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Galovic V.,Institute of lowland forestry and environment | Rausch T.,Institute of Plant science | Grsic-Rausch S.,SERVA Electrophoresis
Archives of Biological Sciences | Year: 2010

The mature embryos of fourteen elite winter wheat cultivars have been transformed by a biolistic approach. The gene coding for γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (EC 6.3.2.2) was used as a transgene in order to obtain stable transformants resistant to drought stress. A binary vector, pBinarUTRECS, was used. The gene was under the control of the CaMV35S promoter region. GUS::GFP gene fusion was used as a reporter system and nptII served as a selectable marker gene. A high regeneration capacity of callus tissue under the selective pressure and successful GUS assay of transformed tissue were an indication of successful insertion of a transgene into mature embryo derived wheat tissue.


Lorz C.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Furst C.,Sudan University of Science and Technology | Galic Z.,Institute of lowland forestry and environment | Matijasic D.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | And 6 more authors.
Environmental Management | Year: 2010

We assessed the probability of three major natural hazards-windthrow, drought, and forest fire-for Central and South-Eastern European forests which are major threats for the provision of forest goods and ecosystem services. In addition, we analyzed spatial distribution and implications for a future oriented management of forested landscapes. For estimating the probability of windthrow, we used rooting depth and average wind speed. Probabilities of drought and fire were calculated from climatic and total water balance during growing season. As an approximation to climate change scenarios, we used a simplified approach with a general increase of pET by 20%. Monitoring data from the pan-European forests crown condition program and observed burnt areas and hot spots from the European Forest Fire Information System were used to test the plausibility of probability maps. Regions with high probabilities of natural hazard are identified and management strategies to minimize probability of natural hazards are discussed. We suggest future research should focus on (i) estimating probabilities using process based models (including sensitivity analysis), (ii) defining probability in terms of economic loss, (iii) including biotic hazards, (iv) using more detailed data sets on natural hazards, forest inventories and climate change scenarios, and (v) developing a framework of adaptive risk management. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Ballian D.,University of Sarajevo | Bogunic F.,University of Sarajevo | Cabaravdic A.,University of Sarajevo | Pekec S.,Institute of lowland forestry and environment | Franjic J.,University of Zagreb
Periodicum Biologorum | Year: 2012

Background and Purpose: The wild cherry (Prunus avium) has great and multiple importance. The fruits it produces are used for several purposes (as food for people, birds and other animals, as well as in phytotherapy). As many birds and mammals feed on the fruit of the wild cherry, it has the ability of dispersion over large areas in a very short time. It is present in from river deposits up to 1900 m/alt, while it is quite rare in the Submediterranean. Wild cherry grows as a solitary tree or in small groups, usually at the edge of the forest or within the forest in areas with more sunlight. The significance of the wild cherry is reflected in the high economic value of its wood, which makes itmuch demanded and popular, and thus endangered. Materials and Methods: The plant material was collected from 22 natural populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The fruit and leaves were collected from marginal or solitary trees, usually from the south-facing, outer sun-exposed parts of the tree crown. We measured the following fruit characteristics: fruit length (FL), fruit width (FW), fruit thickness (FT), seed length (SL), seed width (SW), seed thickness (ST), length of the stalk (LOS) and width of the stalk (WOS), and leaf characteristics: length of the petiole (LP), length of the leaf blade (LB), distance from the blade base to the blade's widest part (BBW), width of the leaf blade (WB), insertion angle of the leaf venation (AV), number of leaf teeth on a 2-cm length (NT), blade width at 1 cmfrom the blade apex (WBA) and blade width at 1 cm from the blade's base (WBB). All statistical analyses of the data were made using the SPSS 15.0 package for Windows. Results: The results obtained show the presence of a high level of intrapopulational, as well as interpopulational, morphological variability in the natural populations of the wild cherry which have been investigated. Analyses of population differentiation have not confirmed our expectations. Our results only indicate differentiation in fruit size characteristics, but the indicators are very weak. The resulting high values of the regression coefficient in this research can serve to estimate the values of some features and characteristics without their measurement. Conclusions: The analyses of 16 morphological characteristics in 22 natural populations of the wild cherry in Bosnia and Herzegovina showed statistically significant differences between investigated populations. Differentiation in natural populations of the wild cherry was very low and identified only in fruit dimension characteristics.


Rakic M.,University of Novi Sad | Karaman M.,University of Novi Sad | Forkapic S.,University of Novi Sad | Hansman J.,University of Novi Sad | And 3 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2014

Edible and medicinal macrofungi used in human diet represent not only important sources of nutritive elements but toxic substances as well (heavy metals and radionuclides). Radioactivity levels of four radionuclides (40K, 137Cs, 226Ra, 228Ra) were determined in the basidiomata (fruiting bodies of a Basidiomycetes) of six lignicolous (Fomitopsis pinicola, Ganoderma applanatum, Hericium clathroides, Megacollybia platyphylla, Pluteus cervinus, Trametes gibbosa) and three mycorrhizal (Boletus luridus, Boletus sp. 1, Boletus sp. 2) species as well as their soil (wood) substrates by gamma spectrometry (high-resolution high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector). The aim was to investigate their ability for radionuclide absorption according to transfer factors (from soil and wood), to predict potential bioindicator species as well as species with potential risk for human use. Samples were taken during years 2011 and 2012, at two sites in forest ecosystem of Tara Mountain (Serbia). Observed concentration ranges per dry weight were as follows: 29–3,020 Bq/kg (40K), 21.9–735 Bq/kg (137Cs), 3–39 Bq/kg (226Ra), and 2.0–18 Bq/kg (228Ra). Obtained results indicate that the type of basidiome (fleshy/tough), most likely due to a different metabolic rate, has a very important role in radionuclide accumulation. The highest activity concentrations of all analyzed radionuclides were found in species with fleshy basidiomata—P. cervinus, H. clathroides, M. platyphylla, and Boletus species. A species-specific influence on radionuclide uptake was more prominent comparing to habitat differences and the role of fungal trophic mode. No significant variations were observed regarding radionuclide activity among the same fungal species from different sampling sites. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Nikolic N.P.,University of Novi Sad | Borisev M.K.,University of Novi Sad | Pajevic S.P.,University of Novi Sad | Arsenov D.D.,University of Novi Sad | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Biological Sciences | Year: 2015

Three willow species (Salix alba, Salix matsudana and Salix nigra) were exposed to very high cadmium (Cd) concentrations in order to define some physiological traits related to high biomass production. Plants were grown hydroponically under semi-controlled conditions (greenhouse). It was assumed that leaves accumulate different amounts of Cd in relation to their age due to the specific occurrence of symptoms generated by Cd accumulation. The rate of photosynthesis and concentration of photosynthetic pigments in young and old leaves was correlated with biomass production in order to ascertain their significance as indicators of plant performance at sites contaminated with Cd. Changes in the photosynthetic parameters induced by treatments depended on the concentration of Cd in the nutrient solution, the species of willow and leaf age. Fv/Fm ratios were not considerably changed in treated plants, indicating preserved activity of PSII. According to results presented in this work, the Fv/Fm ratio was a less sensitive indicator of Cd stress in willows than the rate of photosynthesis and pigment concentration. High tolerance to applied treatments estimated on the basis of biomass production of S. nigra and S. matsudana irrespective of Cd concentration in the growth substrate might indicate their potential in the reclamation of Cd-contaminated sites.

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