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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Bocherens H.,University of Tubingen | Drucker D.G.,University of Tubingen | Germonpre M.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | Laznickova-Galetova M.,University of West Bohemia | And 7 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2015

The Gravettian site of Předmostí I in the central Moravian Plain has yielded a rich and diverse large mammal fauna dated around 25-27,000 14CyearsBP (ca. 29,500-31,500calBP). This fauna includes numerous carnivores (cave lion, wolf, brown bear, polar fox, wolverine) and herbivores (reindeer, large bovine, red deer, muskox, horse, woolly rhinoceros, woolly mammoth) whose trophic position could be reconstructed using stable isotopic tracking (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) of bone collagen (n=63). Among large canids, two morphotypes, "Pleistocene wolves" and "Palaeolithic dogs", were considered, and two human bones attributed to the Gravettian assemblage of Předmostí I were also sampled. The trophic system around the Gravettian settlement of Předmostí I showed the typical niche partitioning among herbivores and carnivores seen in other mammoth-steppe contexts. The contribution of the analyzed prey species to the diet of the predators, including humans, was evaluated using a Bayesian mixing model (SIAR). Lions included great amounts of reindeer/muskox and possibly bison in their diet, while Pleistocene wolves were more focused on horse and possibly mammoth. Strong reliance on mammoth meat was found for the human of the site, similarly to previously analyzed individuals from other Gravettian sites in Moravia. Interestingly, the large canids interpreted as "Palaeolithic dogs" had a high proportion of reindeer/muskox in their diet, while consumption of mammoth would be expected from the availability of this prey especially in case of close interaction with humans. The peculiar isotopic composition of the Palaeolithic dogs of Předmostí I may indicate some control of their dietary intake by Gravettian people, who could have use them more for transportation than hunting purpose. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

Garcia T.,French Natural History Museum | Feraud G.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Falgueres C.,French Natural History Museum | de Lumley H.,Institute Of Paleontologie Humaine | And 2 more authors.
Quaternary Geochronology | Year: 2010

Several hominid remains have been discovered in the open-air site of Dmanisi (Georgia), the oldest prehistoric site in Eurasia. Two major arguments prove that this site is close in age to the Plio-Pleistocene boundary: a Villafranchian fauna and the morphological characteristics of hominid remains recently ascribed to Homo georgicus. Direct dating of the lower hominid-bearing level was carried out on volcanic glass and minerals using the 40Ar/39Ar method. The concordant results from two different sampled locations allow the determination of the age of the earliest human presence in Eurasia. This radioisotopic result strengthens the argument that the first dispersal of hominids outside Africa occurred at least 1.8Ma ago. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. Source

This article presents new accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates of cutmarked ungulate remains from one of the uppermost archaeological layers (f) at the Grotte de Saint-Marcel, Ardèche, France. This site is situated in a key location regarding population dispersal and potential interaction between Neanderthals and modern humans, as it lies at the crossroads of two main routes of passage. Attributing the upper sequence of this site to a precise chronological period within the Mousterian was difficult until now. Previous conventional 14C analyses done on bulk samples over twenty years ago were considered too young (23,000-30,000 BP). Our new AMS radiocarbon results give two statistically identical dates of 37,850±550 BP and 37,850±600 BP, thus confirming the Late Mousterian attribution of the upper levels of this site. A third date overlaps them at two standard deviations. These are among the very few chronometric dates available for the Mousterian (especially its late phases) in Mediterranean France. The Late Mousterian of this zone, a key region in recent debates about late Neanderthal behaviour, is discussed in light of these results. © 2010 Académie des sciences. Source

Puech P.-F.,Institute Of Paleontologie Humaine | Puech B.,Lille University of Science and Technology
AMHA - Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica | Year: 2012

This paper is an essay to connect with the Stone Age coastal hunters who sheltered 28,000 years ago in the caves of today's Italian Mediterranean Sea shore cliffs. We have focused on the archaeological Gravettian layer in the Cavillon cave from Grimaldi occupied by Cro-Magnons (informal name for Anatomically Modern Humans of the European Upper Paleolithic), which demonstrates the technical skills of the phase. Cro-Magnons, like Neanderthals, were seasonally nomadic; however, the diversity of the resources exploited within the territory along the Grimaldi sea coast suggests a longer-term site within which a complex symbolic culture developed. Source

Mercier N.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Le Quellec J.-L.,CNRS | Hachid M.,CNRPAH | Agsous S.,Institute Of Paleontologie Humaine | Grenet M.,TRACES
Quaternary Geochronology | Year: 2012

The Tassili-n-Ajjer plateau is famous for its tens of thousands of pictographs discovered in the mid-XX th century. Despite extensive studies aimed at preserving this art inscribed on the World Heritage List, the antiquity of these paintings remains hotly debated. Because recent attempts at dating with radiocarbon failed to provide reliable results, an OSL dating study focused on Quaternary deposits preserved at the feet of painted walls and which can be connected to them was undertaken. Thirteen sediment samples were collected from below and above the palaeosol where the painters might have lived. The OSL results indicate that the paintings are younger than ∼9-10 ka, but unfortunately they do not allow us to narrow the time interval during which they were made. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

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