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Rey-Rocha J.,Institute of Philosophy IFS | Lopez-Navarro I.,Institute of Philosophy IFS | Antonio-Garcia M.T.,Complutense University of Madrid
Scientometrics | Year: 2015

The present study investigate to what extent basic-clinical collaboration and involvement in translational research improve performance of researchers, in the particular setting of hospitals affiliated with the Spanish National Health System (NHS). We used a combination of quantitative science indicators and perception-based data obtained through a survey of researchers working at NHS hospitals. Although collaborating with clinical researchers and health care practitioners may increase productivity of basic researchers working in clinical settings, the extent to which they are able to contribute to translational research is the factor that allows them to make a qualitative leap in their scientific production in highly ranked international scientific journals. Our results challenge the arguments by some authors that translational projects have more difficulties than basic proposals to be granted by funding agencies and to be published in high-impact journals. Although they are not conclusive, our results point towards the existence of a positive relationship between leadership and involvement in translational research. Basic-clinical collaboration and translational research should be an incentive for researchers as they are likely to favour their performance. Hospitals will benefit from encouraging researchers and health care practitioners to collaborate in the framework of translational projects, as a way to improve not only individual, but institutional research performance. Spanish hospitals should contribute to overcome obstacles to translational research, through the full integration of basic researchers within the hospital setting and the definition of a research career path within the NHS. © 2015, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

Bordons M.,Institute of Philosophy IFS | Gonzalez-Albo B.,Center for Human and Social science | Aparicio J.,Center for Human and Social science | Moreno L.,Institute of Philosophy IFS
Scientometrics | Year: 2014

A positive influence of international collaboration on the impact of research has been extensively described. This paper delves further into this issue and studies to what extent the type of collaborating country—high, medium or low R&D intensive country—and which country is the leader in the research may influence the impact of the final scientific output. Among 9,961 papers co-authored by scientists from Spain and from another country (bilateral collaboration) during 2008–2009, papers with high R&D intensive countries predominated (60 %) and received the highest number of citations. This holds true in eight out of nine fields, being Social Sciences the one which benefited the most from partnerships with high R&D intensive countries. Mathematics emerges as a special case where other factors such as the partner’s specialisation in the field may have a greater influence on research impact than the level of investment in R&D of the collaborating country. No significant influence of the type of country leading the research on the impact of the final papers is observed in most fields. Research policy implications are finally discussed. © 2014, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

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