Institute of Organ Transplantation

Wuhan, China

Institute of Organ Transplantation

Wuhan, China

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Zhang X.,Institute of Organ Transplantation | He F.,Institute of Organ Transplantation | He F.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Yang J.,Institute of Organ Transplantation | Chen Z.-S.,Institute of Organ Transplantation
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Medical Science | Year: 2015

Inflammation plays a critical role in intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory effect. This study examined the effect of EGCG on intestinal IRI and explored the possible mechanisms. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated group (Sham), IRI control group (IRI) and IRI-EGCG group (EGCG). Rats in IRI-EGCG group were administered dissolved EGCG in drinking water (0.4 mg/mL) for 14 days prior to IRI induction. A rat model of intestinal IRI was established by ligating the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 1 h. Intestinal histology, pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators were examined and the effect of EGCG on PI3K/Akt signalling was assessed. EGCG significantly alleviated the pathological changes of the intestine and suppressed the IRI-induced up-regulation of TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 mRNA and protein expression in the serum and intestine. The mechanism might be that EGCG enhanced the activation of PI3K/Akt signalling pathway. In conclusion, the administration of EGCG can significantly mitigate the acute intestinal IRI in rats by enhancing the activation of PI3K/Akt signalling pathway to suppress inflammatory response and might be a promising alternative for the prevention or treatment of intestinal IRI in the clinical practice. © 2015, Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Wei L.,Institute of Organ Transplantation | Yang J.,Chengdu First Peoples Hospital | Wang M.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Xu S.-N.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2014

Cirrhotic rats show higher expression levels of hepatic RhoA and Rho-kinase than normal healthy rats, and the activation of this signaling pathway leads to portal hypertension. Sodium ferulate (SF) has been shown to decrease the production of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP), a substance essential for RhoA activation. In the present study, to investigate the effects of SF on fibrosis, portal hypertension and the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway, hepatic cirrhosis was induced in rats by bile duct ligation. Liver function and fibrogenesis-related biochemical parameters, the hepatic hydroxyproline content, the pathological characteristics of the liver sections and the levels of hepatic α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA; by immunohistochemistry) were analyzed to assess effects of SF on hepatic fibrosis. In addition, hepatic RhoA, Rho-kinase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression was examined by immunohistochemistry. Apoptosis in the SF-treated and SF + GGPP-treated rat primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and a human stellate cell line (LX-2) was examined by flow cytometry. Intrahepatic resistance and responsiveness to the α1-adrenoceptor agonist, methoxamine, were investigated by in situ liver perfusion. Treatment with SF did not affect fibrosis-related biochemical parameters or the hydroxyproline content; however, SF reduced the histological evidence of fibrosis and hepatocyte damage. The SF-treated rats had a significantly lower expression of α-SMA and Rho-kinase, as well as an increased hepatic eNOS content; however, SF did not affect RhoA expression. The SF-treated HSCs had a significantly increased apoptotic rate compared to the untreated rats. Following the addition of GGPP, the rate apoptotic rate decreased. SF reduced basal intrahepatic resistance and the responsiveness of hepatic vascular smooth muscle to methoxamine. Therefore, our data demonstrate that SF reduces fibrogenesis, decreases portal pressure in cirrhotic rats and inhibits the activation of the RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway.


Shi W.,Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan Provincial Peoples Hospital | Deng J.,Guangxi University | Tong R.,Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan Provincial Peoples Hospital | Yang Y.,Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan Provincial Peoples Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Mangiferin, which is a C-glucosylxanthone (1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone-C2-β-D-glucoside) purified from plant sources, has recently gained attention due to its various biological activities. The present study aimed to determine the apoptotic effects of mangiferin on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. In vitro studies demonstrated that mangiferin exerted growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects against A549 cells. In addition, mangiferin exhibited anti-tumor properties in A549 xenograft mice in vivo. Mangiferin triggered G2/M phase cell cycle arrest via downregulating the cyclin-dependent kinase 1-cyclin B1 signaling pathway, and induced apoptotic cell death by inhibiting the protein kinase C-nuclear factor-κB pathway. In addition, mangiferin was able to enhance the antiproliferative effects of cisplatin on A549 cells, thus indicating the potential for a combined therapy. Notably, mangiferin exerted anticancer effects in vivo, where it was able to markedly decrease the volume and weight of subcutaneous tumor mass, and expand the lifespan of xenograft mice. The present study clarified the molecular mechanisms underlying mangiferin-induced antitumor activities, and suggested that mangiferin may be considered a potential antineoplastic drug for the future treatment of cancer.


PubMed | Institute of Organ Transplantation
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban | Year: 2015

Inflammation plays a critical role in intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory effect. This study examined the effect of EGCG on intestinal IRI and explored the possible mechanisms. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated group (Sham), IRI control group (IRI) and IRI-EGCG group (EGCG). Rats in IRI-EGCG group were administered dissolved EGCG in drinking water (0.4 mg/mL) for 14 days prior to IRI induction. A rat model of intestinal IRI was established by ligating the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 1 h. Intestinal histology, pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators were examined and the effect of EGCG on PI3K/Akt signalling was assessed. EGCG significantly alleviated the pathological changes of the intestine and suppressed the IRI-induced up-regulation of TNF-, IL-1 and IL-6 mRNA and protein expression in the serum and intestine. The mechanism might be that EGCG enhanced the activation of PI3K/Akt signalling pathway. In conclusion, the administration of EGCG can significantly mitigate the acute intestinal IRI in rats by enhancing the activation of PI3K/Akt signalling pathway to suppress inflammatory response and might be a promising alternative for the prevention or treatment of intestinal IRI in the clinical practice.

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