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Emanuele E.,University of Pavia | Lista S.,IRCCS Casimiro Mondino Institute of Neurology Foundation | Ghidoni R.,Proteomics Unit | Ghidoni R.,Irccs Centro S Giovanni Of Dio Fatebenefratelli | And 6 more authors.
Neurobiology of Aging | Year: 2011

Vascular risk factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The identification of a novel vascular disease susceptibility locus at 9p21.3 has recently generated great interest. In the present study, we sought to determine whether a common genetic variant (tagged by rs1333049, G/C) in the 9p21.3 locus-that has been previously linked to an increased vascular risk-might influence the susceptibility to vascular dementia (VaD) and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). A cohort of 200 VaD patients, 407 LOAD patients and 405 cognitively healthy controls were genotyped for rs1333049 using a fluorogenic 5' nuclease assay. The frequency of the C allele of rs1333049 was significantly higher in VaD (62.2%, P= 0.005) and LOAD (60.7%, P= 0.004) patients than in controls (53.6%). After adjustment for the APOE ε4 carrier status and other vascular risk factors, the C allele of rs1333049 remained significantly associated with both VaD (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.07-1.77, P< 0.01) and LOAD (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.04-1.55, P< 0.01). Altogether, our data indicate for the first time that the C allele of rs1333049 in the vascular disease susceptibility locus is associated with VaD and LOAD, independent of traditional risk factors and the APOE ε4 genotype. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. Source

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