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Joo S.,University of Ulsan | Kim K.H.,Interdisciplinary Program | Kim H.C.,Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering | Chung T.D.,Seoul National University
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2010

A portable microfluidic flow cytometer with dual detection ability of impedance and fluorescence was developed for cell analysis and particle-based assays. In the proposed system, fluorescence from microparticles and cells is measured through excitation by a light emitting diode (LED) and detection by a solid-stated photomultiplier (SSPM). Simultaneous impedometric detection provides information on the existence and size of microparticles and cells through polyelectrolyte gel electrodes (PGEs) operated by custom designed circuits for signal detection, amplification, and conversion. Fluorescence and impedance signals were sampled at 1 kHz with 12 bit resolution. The resulting microfluidic cytometer is 15 × 10 × 10 cm3 in width, depth, and height, with a weight of about 800 g. Such a miniaturized and battery powered system yielded a portable microfluidic cytometer with high performance. Various microbeads and human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK-293) cells were employed to evaluate the system. Impedance and fluorescence signals from each bead or cell made classification of micro particles or cells easy and fast. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Suner S.,Lulea University of Technology | Joffe R.,Lulea University of Technology | Tipper J.L.,Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering | Emami N.,Lulea University of Technology
Composites Part B: Engineering | Year: 2015

Numerous carbon nanostructures have been investigated in the last years due to their excellent mechanical properties. In this work, the effect of the addition of graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles to UHMWPE and the optimal %wt GO addition were investigated. UHMWPE/GO nanocomposites with different GO wt% contents were prepared and their mechanical, thermal, structural and wettability properties were investigated and compared with virgin UHMWPE. The results showed that the thermal stability, oxidative resistance, mechanical properties and wettability properties of UHMWPE were enhanced due to the addition of GO. UHMWPE/GO materials prepared with up to 0.5 wt% GO exhibited improved characteristics compared to virgin UHMWPE and nanocomposites prepared with higher GO contents. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Yoon C.,Seoul National University | Lee J.,Seoul National University | Kim K.,Seoul National University | Kim H.C.,Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering | Chung S.G.,Seoul National University
PM and R | Year: 2015

Objective: To develop a simple method of quantifying dynamic lumbar stability by evaluating postural changes of the lumbar spine during a wall plank-and-roll (WPR) activity while maintaining maximal trunk rigidity. Design: A descriptive, exploratory research with a convenience sample. Setting: A biomechanics laboratory of a tertiary university hospital. Participants: Sixteen healthy young subjects (8 men and 8 women; 30.7 ± 6.8 years old) and 3 patients (2 men 46 and 50 years old; 1 woman 54 years old) with low back pain (LBP). Methods: The subjects performed the WPR activity with 2 inertial sensors attached on the thoracic spine and sacrum. Relative angles between the sensors were calculated to characterize lumbar posture in 3 anatomical planes: axial twist (AT), kyphosis-lordosis (KL), or lateral bending (LB). Isokinetic truncal flexion and extension power were measured. Main Outcome Measures: AT, KL, and LB were compared between the initial plank and maximal roll positions. Angular excursions were compared between males and females and between rolling sides, and tested for correlation with isokinetic truncal muscle power. Patterns and consistencies of the lumbar postural changes were determined. Lumbar postural changes of each patient were examined in the aspects of pattern and excursion, considering those from the healthy subjects as reference. Results: AT, KL, and LB were significantly changed from the initial plank to the maximal roll position (P < .01); that is, the thoracic spine rotated further, lumbar lordosis increased, and the thoracic spine was bent away from the wall by 6.9° ± 12.0°, 9.5° ± 6.5°, and 7.9° ± 4.9°, respectively. The patterns and amounts of lumbar postural changes were not significantly different between the rolling sides or between male and female participants, except that the excursion in AT was larger on the dominant rolling side. The excursions were not related to isokinetic truncal muscle power. The 3 LBP patients showed varied deviations in pattern and excursion from the average of the healthy subjects. Conclusions: Certain amounts and patterns of lumbar postural changes were observed in healthy young subjects, with no significant variations based on gender, rolling side, or truncal muscle power. Application of the evaluation on LBP patients revealed prominent deviations from the healthy postural changes, suggesting potential clinical applicability. Therefore, with appropriate development and case stratification, we believe that the quantification of lumbar postural changes during WPR activity can be used to assess dynamic lumbar stability in clinical practice. © 2015 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Source

Park E.-J.,Kookmin University | Cho J.,Kookmin University | Kim J.C.,Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering | Hur D.S.,NanoEnTek Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, B | Year: 2010

Our study aims to understand the flow of liquid in an open-top rectangular microchannel that can be used in micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS) because it has advantages in terms of light transmission and energy efficiency. We measured the liquid velocity using particle tracking technique and conducted a simulation with computational fluid dynamics by altering the area of channel cross section and channel length for the capillary-driven flow in the open-top rectangular microchannel. When liquid water drops to an entrance of the fabricated microchannel with a height of 20 μm and a width of 20 μm, it flows along the microchannel by only capillary force. In the wetting behavior of the liquid, important parameters of this flow are channel size, contact angle and liquid properties such as surface tension and viscosity, which are used to control the flow of liquid in the microchannel. Source

Han D.,Seoul National University | Han D.,Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering | Moon S.,Seoul National University | Kim Y.,Seoul National University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012

Type 2 diabetes results from aberrant regulation of the phosphorylation cascade in beta-cells. Phosphorylation in pancreatic beta-cells has not been examined extensively, except with regard to subcellular phosphoproteomes using mitochondria. Thus, robust, comprehensive analytical strategies are needed to characterize the many phosphorylated proteins that exist, because of their low abundance, the low stoichiometry of phosphorylation, and the dynamic regulation of phosphoproteins. In this study, we attempted to generate data on a large-scale phosphoproteome from the INS-1 rat pancreatic beta-cell line using linear ion trap MS/MS. To profile the phosphoproteome in-depth, we used comprehensive phosphoproteomic strategies, including detergent-based protein extraction (SDS and SDC), differential sample preparation (in-gel, in-solution digestion, and FASP), TiO 2 enrichment, and MS replicate analyses (MS2-only and multiple-stage activation). All spectra were processed and validated by stringent multiple filtering using target and decoy databases. We identified 2467 distinct phosphorylation sites on 1419 phosphoproteins using 4 mg of INS-1 cell lysate in 24 LC-MS/MS runs, of which 683 (27.7%) were considered novel phosphorylation sites that have not been characterized in human, mouse, or rat homologues. Our informatics data constitute a rich bioinformatics resource for investigating the function of reversible phosphorylation in pancreatic beta-cells. In particular, novel phosphorylation sites on proteins that mediate the pathology of type 2 diabetes, such as Pdx-1, Nkx.2, and Srebf1, will be valuable targets in ongoing phosphoproteomics studies. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

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