Preston R.C.,Institute of Molecular Pharmacy |
Rabbani S.,Institute of Molecular Pharmacy |
Binder F.P.C.,Institute of Molecular Pharmacy |
Moes S.,University of Basel |
And 2 more authors.
Glycobiology | Year: 2014
The C-type lectin E-selectin mediates the rolling of circulating leukocytes on vascular endothelial cells during the inflammatory process. In numerous studies, the S128R mutation of the E-selectin was associated with cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases. There is evidence that the S128R E-selectin mutation leads to a loss in ligand specificity, thus increasing leukocyte recruitment. Apart from the natural tetrasaccharide ligand sialyl Lewisx (sLe x), it has previously been proposed that non-fucosylated carbohydrates also bind to S128R E-selectin. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of the antagonism of the E-selectin mutant, ligand specificity was reinvestigated on a molecular basis. We determined the ligand specificity of wild-type and S128R E-selectin in a target-based competitive assay, a glycan array screen and cell-based binding assays under static and flow conditions. Regarding ligand-specificity, the binding properties of S128R E-selectin were identical to those of wt E-selectin, i.e., no mutant-specific binding of 3′-sialyl-N-acetyllactosamine, heparin, fetuin and K562 cells was observed. Additionally, the binding affinities of glycomimetic E-selectin antagonists were identical for wt and S128R E-selectin. Overall, the previous reports on carbohydrate ligand promiscuity of S128R E-selectin could not be confirmed. © 2014 The Author 2014.
PubMed | Institute of Molecular Pharmacy
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology | Year: 2016
FimH is a bacterial lectin found at the tips of type1 pili of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). It mediates shear-enhanced adhesion to mannosylated surfaces. Binding of UPEC to urothelial cells initiates the infection cycle leading to urinary tract infections (UTIs). Antiadhesive glycomimetics based on -d-mannopyranose offer an attractive alternative to the conventional antibiotic treatment because they do not induce a selection pressure and are therefore expected to have a reduced resistance potential. Genetic variation of the fimH gene in clinically isolated UPEC has been associated with distinct mannose binding phenotypes. For this reason, we investigated the mannose binding characteristics of four FimH variants with mannose-based ligands under static and hydrodynamic conditions. The selected FimH variants showed individually different binding behavior under both sets of conditions as a result of the conformational variability of FimH. Clinically relevant FimH variants typically exist in a dynamic conformational equilibrium. Additionally, we evaluated inhibitory potencies of four FimH antagonists representing different structural classes. Inhibitory potencies of three of the tested antagonists were dependent on the binding phenotype and hence on the conformational equilibrium of the FimH variant. However, the squarate derivative was the notable exception and inhibited FimH variants irrespective of their binding phenotype. Information on antagonist affinities towards various FimH variants has remained largely unconsidered despite being essential for successful antiadhesion therapy.