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Llorens F.,Institute Of Bioenginyeria Of Catalonia Ibec | Llorens F.,University of Barcelona | Llorens F.,CIBER ISCIII | Banez-Coronel M.,Genetic Causes of Disease Group | And 11 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding regulatory RNAs that control gene expression usually producing translational repression and gene silencing. High-throughput sequencing technologies have revealed heterogeneity at length and sequence level for the majority of mature miRNAs (IsomiRs). Most isomiRs can be explained by variability in either Dicer1 or Drosha cleavage during miRNA biogenesis at 5' or 3' of the miRNA (trimming variants). Although isomiRs have been described in different tissues and organisms, their functional validation as modulators of gene expression remains elusive. Here we have characterized the expression and function of a highly abundant miR-101 5'-trimming variant (5'-isomiR-101).Results: The analysis of small RNA sequencing data in several human tissues and cell lines indicates that 5'-isomiR-101 is ubiquitously detected and a highly abundant, especially in the brain. 5'-isomiR-101 was found in Ago-2 immunocomplexes and complementary approaches showed that 5'-isomiR-101 interacted with different members of the silencing (RISC) complex. In addition, 5'-isomiR-101 decreased the expression of five validated miR-101 targets, suggesting that it is a functional variant. Both the binding to RISC members and the degree of silencing were less efficient for 5'-isomiR-101 compared with miR-101. For some targets, both miR-101 and 5'-isomiR-101 significantly decreased protein expression with no changes in the respective mRNA levels. Although a high number of overlapping predicted targets suggest similar targeted biological pathways, a correlation analysis of the expression profiles of miR-101 variants and predicted mRNA targets in human brains at different ages, suggest specific functions for miR-101- and 5'-isomiR-101.Conclusions: These results suggest that isomiRs are functional variants and further indicate that for a given miRNA, the different isomiRs may contribute to the overall effect as quantitative and qualitative fine-tuners of gene expression. © 2013 Llorens et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

De Cid R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | De Cid R.,INTEGRARE Research Unit | De Cid R.,Institute Of Medicina Predictiva I Personalitzada Del Cancer | Ben Yaou R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 29 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2015

Objective: To identify the genetic defects present in 3 families with muscular dystrophy, contractures, and calpain 3 deficiency. Methods: We performed targeted exome sequencing on one patient presenting a deficiency in calpain 3 on Western blot but for which mutations in the gene had been excluded. The identification of a homozygous truncating mutation in the M-line part of titin prompted us to sequence this region in 2 additional patients presenting similar clinical and biochemical characteristics. Results: The 3 patients shared similar features: coexistence of limb-girdle weakness and early-onset diffuse joint contractures without cardiomyopathy. The biopsies showed rimmed vacuoles, a dystrophic pattern, and secondary reduction in calpain 3. We identified a novel homozygous mutation in the exon Mex3 of the TTN gene in the first patient. At protein level, this mutation introduces a stop codon at the level of Mex3. Interestingly, we identified truncating mutations in both alleles in the same region of the TTN gene in patients from 2 additional families. Molecular protein analyses confirm loss of the C-ter part of titin. Conclusions: Our study broadens the phenotype of titinopathies with the report of a new clinical entity with prominent contractures and no cardiac abnormality and where the recessive mutations lead to truncation of the M-line titin and secondary calpain 3 deficiency. © 2015 American Academy of Neurology. Source

Azuara D.,Hospital Universitari Bellvitge | Rodriguez-Moranta F.,Hospital Universitari Bellvitge | De Oca J.,Hospital Universitari Bellvitge | Soriano-Izquierdo A.,Hospital Universitari Bellvitge | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer | Year: 2010

Background: Previous studies showed that the assessment of promoter hypermethylation of a limited number of genes in tumor biopsies may identify the majority of colorectal tumors. This study aimed to assess the clinical usefulness of a panel of methylation biomarkers in stool DNA in the identification of colorectal tumors, using methylation-specific melting curve analysis (MS-MCA), a technique that simultaneously analyzes all cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) residues within a promoter. Materials and Methods: The promoter methylation status of 4 tumor-related genes (RARB2, p16 INK4a, MGMT, and APC) was analyzed in DNA stool samples and corresponding tissues in an initial set of 12 patients with newly diagnosed primary colorectal carcinomas and 20 patients with newly diagnosed colorectal adenomas, using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. Results were replicated in a set of 82 patients (20 healthy subjects, 16 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), 20 patients with adenomas, and 26 patients with carcinomas), using MS-MCA analyses. Results: In the initial set, ≥ 1 positive methylation marker was detected in the stools of 9 of 12 patients (75%) with carcinomas and 12 of 20 patients (60%) with adenomas, with no false-positive results. Stool analyses missed 7 methylated lesions (25%). In the replication set, stool DNA testing detected 16 of 26 carcinomas (62%) and 8 of 20 adenomas (40%). The MS-MCAs missed 14 methylated tumors (37%). No aberrant methylation was evident in healthy subjects, but the RARB2 marker was positive in 2 of 15 stool samples (13%) of patients with IBD. Conclusion: Analysis via MS-MCA of a panel of methylation markers in stool DNA may offer a good alternative in the early, noninvasive detection of colorectal tumors. Source

Crosas E.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Sumoy L.,University Pompeu Fabra | Sumoy L.,Institute Of Medicina Predictiva I Personalitzada Del Cancer | Gonzalez E.,University Pompeu Fabra | And 6 more authors.
FEBS Journal | Year: 2015

The yeast ζ-crystallin (Zta1p) is a quinone oxidoreductase belonging to the ζ-crystallin family, with activity in the reduction of alkenal/alkenone compounds. Various biological functions have been ascribed to the members of this protein family, such as their ability to interact specifically with AU-rich sequences in mRNA, and thus they have been proposed to act as AU-rich element-binding proteins (AREBPs). In this study, we evaluated the specificity of Zta1p for RNA versus DNA by means of a novel nonisotopic method for the in vitro quantitative detection of protein·RNA complexes. Through comparative transcriptomic analysis, we found that the lack of Zta1p negatively affects the expression of a group of genes involved in amino acid biosynthesis, the argininosuccinate lyase (ARG4) gene being one of them. Here, we propose that Zta1p participates in the post-transcriptional regulation of ARG4 expression by increasing the ARG4 mRNA half-life. In addition, expression of the ζ-crystallin gene (ZTA1) is itself regulated by nutrient availability through the general amino acid control and target of rapamycin pathways. Our results shed new light on the ζ-crystallin family members from yeast to humans as stress response proteins with a bifunctional role in the detoxification of alkenal and alkenone compounds, and the regulation of gene expression. © 2015 FEBS. Source

Pros E.,Institute Catala Doncologia Institute Dinvestigacio Biomedica Of Bellvitge | Fernandez-Rodriguez J.,Institute Catala Doncologia Institute Dinvestigacio Biomedica Of Bellvitge | Benito L.,Institute Catala Doncologia Institute Dinvestigacio Biomedica Of Bellvitge | Ravella A.,Servei de Dermatologia | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2010

Neurofibromatosis type 1 is one of the most common neurocutaneous autosomal dominant disorders. It is caused by mutations in the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene and approximately 30-40% of them affect the correct splicing of NF1 pre-mRNA. In this report, we evaluate the effect of five different drugs, previously found to modify splicing in several genetic disorders, on the splicing of mutated NF1 alleles. For this purpose, cell lines derived from patients bearing 19 different NF1-splicing defects were used. Our results showed that kinetin partially corrects the splicing defect in four of the studied mutations (c.910C > T, c.3113G > A, c.6724C > T and c.6791dupA). Our study is a valuable contribution to the field because it identifies new exon-skipping events that can be reversed by kinetin treatment and provides new information about kinetin splicing modulation. However, owing to the nature of mutations in our patients, kinetin treatment could not be used as a therapeutic agent in these cases. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

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