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Gaiarsa J.-L.,British Petroleum | Gaiarsa J.-L.,Aix - Marseille University | Gaiarsa J.-L.,Inmed Institute Of Neurobiologie Of La Mediterranee | Kuczewski N.,British Petroleum | And 5 more authors.
Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2011

In the 1980s, Bowery and colleagues discovered the presence of a novel, bicuculline-resistant and baclofen-sensitive type of GABA receptor on peripheral nerve terminals, the GABA B receptor. Since this pioneering work, GABA B receptors have been identified in the Central Nervous System (CNS), where they provide an important inhibitory control of postsynaptic excitability and presynaptic transmitter release. GABA B receptors have been implicated in a number of important processes in the adult brain such as the regulation of synaptic plasticity and modulation of rhythmic activity. As a result of these studies, several potential therapeutic applications of GABA B receptor ligands have been identified. Recent advances have further shown that GABA B receptors play more than a classical inhibitory role in adult neurotransmission, and can in fact function as an important developmental signal early in life. Here we summarize current knowledge on the contribution of GABA B receptors to the construction and function of developing neuronal networks. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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