland
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Meng Y.,Institute of Physical Education
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience | Year: 2016

Universities put emphasis on cultivation of traditional concept culture, when setting up sports courses; they will focus on martial arts, Taijiquan and other Chinese traditional sports events so as to let students to better understand Chinese culture. However, Taijiquan course development level in all kinds of universities is not the same. The paper takes Beijing city nineteen different types of universities as examples, from the perspectives of Taijiquan course setting status professional teachers proportions and non-professional teachers' proportions, utilizes AHP method to research on Taijiquan course developing conditions. Universities types include first-tier universities, secondtier universities, third-tier universities and specialized colleges these four types. Research results shows that Taijiquan course best development universities are first-tier universities, secondly is second-tier universities. Thereupon, it indicates Taijiquan course developing conditions are related to universities strength. Copyright © 2016 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.


Zhihua L.,Institute of Physical Education
Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech | Year: 2017

With the development of economy and higher education in China, physical education (PE) in colleges and universities has encountered many problems. Based on the review of the history and development of the PE curriculum reform in Chinese universities, this paper conducts literature review, questionnaires, mathematical analysis, chart analysis and logical analysis to analyzes major problems in the reform of college PE curriculum, and to put forward some countermeasures such as the construction of university sports facilities, the construction of new PE concepts, the establishment of a scientific curriculum evaluation system, and the improvement of teachers' competence, etc. so as to promote the reform of college PE curriculum.


Xiao Z.,Institute of Physical Education
Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech | Year: 2017

A large number of infeasible solutions often occur in population of evolutionary Computation (EC) solving the constraint combinatorial optimization problems. The greater the number of infeasible solutions in the population, the worse the performance of EC to search the solution, in the worst case, the algorithm ceases to run. The existing methods, penalty function or multi-objective optimization, can relieve partly the worst case of EC to run. However, they are actually to restrain the infeasible solutions surviving in population, the performance of the EC is not improved. In this study we propose an approach using an important feature of the infeasible solutions in Genetic Algorithms (GA). The approach can not only solve the problem of algorithm ceases to run, but also improve effectively the performance of genetic algorithms searching the optimal solution.From examination of the proposed method on multidimensional knapsack problems, the application of method is effective tosolve the problem of algorithm ceases to run as well as to improve clearly.


Jiang Y.,Institute of Physical Education | Fang Q.,Shenyang Sport University
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2013

Along with social progress and the development of science and technology, people's material life has been greatly improved, so there appears a growing number of obese youth; the incidence of this group is higher, the impact on families and community is larger, and thus many experts put forward their own views for weight loss exercise. Through the study on the relationship between the walking and running sport - energy consumption - fat reduction, this paper proposes a weight loss strategy by prolonged low-intensity exercise from a optimal mathematical point of view; in order to study the relationship walking and running and energy, the paper first studies the relationship between the heart rate and the two respectively; in the study course it uses a non-equidistant Logistic model, and obtains reasonable results through the model; in addition this paper also establishes the optimization model of fat consumption and in constraint condition of stride frequency in order to verify the reliability of Logistic model; moreover, it establishes the mechanism model of fat consumption, the results validate the error between the two is within 10%, obtains the optimal exercise strategy with exercise time 120 minutes and stride frequency 140l/min; in this mode the exercise can reach a theory effect of weekly weight loss 49g; the experiment proves that the result is a safe range for weight loss, which provides a theoretical basis and methods for the weight loss exercise of majority of obese youth. © 2013 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.


Mika A.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow | Oleksy L.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow | Kielnar R.,University of Rzeszow | Wodka-Natkaniec E.,Jagiellonian University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Background The aim of this study is to assess if the application of different methods of active recovery (working the same or different muscle groups from those which were active during fatiguing exercise) results in significant differences in muscle performance and if the efficiency of the active recovery method is dependent upon the specific sport activity (training loads). Design A parallel group non-blinded trial with repeated measurements. Methods Thirteen mountain canoeists and twelve football players participated in this study. Measurements of the bioelectrical activity, torque, work and power of the vastus lateralis oblique, vastus medialis oblique, and rectus femoris muscles were performed during isokinetic tests at a velocity of 90°/s. Results Active legs recovery in both groups was effective in reducing fatigue from evaluated muscles, where a significant decrease in fatigue index was observed. The muscles peak torque, work and power parameters did not change significantly after both modes of active recovery, but in both groups significant decrease was seen after passive recovery. Conclusions We suggest that 20 minutes of post-exercise active recovery involving the same muscles that were active during the fatiguing exercise is more effective in fatigue recovery than active exercise using the muscles that were not involved in the exercise. Active arm exercises were less effective in both groups which indicates a lack of a relationship between the different training regimens and the part of the body which is principally used during training. © 2016 Mika et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Golab S.,Institute of Physical Education | Woronkowicz A.,University of Physical Education in Warsaw | Kryst L.,University of Physical Education in Warsaw
American Journal of Human Biology | Year: 2016

Objectives: The increasing problem of population aging requires appropriate economic and health-related measures to mitigate its negative effects. The aim was to categorize the biological age of men between 20 and 70 years of age and assess its relationship to their physical activity and fitness. Methods: Data included morphological variables, total body water, the results of five Eurofit motor tests and the percentage of maximum heart rate (HR%), during a cardiovascular test of more than 1,400 20–70 year-old men living in Kraków. Biological age was estimated with regression equations. Results: There were significant and consistent differences in physical fitness profiles between the three established groups of relations between biological and chronological age (biologically younger, equal, and older). These three categories of biological age were generally consistent with the regression analysis of physical fitness results, although declared physical activity seemed to be an independent factor. Conclusions: The selected morphological variables represent a set of characteristics useful for the determination of the biological age. The existing relationship between physical activity and biological age indicates that physical activity may contribute to the inhibition of involutional changes, even if it had only been performed regularly in the past. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 28:503–509, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Ma S.-Q.,Institute of Physical Education | Ma X.-J.,Institute of Physical Education
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2011

Literature, expert interview and Delphi and other research methods were used to systematically arrange and analyze the in-service training teaching goals of Chinese senior volleyball coaches, and the in-service training teaching goal system for Chinese senior volleyball coaches was constructed. In addition, the algorithm of Saaty Relative Importance was used to determine the weight of each indicator system which provided the theoretical basis for optimizing and combining the teaching content, and developing the teaching course system suitable for the actual condition of Chinese volleyball coaches' in-service training. © (2011) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


PubMed | University of Physical Education in Warsaw and Institute of Physical Education
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council | Year: 2016

The increasing problem of population aging requires appropriate economic and health-related measures to mitigate its negative effects. The aim was to categorize the biological age of men between 20 and 70 years of age and assess its relationship to their physical activity and fitness.Data included morphological variables, total body water, the results of five Eurofit motor tests and the percentage of maximum heart rate (HR%), during a cardiovascular test of more than 1,400 20-70 year-old men living in Krakw. Biological age was estimated with regression equations.There were significant and consistent differences in physical fitness profiles between the three established groups of relations between biological and chronological age (biologically younger, equal, and older). These three categories of biological age were generally consistent with the regression analysis of physical fitness results, although declared physical activity seemed to be an independent factor.The selected morphological variables represent a set of characteristics useful for the determination of the biological age. The existing relationship between physical activity and biological age indicates that physical activity may contribute to the inhibition of involutional changes, even if it had only been performed regularly in the past. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 28:503-509, 2016. 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Wang Y.,Institute of Physical Education
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2014

With the deepening of reform and opening up, all walks of life is running stable and orderly, but it lacks of emphasis on public sports, establish a set of completely public sports service comprehensive evaluation system is particularly important. The paper just along this direction, by establishing multilayer fuzzy evaluation method, applies mathematical statistics, analytic hierarchy process, questionnaire survey, component analysis and other methods to go deep into research, and refer to maximum membership corresponding principles. Research table concludes that a Chinese public sport service basically belongs to satisfied state, but it still has many problems that need us to constantly improve them. © 2014 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.


Meng Y.,Institute of Physical Education
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2014

With progress of times, Taekwondo has also been rapidly developing, and become formal event in Olympic Games. In order to find out Chinese athletes' shortcomings and defects, the paper analyzes mechanical relations and dynamical relations when athletes make roundhouse kicking; it gets athletes' potential energy generated when they make roundhouse kicking. And analyzes athletes data, it gets that when athletes make roundhouse kicking, their hip joint, knee joint and ankle joint kinematic features. Finally it gets that when athletes make roundhouse kicking, in case that quadriceps femoris and hamstrings fully contraction, they should try to reduce hip abduction angle and hip inflection angle as much as possible, shorten each phase completion time, improve motions' speed and motions surprise, so that arrives at anticipative effects and let own party get advantage. © 2014 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.

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