Institute of International Sociology Gorizia

Gorizia, Italy

Institute of International Sociology Gorizia

Gorizia, Italy
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Frigerio S.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Bianchizza C.,Institute of International Sociology Gorizia | Schenato L.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Del Bianco D.,Institute of International Sociology Gorizia
Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana | Year: 2017

Responsibility in civil protection from central to local authorities is a changing pattern in natural hazard management. Prevention and preparedness are long-term goals, based on competence of trained volunteers and on awareness of the local citizens. MAppERS Project(1) (Mobile Application for Emergency Response and Support) involves people as crowd-sources rendering through mobile application design integrated to a dashboard. Testing and training courses for public citizens and volunteers of civil protection in two pilot study cases obtain feedback fundamental to raise participation in the disaster network response, towards modules, usability and quality of the product. A synchronized platform reveals advantages of cloud data architecture with a web dashboard. A first module of the application focuses on flood processes gathering real-time data from local population and contributes to personal awareness, while the second module tests pre-emergency actions on field with rescue crews, collecting details and priority of hazards. © Società Geologica Italiana, Roma 2017.


Cortes Arevalo V.J.,Technical University of Delft | Cortes Arevalo V.J.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Charriere M.,Technical University of Delft | Bossi G.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | And 6 more authors.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences | Year: 2014

Volunteers have been trained to perform first-level inspections of hydraulic structures within campaigns promoted by civil protection of Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italy). Two inspection forms and a learning session were prepared to standardize data collection on the functional status of bridges and check dams. In all, 11 technicians and 25 volunteers inspected a maximum of six structures in Pontebba, a mountain community within the Fella Basin. Volunteers included civil-protection volunteers, geosciences and social sciences students. Some participants carried out the inspection without attending the learning session. Thus, we used the mode of technicians in the learning group to distinguish accuracy levels between volunteers and technicians. Data quality was assessed by their accuracy, precision and completeness. We assigned ordinal scores to the rating scales in order to get an indication of the structure status. We also considered performance and feedback of participants to identify corrective actions in survey procedures. Results showed that volunteers could perform comparably to technicians, but only with a given range in precision. However, a completeness ratio (question/parameter) was still needed any time volunteers used unspecified options. Then, volunteers' ratings could be considered as preliminary assessments without replacing other procedures. Future research should consider advantages of mobile applications for data-collection methods. © 2014 Author(s).


Bianchizza C.,Institute of International Sociology Gorizia | Frigerio S.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection
Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana | Year: 2015

The prevention of hydrogeological emergency and territorial management cannot cope only with technical and structural defence measures. A safety and sustainable management concerning cost-effective, environmental and social aspect has to consider a daily and continuous involvement of local communities. Risk knowledge and awareness of territory depict solutions of soft mitigation, transforming local inhabitants from vulnerable elements to actors participating of own security within shared territorial areas. Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Italian National Research Council (CNR-IRPI) and Institute of International Sociology Gorizia (ISIG) arranged a DG ECHO financed project. MAppERS1 (Mobile Applications for Emergency Response and Support) aims to involve citizens and CP volounteers within a complete smartphone app development cycle (design, testing, training and feedback). The expected output is a crowd-sourcing solution based on standardized data collected by human-sensors, like useful system to improve quality on prevention capacity within hydrogeological emergency phases. MAppERS embraces rescue services, local stakeholders agencies with own volounteers added to local trained citizens in pilot areas. Final end-users participate actively in the development cycle, to guarantee a self-based instrument dedicate to their useful requirement. They become mappers of territory as long-term target of community involvement within emergency prevention task. The paper shows methodologies to delineate participation of population in the development cycle as laboratory for future local-based experiences of territorial management. © Società Geologica Italiana, Roma 2015.


De Marchi B.,Institute of International Sociology Gorizia | Scolobig A.,Institute of International Sociology Gorizia
Disasters | Year: 2012

This paper reports on research work performed for Floodsite a European Community-funded project on the social aspects of vulnerability in the Adige/Sarca river basin of the Trentino-Alto Adige region, Italy. It identifies some limitations to the use of a fixed set of indicators, which fail to account for either local peculiarities or the intangible aspects that contribute to the shaping of social vulnerability. The authors employed a number of methods to investigate the opinions of professionals and residents on risk and safety, distinguishing between the individual and the institutional components of social vulnerability. Adopting a systemic perspective, they explored the interactions between these two elements, showing how they may give rise to unexpected phenomena. The 'safety paradox' and the 'efficiency paradox' are discussed, emerging when increased protection provided by structural devices and dedicated institutions translates into a lack of awareness and agency on the part of residents. © 2012 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2012.


PubMed | Institute of International Sociology Gorizia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Disasters | Year: 2012

This paper reports on research work performed for Floodsite a European Community-funded project on the social aspects of vulnerability in the Adige/Sarca river basin of the Trentino-Alto Adige region, Italy. It identifies some limitations to the use of a fixed set of indicators, which fail to account for either local peculiarities or the intangible aspects that contribute to the shaping of social vulnerability. The authors employed a number of methods to investigate the opinions of professionals and residents on risk and safety, distinguishing between the individual and the institutional components of social vulnerability. Adopting a systemic perspective, they explored the interactions between these two elements, showing how they may give rise to unexpected phenomena. The safety paradox and the efficiency paradox are discussed, emerging when increased protection provided by structural devices and dedicated institutions translates into a lack of awareness and agency on the part of residents.

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