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Beer-Ljubic B.,University of Zagreb | Aladrovic J.,University of Zagreb | Milinkovic-Tur S.,University of Zagreb | Lazarus M.,Institute of Medical Research and Occupational Health | Pusic I.,Ministry of Environmental Protection
Archiv fur Tierzucht | Year: 2012

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of organic selenium dietary supplementation on serum and tissue lipid composition after fattening period and after 48 h fasting in fattening chicken. The study was performed in the Ross hybrid line chicken divided into two groups: control group fed standard diet and Sel Plex group fed standard diet supplemented with 0.3 ppm organic selenium. Blood, liver, intestine and adipose tissue samples were taken upon fattening completion and after 48 h fasting. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triacylglycerol and lipoprotein concentrations were determined in serum, whereas total and free cholesterol, triacylglycerol, lipid peroxide and selenium concentrations and glutathione peroxidase activity (GSH-Px) were determined in tissue samples. During fattening period, the correlation of organic selenium with lipid metabolism manifested as decreased concentrations of serum triacylglycerols and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) (P<0.05), liver triacylglycerols (P<0.05), adipose tissue cholesterol (P<0.05) and small intestine cholesterol (P<0.05), and reduced lipid peroxidation (P<0.05). Upon chicken exposure to 48 h fasting, organic selenium supplementation resulted in increased free cholesterol concentration in adipose tissue (P<0.05), GSH-Px activity in the liver (P<0.05), and selenium (P<0.05) accumulation in the liver. © Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, Germany.

Zeneli L.,University of Prishtina | Sekovanic A.,Institute of Medical Research and Occupational Health | Daci N.,University of Prishtina
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering | Year: 2015

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of exposure to aluminum, nickel, thallium and uranium on the metabolism of essential elements in humans, as well as the relationship between uranium, thallium, nickel, and aluminum and essential elements (Ca, Mg, Zn, Se, Mn, Co, Cr, and Mo) in the whole blood and blood serum of healthy men who were occupationally exposed. This study included 97 healthy men, 31-64 years age, including 70 workers in a thermo power plant and 27 control subjects. The results showed that chronic, moderate exposure of trace elements (Al, Ni, Tl, and U) lead to decreased serum chromium (SCr) and blood molybdenum levels (BMo), whereas by the results achieved in terms of correlations between non-essential and essential elements, non-essential elements such as uranium, thallium, nickel, and aluminum, despite their concentration within the reference values, are strongly competitive with essential elements in biochemical processes. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Matic-Skoko S.,Croatian Institute Of Oceanography And Fisheries | Ferri J.,University of Split | Tutman P.,Croatian Institute Of Oceanography And Fisheries | Skaramuca D.,University of Dubrovnik | And 4 more authors.
Marine Biology Research | Year: 2012

This study determined basic biological data for the European conger eel Conger conger (L.) population in the coastal waters of the eastern Adriatic Sea. Juveniles and immature females dominated the coastal population, whereas males were relatively uncommon. The population structure determined by the study suggested spatial separation of sexes and spawning grounds in deeper waters. Both edge-type and marginal increment analyses confirmed the formation of a single growth annulus per year on the ground otoliths. The observed maximum age of the coastal conger eels was 8 years, although most of the sampled fish were 5 years old. The estimated parameters of the von Bertalanffy growth model suggested that the growth of the conger eels was relatively slow. C. conger is an opportunistic predator. Its diet was composed primarily of fishes, followed by crustaceans and cephalopods. Due to the evident site fidelity of the species, the wide prey spectrum of the conger eels (33 taxa) reflected the local benthic community structure. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Zeneli L.,University of Prishtina | Sekovanic A.,Institute of Medical Research and Occupational Health | Ajvazi M.,University of Prishtina | Kurti L.,University of Prishtina | Daci N.,University of Prishtina
Environmental Geochemistry and Health | Year: 2016

Humans are exposed to different stress factors that are responsible for over-production of reactive oxygen species. Exposure to heavy metals is one of these factors. The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of chronic exposure to heavy metals through coal flying ash on the efficiency of antioxidative defensive mechanisms, represented by the activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and ascorbic acid. Nonessential elements such as arsenic and mercury levels showed a significant increase (p > 0.001) in the power plant workers rather than in the control subjects. There were no significant differences of blood cadmium between power plant workers and control subjects. We found a significant positive correlation (p < 0.05) between BAs/SZn (r = 0.211), BAs/BSe (r = 0.287), BCd/SCu (r = 0.32) and BHg/BSe (r = 0.263) in the plant workers. Red blood cell antioxidant enzymes and plasma ascorbic acid were significantly lower in power plants workers than in the control group (p < 0.002). We can conclude that levels of mercury, arsenic and cadmium in blood, despite their concentration within the reference values, significantly affect plasma ascorbic acid concentration, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activity, which are able to increase the risk of oxidative stress. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Klaric M.S.,University of Zagreb | Darabos D.,University of Zagreb | Rozgaj R.,Institute of Medical Research and Occupational Health | Kasuba V.,Institute of Medical Research and Occupational Health | Pepeljnjak S.,University of Zagreb
Archives of Toxicology | Year: 2010

This study was aimed at investigating the genotoxic potential of single beauvericin (BEA) and ochratoxin A (OTA) as well as their interaction in porcine kidney epithelial PK15 cells and human leukocytes using the alkaline comet assay. IC50 of BEA (5.0 ± 0.6) and OTA (15.8 ± 1.5) estimated by MTT reduction assay shows that BEA is three times more toxic than OTA. BEA (0.1 and 0.5 μM) and OTA (1 and 5 μM) were applied alone or in combination of these concentrations for 1 and 24 h in PK15 cells and human leukocytes. Genotoxicity of these toxins to PK15 cells was time- and concentration dependent. After 1 h, significant increase in tail length, tail intensity, tail moment, and abnormal sized tails (AST) was noted upon exposure to 1 μM of OTA alone and BEA + OTA combinations. Single BEA (0.5 μM) and OTA (1 and 5 μM) and their combinations evoked significant DNA damage in PK15 cells, considering all comet tail parameters measured after 24 h of treatment. Human leukocytes were slightly concentration but not time dependent. After 1 h of exposure, there were no significant changes in the tail length. Tail intensity, tail moment, and/or incidence of AST were significantly higher in cells treated with single OTA or BEA and their combinations than in control cells. DNA damage in leukocytes was significantly higher after 24 h of exposure to single toxins and their combinations, considering all comet tail parameters, but these changes were less pronounced than in PK15 cells. Combined toxins showed additive and synergistic effects in PK15 cells, while only additive effects were observed in human leukocytes. Combined prolonged exposure to BEA and OTA in subcytotoxic concentrations through food consumption could induce DNA damage contributing to the carcinogenicity in animals and humans. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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