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Mikulova V.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | Cabinakova M.,Charles University | Janatkova I.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | Mestek O.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague | And 2 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation | Year: 2014

Introduction. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detection prior to and during therapy is considered as an independent and strong prognostic marker. The present study was designed to isolate and characterize CTCs in peripheral blood of an early breast cancer (BC) patient as a biomarker for monitoring treatments efficacy. Materials and methods. In total, 54 early breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant chemotherapy regimens were enrolled into a prospective study. CTC detection in blood was performed by AdnaTest BreastCancer™ (AdnaGen AG, Germany), which is based on the detection of EpCAM, HER2 and MUC1 specific transcripts in enriched CTC-lysates. Additionally, cDNA from isolated CTCs and PBMC was used for qPCR gene expression analysis of TOP1, TOP2A, CTSD, ST6, CK19 and reference gene actin. Results. We found that CTCs can be detected in the peripheral blood of approximately 31% of early stage breast cancer patients. The presence of CTCs was detected in 36% ER positive, 32% PR positive and 30% HER2 positive patients. We found no correlation between CTCs and tumor size, tumor grade, histological grade and receptor status. Only 7% of all patients remained CTCs positive after adjuvant therapy. Gene expression analysis revealed a particular heterogeneity of the studied genes. Conclusions. In conclusion, CTC detection may be a promising early marker of disease progression potentially enhancing the difficult therapeutic decisions. Further studies should, however, clearly demonstrate its utility for both the prediction of outcome and monitoring the effect of treatment. © 2014 Informa Healthcare.


Kvasnicka T.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | Hajkova J.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | Bobcikova P.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | Cverhova V.,Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics | And 7 more authors.
Physiological Research | Year: 2014

The primary aim was to determine frequencies of mutations related to risk of venous thrombosis in healthy Caucasians in Central Bohemia. In a cohort of 1527 healthy individuals the frequency of risk alleles for the mutations FV Leiden and FII 20210G>A was 4.5 % and 1.3 %, respectively. Frequency of 4G PAI-1 allele was 55.5 %. Genotype frequencies were: GG 91.03 %, GA 8.91 %, and AA 0.07 % for FV Leiden; GG 97.45 %, GA 2.49 %, and AA 0.07 % for FII 20210G>A; 4G/4G 30.26 %, 4G/5G 50.56 %, and 5G/5G 19.19 % for PAI-1. Frequency of the risk allele A in polymorphism SERPINC1 (IVS +141G >A) was 11.3 %, and frequencies of genotypes were as follows: GG 78.36 %, GA 20.66 %, and AA 0.98 %. Frequency of the risk allele T for polymorphism GP6 13254T>C was 87.7 %, and frequencies of genotypes were as follows: TT 77.14 %, TC 21.15 %, and CC 1.70 %. Frequency of the risk allele A in polymorphism CYP4V2 (Lys259Gln) was 65.2 %, and frequencies of genotypes were: CC 12.25 %, CA 45.12 %, and AA 42.63 %. All observed genotypes and alleles frequencies were without gender differences. Their occurrences confirm a relatively high prevalence of hereditary thrombophilia predisposition in the Czech Republic.© 2014 Institute of Physiology v.v.i., Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.


PubMed | Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation | Year: 2014

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detection prior to and during therapy is considered as an independent and strong prognostic marker. The present study was designed to isolate and characterize CTCs in peripheral blood of an early breast cancer (BC) patient as a biomarker for monitoring treatments efficacy.In total, 54 early breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant chemotherapy regimens were enrolled into a prospective study. CTC detection in blood was performed by AdnaTest BreastCancer() (AdnaGen AG, Germany), which is based on the detection of EpCAM, HER2 and MUC1 specific transcripts in enriched CTC-lysates. Additionally, cDNA from isolated CTCs and PBMC was used for qPCR gene expression analysis of TOP1, TOP2A, CTSD, ST6, CK19 and reference gene actin.We found that CTCs can be detected in the peripheral blood of approximately 31% of early stage breast cancer patients. The presence of CTCs was detected in 36% ER positive, 32% PR positive and 30% HER2 positive patients. We found no correlation between CTCs and tumor size, tumor grade, histological grade and receptor status. Only 7% of all patients remained CTCs positive after adjuvant therapy. Gene expression analysis revealed a particular heterogeneity of the studied genes.In conclusion, CTC detection may be a promising early marker of disease progression potentially enhancing the difficult therapeutic decisions. Further studies should, however, clearly demonstrate its utility for both the prediction of outcome and monitoring the effect of treatment.

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