Zadarko E.,University of Rzeszow |
Barabasz Z.,University of Rzeszow |
Niziol-Babiarz E.,University of Rzeszow |
Zadarko-Domaradzka M.,University of Rzeszow |
And 4 more authors.
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014
The Carpathian Euroregion comprises the population of 5 countries, including Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania - members of the European Union, as well as the Ukraine. Young women are statistically less involved in high-intensity physical activity than young men. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between physical activity of young women aged 18-21 years and the BMI and conditioning factors. The study was conducted between 2010-2011 among 2,339 women. The Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (MLTPAQ) was applied. It results from the study that 74.2% of young women are considered to have the proper BMI rate (18.5-24.9). As many as 16.2% are considered underweight and almost 10% have a higher BMI rate and are overweight. More than one third of respondents did not achieve the level of physical activity of 1,000 kcal/week, which is the minimum recommended amount of leisure physical activity time per week. In the case of women with low level of physical activity (<1,000 kcal), as many as 52% of the week activity is considered low-intensity activity EEPAlight. The character of changes of the BMI index with reference to the level of physical activity is very similar in women from towns/cities and women from villages. An increase of BMI along with the total physical activity was related to the increase of free fat mass FFM, despite of the level of physical activity. © Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 2014.
Jiang Y.,Institute of Physical Education |
Fang Q.,Shenyang Sport University
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2013
Along with social progress and the development of science and technology, people's material life has been greatly improved, so there appears a growing number of obese youth; the incidence of this group is higher, the impact on families and community is larger, and thus many experts put forward their own views for weight loss exercise. Through the study on the relationship between the walking and running sport - energy consumption - fat reduction, this paper proposes a weight loss strategy by prolonged low-intensity exercise from a optimal mathematical point of view; in order to study the relationship walking and running and energy, the paper first studies the relationship between the heart rate and the two respectively; in the study course it uses a non-equidistant Logistic model, and obtains reasonable results through the model; in addition this paper also establishes the optimization model of fat consumption and in constraint condition of stride frequency in order to verify the reliability of Logistic model; moreover, it establishes the mechanism model of fat consumption, the results validate the error between the two is within 10%, obtains the optimal exercise strategy with exercise time 120 minutes and stride frequency 140l/min; in this mode the exercise can reach a theory effect of weekly weight loss 49g; the experiment proves that the result is a safe range for weight loss, which provides a theoretical basis and methods for the weight loss exercise of majority of obese youth. © 2013 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.
Pilch W.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow |
Pilch W.,Institute of Physical Education |
Szygula Z.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow |
Szygula Z.,Institute of Physical Education |
And 7 more authors.
Biology of Sport | Year: 2014
The aim of the paper was to follow up major physiological reactions, provoked by heat stress during dry and wet sauna baths. A physical strain index and subjective estimation of heat comfort of subjects who had not taken sauna baths before was also evaluated. Ten healthy males aged 25-28 underwent a dry sauna bath and then after a one-month break they underwent a steam sauna bath. Each time, they entered the sauna chamber 3 times for 15 minutes with five-minute breaks. During breaks they cooled their bodies with a cold shower and then rested in a sitting position. Before and after the baths, body mass and blood pressure were measured. Rectal temperature and heart rate were monitored during the baths. The physiological strain index (PSI) and cumulative heat strain index (CHSI) were calculated. Subjects assessed heat comfort by Bedford's scale. Greater body mass losses were observed after the dry sauna bath compared to the wet sauna (-0.72 vs. -0.36 kg respectively). However, larger increases in rectal temperature and heart rate were observed during the wet sauna bath (38.8% and 21.2% respectively). Both types of sauna baths caused elevation of systolic blood pressure, but changes were greater after the dry one. Diastolic pressure was reduced similarly. Subjective feelings of heat comfort as well as PSI (4.83 ± 0.29 vs. 5.7 ± 0.28) and CHSI (76.3 ± 18.4 vs. 144.6 ± 21.7) were greater during the wet sauna bath. It can be concluded that due to high humidity and reduction of thermoregulation mechanisms, the wet sauna is more stressful for the organism than the dry sauna, where the temperature is higher with low humidity. Both observed indexes (PSI and CHSI) could be appropriate for objective assessment of heat strain during passive heating of the organism.
Mika A.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow |
Oleksy L.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow |
Kielnar R.,University of Rzeszow |
Wodka-Natkaniec E.,Jagiellonian University |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016
Background The aim of this study is to assess if the application of different methods of active recovery (working the same or different muscle groups from those which were active during fatiguing exercise) results in significant differences in muscle performance and if the efficiency of the active recovery method is dependent upon the specific sport activity (training loads). Design A parallel group non-blinded trial with repeated measurements. Methods Thirteen mountain canoeists and twelve football players participated in this study. Measurements of the bioelectrical activity, torque, work and power of the vastus lateralis oblique, vastus medialis oblique, and rectus femoris muscles were performed during isokinetic tests at a velocity of 90°/s. Results Active legs recovery in both groups was effective in reducing fatigue from evaluated muscles, where a significant decrease in fatigue index was observed. The muscles peak torque, work and power parameters did not change significantly after both modes of active recovery, but in both groups significant decrease was seen after passive recovery. Conclusions We suggest that 20 minutes of post-exercise active recovery involving the same muscles that were active during the fatiguing exercise is more effective in fatigue recovery than active exercise using the muscles that were not involved in the exercise. Active arm exercises were less effective in both groups which indicates a lack of a relationship between the different training regimens and the part of the body which is principally used during training. © 2016 Mika et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Golab S.,Institute of Physical Education |
Woronkowicz A.,University of Physical Education in Warsaw |
Kryst L.,University of Physical Education in Warsaw
American Journal of Human Biology | Year: 2016
Objectives: The increasing problem of population aging requires appropriate economic and health-related measures to mitigate its negative effects. The aim was to categorize the biological age of men between 20 and 70 years of age and assess its relationship to their physical activity and fitness. Methods: Data included morphological variables, total body water, the results of five Eurofit motor tests and the percentage of maximum heart rate (HR%), during a cardiovascular test of more than 1,400 20–70 year-old men living in Kraków. Biological age was estimated with regression equations. Results: There were significant and consistent differences in physical fitness profiles between the three established groups of relations between biological and chronological age (biologically younger, equal, and older). These three categories of biological age were generally consistent with the regression analysis of physical fitness results, although declared physical activity seemed to be an independent factor. Conclusions: The selected morphological variables represent a set of characteristics useful for the determination of the biological age. The existing relationship between physical activity and biological age indicates that physical activity may contribute to the inhibition of involutional changes, even if it had only been performed regularly in the past. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 28:503–509, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Ma S.-Q.,Institute of Physical Education |
Ma X.-J.,Institute of Physical Education
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2011
Literature, expert interview and Delphi and other research methods were used to systematically arrange and analyze the in-service training teaching goals of Chinese senior volleyball coaches, and the in-service training teaching goal system for Chinese senior volleyball coaches was constructed. In addition, the algorithm of Saaty Relative Importance was used to determine the weight of each indicator system which provided the theoretical basis for optimizing and combining the teaching content, and developing the teaching course system suitable for the actual condition of Chinese volleyball coaches' in-service training. © (2011) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
PubMed | University of Physical Education in Warsaw and Institute of Physical Education
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council | Year: 2016
The increasing problem of population aging requires appropriate economic and health-related measures to mitigate its negative effects. The aim was to categorize the biological age of men between 20 and 70 years of age and assess its relationship to their physical activity and fitness.Data included morphological variables, total body water, the results of five Eurofit motor tests and the percentage of maximum heart rate (HR%), during a cardiovascular test of more than 1,400 20-70 year-old men living in Krakw. Biological age was estimated with regression equations.There were significant and consistent differences in physical fitness profiles between the three established groups of relations between biological and chronological age (biologically younger, equal, and older). These three categories of biological age were generally consistent with the regression analysis of physical fitness results, although declared physical activity seemed to be an independent factor.The selected morphological variables represent a set of characteristics useful for the determination of the biological age. The existing relationship between physical activity and biological age indicates that physical activity may contribute to the inhibition of involutional changes, even if it had only been performed regularly in the past. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 28:503-509, 2016. 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Han Z.-L.,Institute of Physical Education |
Ma X.-J.,Institute of Physical Education |
Liang Z.-S.,Institute of Physical Education
5th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, iCBBE 2011 | Year: 2011
In this study, Three-dimensional Video Analysis System and Ariel Performance System are used to test the top 6 pitchers from five teams in China. Divide all aspects of the upper limbs of the participants in accordance with Zheng Xiuyuan's manikin. The Sports Biomechanics Principles and Methods are used to test and analyze the pitcher's pitching technique of the excellent baseball players. Record the kinematics data of the participants. Attempt to reveal the kinematics characteristics of it, and make a reasonable diagnosis and evaluation to the participants' movement. © 2011 IEEE.
Wang Y.,Institute of Physical Education
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2014
With the deepening of reform and opening up, all walks of life is running stable and orderly, but it lacks of emphasis on public sports, establish a set of completely public sports service comprehensive evaluation system is particularly important. The paper just along this direction, by establishing multilayer fuzzy evaluation method, applies mathematical statistics, analytic hierarchy process, questionnaire survey, component analysis and other methods to go deep into research, and refer to maximum membership corresponding principles. Research table concludes that a Chinese public sport service basically belongs to satisfied state, but it still has many problems that need us to constantly improve them. © 2014 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.
Meng Y.,Institute of Physical Education
BioTechnology: An Indian Journal | Year: 2014
With progress of times, Taekwondo has also been rapidly developing, and become formal event in Olympic Games. In order to find out Chinese athletes' shortcomings and defects, the paper analyzes mechanical relations and dynamical relations when athletes make roundhouse kicking; it gets athletes' potential energy generated when they make roundhouse kicking. And analyzes athletes data, it gets that when athletes make roundhouse kicking, their hip joint, knee joint and ankle joint kinematic features. Finally it gets that when athletes make roundhouse kicking, in case that quadriceps femoris and hamstrings fully contraction, they should try to reduce hip abduction angle and hip inflection angle as much as possible, shorten each phase completion time, improve motions' speed and motions surprise, so that arrives at anticipative effects and let own party get advantage. © 2014 Trade Science Inc. - INDIA.