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Colinet B.,Service de pneumologie | Dargent J.-L.,Institute Of Pathologie Et Genetique | Fremault A.,Service de pneumologie
Revue des Maladies Respiratoires | Year: 2013

Pulmonary nodules are a common reason for consultation and their investigation must always exclude a possible neoplastic cause. This means that, in addition to a thorough history, investigations may be necessary which are sometimes invasive and therefore potentially a cause of iatrogenic harm. The toxic aetiologies for pulmonary nodules are rare. We report a case of a patient with pulmonary nodules occurring predominantly in the right lung, about 1 cm in diameter, non-cavitating without calcification, and sometimes surrounded by a peripheral halo. The nodules were a chance finding during preoperative evaluation. After a comprehensive review, a reaction to an inhaled irritant was the preferred hypothesis, specifically overuse of a compound insecticide containing, in addition to the propellant gas and solvent type hydrocarbon - a mixture of piperonyl butoxide, of esbiothrine and permethrin. Removal of this led to the complete disappearance of nodules. Pathological examination identified bronchiolitis obliterans with organising pneumonia accompanied by non-necrotizing granulomas and lipid vacuoles. © 2013 SPLF.

Stewart G.D.,University of Edinburgh | Van Neste L.,MDxHealth | Delvenne P.,University of Liege | Delree P.,Institute Of Pathologie Et Genetique | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Urology | Year: 2013

Purpose: Concern about possible false-negative prostate biopsy histopathology findings often leads to rebiopsy. A quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction assay panel, including GSTP1, APC and RASSF1, could increase the sensitivity of detecting cancer over that of pathological review alone, leading to a high negative predictive value and a decrease in unnecessary repeat biopsies. Materials and Methods: The MATLOC study blindly tested archived prostate biopsy needle core tissue samples of 498 subjects from the United Kingdom and Belgium with histopathologically negative prostate biopsies, followed by positive (cases) or negative (controls) repeat biopsy within 30 months. Clinical performance of the epigenetic marker panel, emphasizing negative predictive value, was assessed and cross-validated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate all risk factors. Results: The epigenetic assay performed on the first negative biopsies of this retrospective review cohort resulted in a negative predictive value of 90% (95% CI 87-93). In a multivariate model correcting for patient age, prostate specific antigen, digital rectal examination and first biopsy histopathological characteristics the epigenetic assay was a significant independent predictor of patient outcome (OR 3.17, 95% CI 1.81-5.53). Conclusions: A multiplex quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction assay determining the methylation status of GSTP1, APC and RASSF1 was strongly associated with repeat biopsy outcome up to 30 months after initial negative biopsy in men with suspicion of prostate cancer. Adding this epigenetic assay could improve the prostate cancer diagnostic process and decrease unnecessary repeat biopsies. © 2013 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.

Francois V.,Free University of Colombia | Shehade H.,Free University of Colombia | Acolty V.,Free University of Colombia | Preyat N.,Free University of Colombia | And 3 more authors.
Mucosal Immunology | Year: 2015

The ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 sequentially degrade the extracellular ATP pool and release immunosuppressive adenosine, thereby regulating inflammatory responses. This control is likely to be critical in the gastrointestinal tract where high levels of ATP are released in particular by commensal bacteria. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the involvement of the adenosinergic regulation in the intestine of mice in steady-state conditions and on acute infection with Toxoplasma gondii. We show that both conventional (Tconv) and regulatory (Treg) CD4 + T lymphocytes express CD39 and CD73 in the intestine of naive mice. CD73 expression was downregulated during acute infection with T. gondii, leading to impaired capacity to produce adenosine. Interestingly, the expression of adenosine receptors was maintained and treatment with receptor agonists limited immunopathology and dysbiosis, suggesting that the activation of adenosine receptors may constitute an efficient approach to control intestinal inflammation associated with decreased ectonucleotidase expression.

Ngendahayo P.,Institute Of Pathologie Et Genetique | De Saint Aubain N.,Institute Jules Bordet
American Journal of Dermatopathology | Year: 2012

Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a benign histiocytic lesion that displays different histologic patterns. The classic form consists of a proliferation of foamy histiocytes admixed with numerous multinucleated Touton-type giant cells, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. Mitotic figures are rare or even absent. Apart from this classic form, a nonlipidized form showing a diffuse infiltrate of nonfoamy histiocytes with or without rare Touton-type giant cells is described. The mitotic activity is somewhat higher than in the classic form. We describe here an unusual case, occurring in a 71-year-old man, characterized by a very high mitotic index (22 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields). © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Boland C.,Catholic University of Louvain | Collet V.,Catholic University of Louvain | Laterre E.,Institute Of Pathologie Et Genetique | Lecuivre C.,Catholic University of Louvain | And 2 more authors.
Inflammation | Year: 2011

The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway has been identified as playing a key role in the communication between the central nervous system and the immune system during inflammation. The potential beneficial role of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) remains to be clarified in established sepsis. We hypothesized that VNS or nicotine administration would reduce lung injury and mortality in established sepsis. We conducted a prospective, randomized experimental study. Four hours after peritonitis induction by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), rats were randomized into three groups of seven animals according to the intervention: control group, VNS group (15 V, 2 ms, 5 Hz during 20 min), and nicotine group (400 μg/kg intraperitoneal). Survival was determined as lung injury score 4 and 8 h after CLP. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC)-3 and thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TATc) were measured at baseline and at 4 and 8 h after CLP. Survival at 8 h was 71.4%, 100%, and 23.8% in the control, VNS, and nicotine groups, respectively (p < 0.05). All animals had lung damage but without significant difference between groups even if nicotine-treated animals tended to have a higher score than the controls (p = 0.09). Neutrophil polymorphonuclear (PMN) infiltration was more pronounced in the nicotine group compared with the VNS group (p = 0.015) but not with the controls. TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, CINC-3, and TATc were elevated in all groups (NS). In this model of established sepsis, posttreatment by VNS was associated with increased survival, while nicotine administration increased lung PMN infiltration and mortality. Nicotine-induced bacterial clearance impairment and nicotine systemic effects may explain these observations. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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