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Moravský Beroun, Czech Republic

Peterson K.,Palacky University | Peterson K.,Institute of Diabetes | Chlup R.,Palacky University | Zapletalova J.,Palacky University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology

Background: The purpose of this prospective open-label trial was (1) to assess the influence of oral antidiabetic drugs (OAD) on the glycemic index (GI), glucose response curves (GRCs), daily mean plasma glucose (MPG) and (2) to compare the GI of foods in persons with OAD-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the respective GI in healthy persons (HP). Methods: Tested foods containing 50 g of carbohydrates were eaten for breakfast and dinner after 10 and 4 h of fasting, respectively. Glycemic index, GRC, and MPG were obtained using the CGMS® System Gold™ (CGMS). In T2DM patients [n = 16; age (mean ± standard error) 56.0 ± 2.25 years], foods were tested four times: tests 1, 2, and 3 were performed within one week in which placebo was introduced on day 2, and test 4 was carried out five weeks after reintroduction of OAD. Glycemic indexes, GRC, and MPG from tests 1, 2, 3, and 4 were compared. In a control group of 20 HP (age 24.4 ± 0.71 years), the mean GIs were calculated as the mean from 20 subject-related GIs. Results: In T2DM patients, subject-related assessment of GIs, GRC, and MPG distinguished persons with and without OAD effect. Nevertheless, the group-related GIs and the MPG on days 2, 8, and 39 showed no significant difference. There was no significant difference between the GIs in OAD-treated T2DM patients (test 4) versus HP (except in apple baby food). Glucose response curves were significantly larger in T2DM patients (test 4) versus HP. Conclusions: Determination of GRC and subject-related GI using the CGMS appears to be a potential means for the evaluation of efficacy of OAD treatment. Further studies are underway. © Diabetes Technology Society. Source

Chlup R.,Palacky University | Doubravova B.,Institute of Neurology and Geriatrics | Peterson K.,Palacky University | Zapletalova J.,Palacky University | Bartek J.,Palacky University
Acta Diabetologica

Conventional glucometer systems for plasma/blood glucose monitoring are based on colorimetry or static electrochemistry using a fixed input signal. The recent glucometer Linus, Wellion, Agamatrix, USA, based on wavesense dynamic electrochemistry, uses a time-varying input signal to give a more accurate glucose reading. The purpose of this study was to compare the plasma glucose (PG) readings obtained by nursing staff from glucometer Linus and PG values estimated on an approved analyzer Daytona™, Randox, Global Medical Instrumentation, Inc., MN, USA. In the course of 5 weeks, 221 fingerprick capillary blood samples were taken from persons with diabetes at different times and investigated using glucometer Linus. Within two following minutes, blood from the same fingerprick was also collected in a tube and centrifuged; the plasma was analyzed on the Daytona™ analyzer. Statistical analysis was performed using the software SPSS v. 15.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. A total of 221 paired PG values were plotted on the error grid diagram indicating that 218 values (98.6%) of the glucose readings (Linus vs. Daytona) were within the clinically accurate zone A (maximum difference ±20%) and 3 values (1.4%) within the acceptable zone B. Daytona showed 4 PG values <4.2 mmol/l (75 mg/dl) and their difference of respective Linus readings was always <0.83 mmol/l (15 mg/dl). Correlation of results was strong (r = 0.992). Glucometer Linus readings correspond to the ISO and FDA standards. So, Linus appears to be an accurate device for PG-self-monitoring and clinical practice. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Chlup R.,Palacky University | Chlup R.,Institute of Neurology and Geriatrics | Krejci J.,BVT Technologies | O'Connell M.,Probe Scientific | And 10 more authors.
Biomedical Papers

Aim. The aim of this pilot study was to acquire insight into the parameters of glycaemic control, especially, (1) the time delay (lag phase) between plasma and tissue glucose concentrations in relation to rise and fall in glucose levels and (2) the rate of glucose increase and decrease. Methods. Four healthy people (HP), 4 people with type 1diabetes (DM1) and 4 with type 2 diabetes (DM2) underwent concurrent glucose measurements by means of (1) the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS-Medtronic), Medtronic-Minimed, CA, USA, calibrated by the glucometer Calla, Wellion, Austria, and, (2) the Beckman II analyser to measure glucose concentrations in venous plasma. Samples were taken on 4 consecutive days in the fasting state and 4 times after consumption of 50 g glucose. Carelink Personal, MS Excel, Maple and Mat lab were applied to plot the evolution of glucose concentration and analyse the results. The time difference between increase and decrease was calculated for HP, DM 1 and DM 2. Results. In DM1and DM2, glucose tolerance testing (GTT) resulted in slower transport of glucose into subcutaneous tissue than in HP where the lag phase lasted up to 12 min. The maximum increase/decrease rates in DM1 and DM2 vs HP were 0.25 vs < 0.1 mmol/L/min. Conclusion. CGMS is shown to provide reliable plasma glucose concentrations provided the system is calibrated during a steady state. The analysis of glucose change rates improves understanding of metabolic processes better than standard GTT. © 2015, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved. Source

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