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Sharafiddinov R.S.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Canadian Journal of Physics | Year: 2014

The mass of an electroweakly interacting neutrino consists of the electric and weak parts responsible for the existence of its charge, charge radius, and magnetic moment. Such connections explain the formation of paraneutrinos, for example, at the polarized neutrino electroweak scattering by spinless nuclei. We derive the structural equations that relate the self-components of mass to charge, charge radius, and magnetic moment of each neutrino as a consequence of unification of fermions of a definite flavor. They indicate the availability of neutrino universality and require following its logic in a constancy law dependence of the size implied from the multiplication of a weak mass of neutrino by its electric mass. According to this principle, all Dirac neutrinos of a vector nature, regardless of the difference in their masses, have the same charge, an identical charge radius, as well as an equal magnetic moment. Thereby, the possibility appears of establishing the laboratory limits of weak masses of the investigated types of neutrinos. Finding estimates show clearly that the earlier measured properties of these particles may testify in favor of the unified mass structure of their interaction with any of the corresponding types of gauge fields. © 2014 Published by NRC Research Press. Source

Sharafiddinov R.S.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Canadian Journal of Physics | Year: 2015

The unity of the structure of matter fields with flavor symmetry laws involves that the left-handed neutrino in the field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. These transitions together with classical solutions of the Dirac equation testify in favor of the unidenticality of masses, energies, and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. If we recognize such a difference in masses, energies, and momenta, accepting its ideas about that the left-handed neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino refer to long-lived leptons, and the right-handed neutrino and the left-handed antineutrino are short-lived fermions, we would follow the mathematical logic of the Dirac equation in the presence of the flavor symmetrical mass, energy, and momentum matrices. From their point of view, nature itself separates Minkowski space into left and right spaces concerning a certain middle dynamical line. Thereby, it characterizes any Dirac particle both by left and by right space-time coordinates. It is not excluded therefore that whatever the main purposes each of earlier experiments about sterile neutrinos, namely, about right-handed short-lived neutrinos may serve as the source of facts confirming the existence of a mirror Minkowski space-time. © 2015 Published by NRC Research Press. Source

Yavidov B.Ya.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
European Physical Journal B | Year: 2010

An interacting electron-phonon system is considered within the Extended Holstein model at strong coupling regime and nonadiabatic approximation. It is assumed that screening of an electron-phonon interaction is due to the excess electrons in a lattice. An influence of the screening on the mass and optical conductivity of a lattice polarons is studied. A more general form Yukawa-type electron-phonon interaction potential potential is accepted and corresponding forces are derived in a lattice. It is emphasized that the screening effect is more pronounced at the values of screening radius comparable with a lattice constant. It is shown that the mass of a lattice polaron obtained using Yukawa-type electron-phonon interaction potential is less renormalized than those of the early studied works at the same screening regime. Optical conductivity of lattice polarons is calculated at different screening regimes. The screening lowers the value of energy that corresponds to the peak of the optical conductivity curve. The shift (lowering) is more pronounced at small values of screening radius too. The factors that give rise to this shift is briefly discussed. © EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2010. Source

Von Oertzen W.,Helmholtz Center Berlin | Von Oertzen W.,Joint Institute for Nuclear Research | Nasirov A.K.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2014

The collinear cluster decay in 252Cf(sf, fff), with three cluster fragments of different masses (e.g. 132Sn, 52-48Ca, 68-72Ni), which has been observed by the FOBOS group in JINR, has established a new decay mode of heavy nuclei, the collinear cluster tripartition (CCT). The same type of ternary fission decay has been observed in the reaction 235U(nth, fff). This kind of "true ternary fission" of heavy nuclei has been predicted many times in theoretical works during the last decades. In the present note we discuss true ternary fission (TFFF) into three nuclei of almost equal size (e.g. Z = 98→Z i = 32, 34, 32) in the same systems. The possible fission channels are predicted from potential-energy (PES) calculations. These PES's show pronounced minima for several ternary fragmentation decays, e.g. for 252Cf(sf) and for 235U(nth, f). They suggest the existence of a variety of collinear ternary fission modes. The TFFF-decays chosen in this letter have very similar dynamical features as the previously observed collinear CCT-decays. The data obtained in the above mentioned experiments allow us to extract the yield for these TFFF-decays in both systems by using specific gates on the measured parameters. These yields are a few 1.0 {dot operator} 10 -6/(binaryfission). © 2014. Source

Nurmukhamedov A.M.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physics of Atomic Nuclei | Year: 2012

The Franzini-Radicati factor R was calculated on the basis of experimental data on the masses of nuclei in the mass-number range of 5 ≤ A ≤ 257. The values calculated for this factor made it possible to evaluate the degree of fulfillment of Wigner's SU(4) spin-isospin symmetry in nuclei. An expression for the factor R was obtained on the basis of Wigner's mass formula. This expression is isospin-dependent and takes into account odd-even variations in the mass. The formula for the factor R describes the separation of nuclei into threeWigner-type groups. The values calculated for the factor R were analyzed by the method of Student's t criterion, and it was inferred from the results of this analysis that only for nuclei having odd values of the mass number A and an isospin in the range of Tz ≥ 53/2 is broken Wigner's SU(4) spin-isospin symmetry restored, the confidence level being α = 0. 01. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

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