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Krebs A.R.,University of Strasbourg | Demmers J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Karmodiya K.,University of Strasbourg | Chang N.-C.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | And 3 more authors.
EMBO Reports | Year: 2010

The Ada-Two-A-containing (ATAC) histone acetyltransferase and Mediator coactivator complexes regulate independent and distinct steps during transcription initiation and elongation. Here, we report the identification of a new stable molecular assembly formed between the ATAC and Mediator complexes in mouse embryonic stem cells. Moreover, we identify leucine zipper motif-containing protein 1 as a subunit of this meta-coactivator complex (MECO). Finally, we demonstrate that the MECO regulates a subset of RNA polymerase II-transcribed non-coding RNA genes. Our findings establish that transcription coactivator complexes can form stable subcomplexes to facilitate their combined actions on specific target genes. © 2010 European Molecular Biology Organization.

Yang M.-H.,National Yang Ming University | Yang M.-H.,Taipei Veterans General Hospital | Hsu D.S.-S.,National Yang Ming University | Wang H.-W.,National Yang Ming University | And 14 more authors.
Nature Cell Biology | Year: 2010

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), one of the main mechanisms underlying development of cancer metastasis, induces stem-like properties in epithelial cells. Bmi1 is a polycomb-group protein that maintains self-renewal, and is frequently overexpressed in human cancers. Here, we show the direct regulation of BMI1 by the EMT regulator, Twist1. Furthermore, Twist1 and Bmi1 were mutually essential to promote EMT and tumour-initiating capability. Twist1 and Bmi1 act cooperatively to repress expression of both E-cadherin and p16INK4a. In patients with head and neck cancers, increased levels of both Twist1 and Bmi1 correlated with downregulation of E-cadherin and p16INK4a, and was associated with the worst prognosis. These results suggest that Twist1-induced EMT and tumour-initiating capability in cancer cells occurs through chromatin remodelling, which leads to unfavourable clinical outcomes. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Jereb M.,University of Ljubljana | Pecaver B.,University of Ljubljana | Tomazic J.,University of Ljubljana | Muzlovic I.,University of Ljubljana | And 2 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

A 36-year-old woman acquired severe human granulocytic anaplasmosis after blood transfusion following a cesarean section. Although intensive treatment with mechanical ventilation was needed, the patient had an excellent recovery. Disease caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection was confirmed in 1 blood donor and in the transfusion recipient.

Pirs M.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology
Euro surveillance : bulletin européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin | Year: 2011

We report the first documented case of OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Slovenia isolated from rectal surveillance cultures from a patient transferred from Libya. The patient was colonised with both ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and ESBL- and OXA-48-producing K. pneumoniae. Three further patients were colonised with ESBL-producing E. coli. This underscores the importance of an early warning system on European level and screening upon admission of patients transferred across borders and between healthcare systems.

Smrdel K.S.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Petrovec M.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Furlan S.L.,University of Ljubljana | Zupanc T.A.,Institute of Microbiology and Immunology
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology | Year: 2012

Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an emerging tick-borne pathogen. Great genetic diversity of A. phagocytophilum has been described in animals and ticks. The present study is focused on the genetic variability of the groESL operon of A. phagocytophilum in human patients in Slovenia. During 1996-2008, there were 66 serologically confirmed patients with human granulocytic anaplasmosis. Of these, 46 were tested with a screening PCR for a small part of the 16S rRNA gene of A. phagocytophilum and 28 (60.9%) were positive. Positive samples were additionally tested with a PCR targeting the groESL operon and a larger fragment of the 16S rRNA gene. All amplicons were further sequenced and analyzed. The homology search and the alignment of the groESL sequences showed only one genetic variant. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene revealed 100% identity among amplicons. Slovenia is a small country with diverse climate, vegetation, and animal representatives. In previous studies in deer, dogs, and ticks, great diversity of the groESL operon was found. In contrast, in wild boar and in human patients from this study, only one genetic variant was detected. The results suggest that only one genetic variant might be pathogenic for humans or is competent enough to replicate in humans. To support this theory, other genetic markers and further studies need to be performed. © 2011 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

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