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Zaid T.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Frommel C.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Lun A.,Institute of Medical Diagnostics | Moldenhauer A.,Institute of Hemostaseology and Transfusion Medicine | Moldenhauer A.,Saarland University
Vox Sanguinis

Background and Objectives: Endothelial cells provide a unique medium for the proliferation and white lineage differentiation of haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC). Whether this quality can be exploited to facilitate the differentiation of erythroid precursors is not yet known. Materials and Methods: Haematopoietic progenitor cells derived from cord blood were cultured for 3 weeks in erythropoietin-stimulated supernatants with (n = 6) or without cyclosporine A (CSA, n = 6). Cell count, phenotype and morphology were assessed on a weekly basis, and the haemoglobin content was analysed. These cultures were compared with erythroid differentiation induced by cytokines only (n = 6). Results: Endothelial supernatants combined with CSA led to equivalent numbers of CD71(+) erythroblasts after 1 week as cytokines only. The purity of glycophorin-positive, CD45-negative cells was higher in cells generated in endothelial supernatants than in cytokine-based media. Additional prostaglandin E2 induced a change from fetal to adult haemoglobin. Conclusion: For the generation of erythroblasts from HPC, endothelial supernatants are a simple and cost-effective alternative to culture conditions based on cytokines. © 2013 International Society of Blood Transfusion. Source

Thader-Voigt A.,TU Dresden | Jacobs E.,TU Dresden | Lehmann W.,Attomol GmbH | Bandt D.,TU Dresden | Bandt D.,Institute of Medical Diagnostics
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and the human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) are widely distributed in the human population. The variants A and B of HHV6 are closely related to each other and cannot be distinguished by common serological methods like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or immunofluorescence test (IFT). The aim of this study was to develop a microwell-adapted blot system for specificity detection of human cytomegalovirus and human herpesvirus 6A and 6B (HHV6A, HHV6B) that combines the advantages of ELISA (automation and multiplex detection) and immunoblotting (antigen-specific antibody detection with high specificity). Methods: Ten HCMV, five HHV6A and five HHV6B antigens were expressed as fusion proteins and tested with sera of children (n=30), of healthy young adults (n=30) and of older adults (n=30) in a newly developed microblot system. Results: Sensitivity and specificity of HCMV and HHV6 microblots were comparable to commercially available[fj ELISA, IFT and to line assay tests. The advantage of the HHV6 microblot is the possibility of distinguishing between HHV6A-monovalent sera, HHV6B-monovalent sera and HHV6A/B-polyvalent sera. Most sera of children younger than 2 years showed only HHV6B antigen positivity, while most sera of adults and children aged over 2 years reacted with HHV6A and B proteins, although predominance for HHV6B was observed. Conclusions: The authors were able to detect HCMV positive sera and to distinguish between HHV6A-monovalent sera, HHV6B-monovalent sera and HHVA/B-polyvalent sera with the new developed microblot system. Predominance of HHV6B was observed in sera of children and adults. © 2011 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston 2011. Source

Marschall P.,University of Greifswald | Hubner N.-O.,University of Greifswald | Hubner N.-O.,Institute of Medical Diagnostics | Maletzki S.,University of Greifswald | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Infection Control

There were 256 health care workers in 39 facilities who were interviewed about their perceptions of the quality of care of patients with and without multidrug-resistant organisms based on a standardized questionnaire. There are remarkable differences in the responses between facility types (acute care hospitals, long-term care hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, and home care services). Hygiene management must be specifically tailored to the requirements of each facility. © 2015 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Source

Burkandt A.,University of Hamburg | Katzer A.,Orthoclinic Hamburg | Thaler K.,Nuernberger Land Clinic | Von Baehr V.,Institute of Medical Diagnostics | And 4 more authors.
In Vivo

Synovial tissues in joints with prostheses display characteristic morphological changes in cases with aseptic failure, particularly macrophage infiltration. Since proliferation of the synovial lining cell layer represents a feature characteristic of autoimmune joint diseases, the possibility of morphological changes of the synovial lining cell layer in periprosthetic tissues was investigated. Synovial biopsies from five groups of morphologically well-defined lesions (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, aseptic loosened metal-on-polyethylene and metal-on-metal arthroplasty and suggested metal hypersensitivity) were compared using a conventional staining method and immunohistochemistry. The synovial lining cell layer was substantially enlarged in both rheumatoid arthritis and cases suggestive of metal hypersensitivity. Macrophage infiltrates were apparent in rheumatoid arthritis and all specimens from retrieved hip arthroplasties. Although both synovial and subsynovial macrophages were positive for CD163 (indicating synovial M2 macrophages), the remaining fibroblast-like synoviocytes and scattered stromal fibroblasts showed a positive reaction with the D2-40 antibody (indicating fibroblast-like synoviocytes). Furthermore, in contrast to CD163-positive macrophages, the enlarged D2-40-positive fibroblast-like synoviocytes displayed cytoplasmatic tubular projections. Proliferation of the periprosthetic synovial lining cell layer occurred in cases with unexplained groin pain following metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty, suggestive of hypersensitivity. Despite some important study limitations, the present observation adds to the evidence that metal hypersensitivity shares characteristic morphological features with autoimmune diseases of the joints. Source

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