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Wang L.,Institute of Orthopedic Surgery | Fan J.,Institute of Orthopedic Surgery | Lin Y.-S.,Chengdu Medical College | Guo Y.-S.,Institute of Orthopedic Surgery | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is a widespread clinical complication following glucocorticoid therapy. This irreversible damage to bone-forming and -resorbing cells is essential in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Autophagy is a physiological process involved in the regulation of cells and their responses to diverse stimuli, however, the role of autophagy in glucocorticoid-induced damage to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) remains unclear. The current study confirmed that glucocorticoid administration impaired the proliferation of BMSCs. Transmission electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis detected autophagy in vitro and in GIOP model rats (in vivo). With the addition of the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine, the proliferative ability of BMSCs was further reduced, while the number of apoptotic BMSCs was significantly increased. The data suggests that in response to glucocorticoid administration, induced autophagy aids to maintain proliferation and prevent apoptosis of BMSCs. Thus, it is hypothesized that autophagy may be a novel target in the treatment or prevention of osteoporosis. Source

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