Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
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Fattoyev F.J.,Florida State University | Fattoyev F.J.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan | Piekarewicz J.,Florida State University
Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics | Year: 2011

Theoretical uncertainties in the predictions of relativistic mean-field models are estimated using a chi-square minimization procedure that is implemented by studying the small oscillations around the chi-square minimum. By diagonalizing the matrix of second derivatives, one gains access to a wealth of information-in the form of powerful correlations-that would normally remain hidden. We illustrate the power of the covariance analysis by using two relativistic mean-field models: (a) the original linear Walecka model and (b) the accurately calibrated FSUGold parametrization. In addition to providing meaningful theoretical uncertainties for both model parameters and predicted observables, the covariance analysis establishes robust correlations between physical observables. In particular, we show that, whereas the correlation coefficient between the slope of the symmetry energy and the neutron-skin thickness of lead is indeed very large, a 1% measurement of the neutron radius of lead may only be able to constrain the slope of the symmetry energy to about 30%. © 2011 American Physical Society.

Tereshchuk P.,University of Sao Paulo | Tereshchuk P.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan | Da Silva J.L.F.,University of Sao Paulo
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2012

Nowadays, there is a great interest in the economic success of direct-ethanol fuel cells; however, our atomistic understanding of the designing of stable and low-cost catalysts for the steam reforming of ethanol is still far from satisfactory, in particular due to the large number of undesirable intermediates. In this study, we will report a first-principles investigation of the adsorption properties of ethanol and water at low coverage on close-packed transition-metal (TM) surfaces, namely, Fe(110), Co(0001), Ni(111), Cu(111), Ru(0001), Rh(111), Pd(111), Ag(111), Os(0001), Ir(111), Pt(111), and Au(111), employing density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We employed the generalized gradient approximation with the formulation proposed by Perdew, Burke, and Erzenholf (PBE) to the exchange-correlation functional and the empirical correction proposed by S. Grimme (DFT+D3) for the van der Waals correction. We found that both adsorbates binds preferentially near or on the on-top sites of the TM surfaces through the O atoms. The PBE adsorption energies of ethanol and water decreases almost linearly with the increased occupation of the 4d and 5dd-band, while there is a deviation for the 3d systems. The van der Waals correction affects the linear behavior and increases the adsorption energy for both adsorbates, which is expected as the van der Waals energy due to the correlation effects is strongly underestimated by DFT-PBE for weak interacting systems. The geometric parameters for water/TM are not affected by the van der Waals correction, i.e., both DFT and DFT+D3 yield an almost parallel orientation for water on the TM surfaces; however, DFT+D3 changes drastically the ethanol orientation. For example, DFT yields an almost perpendicular orientation of the C-C bond to the TM surface, while the C-C bond is almost parallel to the surface using DFT+D3 for all systems, except for ethanol/Fe(110). Thus, the van der Waals correction decreases the distance of the C atoms to the TM surfaces, which might contribute to break the C-C bond. The work function decreases upon the adsorption of ethanol and water, and both follow the same trends, however, with different magnitude (larger for ethanol/TM) due to the weak binding of water to the surface. The electron density increases mainly in the region between the topmost layer and the adsorbates, which explains the reduction of the substrate work function. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Von Oertzen W.,Helmholtz Center Berlin | Von Oertzen W.,Joint Institute for Nuclear Research | Nasirov A.K.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2014

The collinear cluster decay in 252Cf(sf, fff), with three cluster fragments of different masses (e.g. 132Sn, 52-48Ca, 68-72Ni), which has been observed by the FOBOS group in JINR, has established a new decay mode of heavy nuclei, the collinear cluster tripartition (CCT). The same type of ternary fission decay has been observed in the reaction 235U(nth, fff). This kind of "true ternary fission" of heavy nuclei has been predicted many times in theoretical works during the last decades. In the present note we discuss true ternary fission (TFFF) into three nuclei of almost equal size (e.g. Z = 98→Z i = 32, 34, 32) in the same systems. The possible fission channels are predicted from potential-energy (PES) calculations. These PES's show pronounced minima for several ternary fragmentation decays, e.g. for 252Cf(sf) and for 235U(nth, f). They suggest the existence of a variety of collinear ternary fission modes. The TFFF-decays chosen in this letter have very similar dynamical features as the previously observed collinear CCT-decays. The data obtained in the above mentioned experiments allow us to extract the yield for these TFFF-decays in both systems by using specific gates on the measured parameters. These yields are a few 1.0 {dot operator} 10 -6/(binaryfission). © 2014.

Sharafiddinov R.S.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Canadian Journal of Physics | Year: 2015

The unity of the structure of matter fields with flavor symmetry laws involves that the left-handed neutrino in the field of emission can be converted into a right-handed one and vice versa. These transitions together with classical solutions of the Dirac equation testify in favor of the unidenticality of masses, energies, and momenta of neutrinos of the different components. If we recognize such a difference in masses, energies, and momenta, accepting its ideas about that the left-handed neutrino and the right-handed antineutrino refer to long-lived leptons, and the right-handed neutrino and the left-handed antineutrino are short-lived fermions, we would follow the mathematical logic of the Dirac equation in the presence of the flavor symmetrical mass, energy, and momentum matrices. From their point of view, nature itself separates Minkowski space into left and right spaces concerning a certain middle dynamical line. Thereby, it characterizes any Dirac particle both by left and by right space-time coordinates. It is not excluded therefore that whatever the main purposes each of earlier experiments about sterile neutrinos, namely, about right-handed short-lived neutrinos may serve as the source of facts confirming the existence of a mirror Minkowski space-time. © 2015 Published by NRC Research Press.

Sharafiddinov R.S.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Canadian Journal of Physics | Year: 2014

The mass of an electroweakly interacting neutrino consists of the electric and weak parts responsible for the existence of its charge, charge radius, and magnetic moment. Such connections explain the formation of paraneutrinos, for example, at the polarized neutrino electroweak scattering by spinless nuclei. We derive the structural equations that relate the self-components of mass to charge, charge radius, and magnetic moment of each neutrino as a consequence of unification of fermions of a definite flavor. They indicate the availability of neutrino universality and require following its logic in a constancy law dependence of the size implied from the multiplication of a weak mass of neutrino by its electric mass. According to this principle, all Dirac neutrinos of a vector nature, regardless of the difference in their masses, have the same charge, an identical charge radius, as well as an equal magnetic moment. Thereby, the possibility appears of establishing the laboratory limits of weak masses of the investigated types of neutrinos. Finding estimates show clearly that the earlier measured properties of these particles may testify in favor of the unified mass structure of their interaction with any of the corresponding types of gauge fields. © 2014 Published by NRC Research Press.

Nurmukhamedov A.M.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physics of Atomic Nuclei | Year: 2012

The Franzini-Radicati factor R was calculated on the basis of experimental data on the masses of nuclei in the mass-number range of 5 ≤ A ≤ 257. The values calculated for this factor made it possible to evaluate the degree of fulfillment of Wigner's SU(4) spin-isospin symmetry in nuclei. An expression for the factor R was obtained on the basis of Wigner's mass formula. This expression is isospin-dependent and takes into account odd-even variations in the mass. The formula for the factor R describes the separation of nuclei into threeWigner-type groups. The values calculated for the factor R were analyzed by the method of Student's t criterion, and it was inferred from the results of this analysis that only for nuclei having odd values of the mass number A and an isospin in the range of Tz ≥ 53/2 is broken Wigner's SU(4) spin-isospin symmetry restored, the confidence level being α = 0. 01. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Yavidov B.Ya.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
European Physical Journal B | Year: 2010

An interacting electron-phonon system is considered within the Extended Holstein model at strong coupling regime and nonadiabatic approximation. It is assumed that screening of an electron-phonon interaction is due to the excess electrons in a lattice. An influence of the screening on the mass and optical conductivity of a lattice polarons is studied. A more general form Yukawa-type electron-phonon interaction potential potential is accepted and corresponding forces are derived in a lattice. It is emphasized that the screening effect is more pronounced at the values of screening radius comparable with a lattice constant. It is shown that the mass of a lattice polaron obtained using Yukawa-type electron-phonon interaction potential is less renormalized than those of the early studied works at the same screening regime. Optical conductivity of lattice polarons is calculated at different screening regimes. The screening lowers the value of energy that corresponds to the peak of the optical conductivity curve. The shift (lowering) is more pronounced at small values of screening radius too. The factors that give rise to this shift is briefly discussed. © EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2010.

Khaydarov R.A.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan | Khaydarov R.R.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan | Gapurova O.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Water Research | Year: 2010

The paper deals with a novel method of obtaining nanocarbon-conjugated polymer nanocomposites (NCPC) using nanocarbon colloids (NCC) and polyethylenimine (PEI) for water purification from metal ions. Size of NCC, process of NCPC synthesis, its chemical characteristics, ratio of NCC and PEI in NCPC, speed of coagulation of NCPC, mechanism of interaction of metal ions with NCPC, ability of removing metal ions from water by NCPC against pH have been studied. NCPC has a bonding capacity of 4.0-5.7 mmol/g at pH 6 for most of the divalent metal ions. Percent of sorption of Zn2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Hg2+, Ni2+, Cr6+ ions is higher than 99%. Lifetime of NCPC before coagulation in the treated water is 1 s-1000 min and depends on the ratio of polymeric molecules and carbon nanoparticle concentrations. Results of laboratory tests of the method are described. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dzhumanov S.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan | Karimboev E.X.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2014

In this paper, we show that the pseudogap in the excitation spectra of high-Tc cuprates together with the impurity phase and charge inhomogeneity plays key roles in determining the essential features of their anomalous specific heat properties observed above Tc. We consider the doped cuprate superconductor as a multi-carrier model system (which consists of intrinsic and extrinsic polarons and pre-formed bosonic Cooper pairs) and study the competing pseudogap and impurity effects on the normal-state electronic specific heat of high-Tc cuprates taking into account charge inhomogeneities. We argue that unconventional electron-phonon interactions are responsible for the precursor Cooper pairing in the polaronic band below a mean-field temperature T*and the existence of a pseudogap above Tc in the cuprates. The electronic specific heat Ce(T) of doped cuprates below T* is calculated taking into account three contributions coming from the excited components of Cooper pairs, the ideal Bose-gas of incoherent Cooper pairs and the unpaired carriers in the impurity band. Above T*, two contributions to Ce(T) coming from the unpaired intrinsic and extrinsic polarons are calculated within the two-component degenerate Fermi-gas model. By comparing our results with the experimental Ce(T) data obtained for La- and Y-based cuprates, we find that the observed behaviors of Ce(T) (below and above T *) are similar to the calculated results for Ce(T) and the BCS-type jumps of Ce(T) at T* may be depressed by the impurity effects and may become more or less pronounced BCS-type anomalies in Ce(T). © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Baye D.,Free University of Colombia | Tursunov E.M.,Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2011

Some one-neutron halo nuclei can emit a proton in a β decay of the halo neutron. The branching ratio towards this rare decay mode is calculated within a two-body potential model of the initial core + neutron bound state and final core + proton scattering states. The decay probability per second is evaluated for the 11Be, 19C and 31Ne one-neutron halo nuclei. It is very sensitive to the neutron separation energy. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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