Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN

Athens, Greece

Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN

Athens, Greece

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Sansone A.,National Research Council Italy | Tolika E.,National Research Council Italy | Louka M.,Lipinutragen SRL | Sunda V.,Lipinutragen SRL | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are emerging health biomarkers, and in particular the ratio between palmitoleicacid (9cis-16:1) and palmitic acid (16:0) affords the delta-9 desaturase index that is increased in obesity. Recently, other positional and geometrical MUFA isomers belonging to the hexadecenoic family (C16 MUFA) were found in circulating lipids, such assapienicacid (6cis-16:1), palmitelaidicacid (9trans-16:1)and 6trans-16:1. In this work we report: i) the identification of sapienic acid as component of human erythrocyte membrane phospholipids with significant increase in morbidly obese patients (n = 50) compared with age-matched lean controls (n = 50); and ii) the first comparison of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids (PL) and plasma cholesteryl esters (CE) in morbidly obese patients highlighting that some of their fatty acid levels have opposite trends: increases of both palmitic and sapienic acids with the decrease of linoleic acid (9cis, 12cis-18:2, omega-6) in red blood cell (RBC) membrane PL were reversed in plasma CE, whereas the increase of palmitoleic acid was similar in both lipid species. Consequentially, desaturase enzymatic indexes gave different results, depending on the lipid class used for the fatty acid content. The fatty acid profile of morbidly obese subjects also showed significant increases of stearic acid (C18:0) and C20 omega-6, as well as decreases of oleic acid (9cis-18:1) and docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 omega-3) as compared with lean healthy controls. Trans monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids were also measured and found significantly increased in both lipid classes of morbidly obese subjects. These results highlight the C16 MUFA isomers as emerging metabolic marker provided that the assignment of the double bond position and geometry is correctly performed, thus identifying the corresponding lipidomic pathway. Since RBC membrane PL and plasma CE have different fatty acid trends, caution must also be used in the choice of lipid species for the interpretation of lipidomic profiles. © 2016 Sansone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Labropoulos A.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | Veziri C.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | Kapsi M.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | Pilatos G.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | And 7 more authors.
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2015

Membranes consisting of ultrathin, oriented, single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) micropores with a diameter of ∼4 Å were developed. c-Oriented AFI-type aluminophosphate (AlPO) films (AlPO4-5 and CoAPO-5), consisting of parallel channels 7.3 Å in diameter, were first fabricated by seeded growth on macroporous alumina supports, and used as templates for synthesis of CNTs inside the zeolitic channels by thermal treatment, utilizing the structure directing agent (amine) occluded in the channels as carbon source. Incorporation of CNTs inside the AFI channels altered the transport mechanism of all permeating gases tested, and imposed a substantial increase in their permeation rates, in comparison to the AlPO4-5 membrane, despite the pore size reduction due to nanotube growth. The enhancement of the permeation rates is attributed to repulsive potentials between gas molecules and occluded nanotubes, which limit adsorption strength and enhance diffusivity, coupled to the smooth SWCNT surface that enables fast diffusion through the nanotube interior. Separation ability, evaluated with respect to H2 and CO2 gases, was enhanced by using polysterene as defect-blocking medium on both AlPO and CNT/AlPO membranes and was preserved after CNT growth. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

Perdikaki A.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | Galeou A.,Institute of Biosciences and Applications | Pilatos G.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | Karatasios I.,Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology INN | And 4 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2016

Increased proliferation of antimicrobial resistance and new strains of bacterial pathogens severely impact current health, environmental, and technological developments, demanding design of novel, highly efficient antibacterial agents. Ag, Cu monometallic and Ag/Cu bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) were in situ grown on the surface of graphene, which was produced by chemical vapor deposition using ferrocene as precursor and further functionalized to introduce oxygen-containing surface groups. The antibacterial performance of the resulting hybrids was evaluated against Escherichia coli cells and compared through a series of parametrization experiments of varying metal type and concentration. It was found that both Ag- and Cu-based monometallic graphene composites significantly suppress bacterial growth, yet the Ag-based ones exhibit higher activity compared to that of their Cu-based counterparts. Compared with well-dispersed colloidal Ag NPs of the same metal concentration, Ag- and Cu-based graphene hybrids display weaker antibacterial activity. However, the bimetallic Ag/CuNP-graphene hybrids exhibit superior performance compared to that of all other materials tested, i.e., both the monometallic graphene structures as well as the colloidal NPs, achieving complete bacterial growth inhibition at all metal concentrations tested. This striking performance is attributed to the synergistic action of the combination of the two different metals that coexist on the surface as well as the enhancing role of the graphene support. © 2016 American Chemical Society.

Xaplanteris C.L.,Institute Of Nanoscience And Nanotechnology Inn | Xaplanteris S.C.,National Technical University of Athens
AIP Advances | Year: 2016

In the present manuscript enough observations and interpretations of three issues of Plasma Physics are presented. The first issue is linked to the common experimental confirmation of plasma waves which appear to be repeated in a standard way while there are also cases where plasma waves change to an unstable state or even to chaotic state. The second issue is associated with a mathematical analysis of the movement of a charged particle using the perturbation theory; which could be used as a guide for new researchers on similar issues. Finally, the suitability and applicability of the perturbation theory or the chaotic theory is presented. Although this study could be conducted on many plasma phenomena (e.g. plasma diffusion) or plasma quantities (e.g. plasma conductivity), here it was decided this study to be conducted on plasma waves and particularly on drift waves. This was because of the significance of waves on the plasmatic state and especially their negative impact on the thermonuclear fusion, but also due to the long-time experience of the plasma laboratory of Demokritos on drift waves. © 2016 Author(s).

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