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Tian X.,Shenyang University | Dai S.,Shenyang Medical College | Dai S.,Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology | Sun J.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | And 6 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), a member of the KLF family of transcription factors, has been considered as a crucial tumor suppressor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Using affinity purifications and mass spectrometry, we identified FBXO22, Cullin1 and SKP1 as interacting proteins of KLF4. We demonstrate that F-box only protein 22 (FBXO22) interacts with and thereby destabilizes KLF4 via polyubiquitination. As a result, FBXO22 could promote HCC cells proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. However, KLF4 deficiency largely blocked the proliferative roles of FBXO22. Importantly, FBXO22 expression was markedly increased in human HCC tissues, which was correlated with down-regulation of KLF4. Therefore, our results suggest that FBXO22 might be a major regulator of HCC development through direct degradation of KLF4.

Tian X.,Shenyang University | Dai S.,Shenyang Medical College | Dai S.,Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology | Sun J.,Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute | And 9 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

Bufalin, a digoxin-like active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Chan Su, exhibits potent antitumor activities in many human cancers. Bufalin induces mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in cancer cells, but the detailed molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. hTERT, the catalytic subunit of telomerase, protects against mitochondrial damage by binding to mitochondrial DNA and reducing mitochondrial ROS production. In the present study, we investigated the effects of bufalin on the cell viability, ROS production, DNA damage, and apoptosis of CAPAN-2 human pancreatic and CAL-27 human oral cancer cells. Bufalin reduced CAPAN-2 and CAL-27 cell viability with IC50 values of 159.2 nM and 122.6 nM, respectively. The reduced cell viability was accompanied by increased ROS production, DNA damage, and apoptosis and decreased expression of hTERT. hTERT silencing in CAPAN-2 and CAL-27 cells by siRNA resulted in increased caspase-9/-3 cleavage and DNA damage and decreased cell viability. Collectively, these data suggest that bufalin downregulates hTERT to induce mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in CAPAN-2 and CAL-27 cells. Moreover, bufalin increased the phosphorylation of JNK and p38-MAPK in CAPAN-2 and CAL-27 cells, and blocking the JNK/p38-MAPK pathway using the JNK inhibitor SP600125 or the p38-MAPK inhibitor SB203580 reversed bufalin-induced hTERT downregulation. Thus, the JNK/p38 pathway is involved in bufalin-induced hTERT downregulation and subsequent induction of apoptosis by the mitochondrial pathway. © 2015 Xin Tian et al.

Xiu Y.-L.,Shenyang University | Zhao Y.,Shenyang University | Gou W.-F.,Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology | Chen S.,Shenyang University | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: Anacardic acid (AA) is a mixture of 2-hydroxy-6-alkylbenzoic acid homologs. Certain antitumor activities of AA have been reported in a variety of cancers. However, the function of AA in ovarian cancer, to date, has remained unknown. Methods: Ovarian cancer cell lines were exposed to AA, after which cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration assays were performed. Phalloidin staining was used to observe lamellipodia formation. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting were used to assess the mRNA and protein expression levels of Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and caspase 3. Results: Our results showed that AA promotes ovarian cancer cell proliferation, inhibits late apoptosis, and induces cell migration and invasion, as well as lamellipodia formation. AA exposure significantly up-regulated PI3K and VEGF mRNA and protein expression, while, in contrast, it down-regulated caspase 3 mRNA and protein expression in comparison to untreated control cells. Conclusion: Taken together, our results demonstrate for the first time that AA may potentiate the proliferation, invasion, metastasis and lamellipodia formation in ovarian cancer cell lines via PI3K, VEGF and caspase 3 pathways. © 2014 Xiu et al.

Dai S.-D.,Shenyang Medical College | Dai S.-D.,Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology | Wang Y.,Shenyang Medical College | Wang Y.,Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology | And 16 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2011

δ-Catenin is the only member of the p120 catenin (p120ctn) subfamily that its primary expression is restricted to the brain. Since δ-catenin is upregulated in human lung cancer, the effects of δ-catenin overexpression in lung cancer still need to be clarified. Immunohistochemistry was performed to investigate the expression of δ-catenin and Kaiso, a δ-catenin-binding transcription factor, in 151 lung cancer specimens. A correlation between cytoplasmic δ-catenin and Kaiso expression was also associated with high TNM stage, lymph node metastases and poor prognosis. Co-immunoprecipitation assay confirmed the interactions of δ-catenin and Kaiso in lung cancer cells. In addition, gene transfection and RNAi technology were used to demonstrate that increased δ-catenin expression was promoted, whereas its knockdown suppressed its lung cancer invasive ability. In addition, methylation-specific PCR and ChIP assay demonstrated that δ-catenin could regulate MTA2 via Kaiso in a methylation-dependent manner, while it could regulate cyclin D1 and MMP7 expression through Kaiso in a sequence-specific manner. In conclusion, a δ-catenin/Kaiso pathway exists in lung cancer cells. Increased δ-catenin expression is critical for maintenance of the malignant phenotype of lung cancer, making δ-catenin a candidate target protein for future cancer therapeutics. © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association.

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