Institute of Insect science

Hangzhou, China

Institute of Insect science

Hangzhou, China
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Wang G.-Y.,Institute of Insect science | Zhu M.-F.,Institute of Insect science | Jiang Y.-D.,Institute of Insect science | Zhou W.-W.,Institute of Insect science | And 4 more authors.
Environmental Entomology | Year: 2017

Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter (Hemiptera: Miridae) is an important predatory natural enemy of planthopper and leafhopper eggs in Asian rice paddy fields. Cyrtorhinus lividipennis is known to rely largely on herbivoreinduced plant volatiles to identify eggs embedded in rice stem tissues for feeding and on pheromones for mating. However, exactly how C. lividipennis decode these chemical information is unclear. In most insects, the odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and the chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are essential for seeking out food resources and mates. In this study, we identified 10 OBP and 5 CSP genes in C. lividipennis and investigated their expression patterns in various tissues of adult males and females by quantitative real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR). Six OBP genes (ClivOBP1, 2, 4, 6, 9, and 10) were mainly expressed in the male antennae, whereas three genes (ClivOBP3, ClivOBP7, and ClivOBP8) had high expression in the female antennae. ClivCSP1 was predominantly expressed in the male antennae. These findings suggest that most ClivOBPs and ClivCSPs are likely involved in food-searching behavior. The recognition of the pheromone molecules provides the basis for further functional studies on the chemoreception system of C. lividipennis. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.

Ye Y.-X.,Institute of Insect Science | Pan P.-L.,Institute of Insect Science | Xu J.-Y.,Institute of Insect Science | Shen Z.-F.,Zhejiang University | And 7 more authors.
Open Biology | Year: 2017

Most animals are oviparous. However, the genes regulating egg shell formation remain not very clear. In this study, we found that Nilaparvata lugens Forkhead box transcription factor L2 (NlFoxL2) directly activated follicle cell protein 3C (NlFcp3C) to regulate chorion formation. NlFoxL2 and NlFcp3C had a similar expression pattern, both highly expressed in the follicular cells of female adults. Knockdown of NlFoxL2 or NlFcp3C also resulted in the same phenotypes: obesity and female infertility. RNA interference (RNAi) results suggested that NlFcp3C is a downstream gene of NlFoxL2. Furthermore, transient expression showed that NlFoxL2 could directly activate the NlFcp3C promoter. These results suggest that NlFcp3C is a direct target gene of NlFoxL2. Depletion of NlFoxL2 or NlFcp3C prevented normal chorion formation. Our results first revealed the functions of Fcp3C and FoxL2 in regulation of oocyte maturation in an oviparous animal. © 2017 The Authors.

Hao Z.-P.,Institute of Insect science | Zhao J.-R.,Institute of Insect science | Yuan Z.-Q.,Institute of Insect science | Zhao Y.-Q.,Institute of Insect science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society | Year: 2012

Hydrogen peroxide is a toxic metabolite of oxidative metabolism, but may also serve as a broad spectrum signaling molecule controlling a variety of essential physiological processes. Photoperiod influences diapause beyond the maternal generation in Cotesia vestalis and we speculated that intracellular hydrogen peroxide was a possible signal mediating this generational effect. To investigate the signaling functions of hydrogen peroxide in diapause induction in C. vestalis, hydrogen peroxide and activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase were measured at diapause, and in maternal non-diapausing prepupa, adult, and offspring egg stages form the cultures reared at 25°C under the photoperiods of 816, 1212, and 168 (LD) h. The hydrogen peroxide contents and activities of superoxide dismutase and peroxidase in maternal non-diapausing prepupae and adults declined as the light period was reduced, whereas catalase activity increased significantly. Compared to diapausing prepupae, maternal non-diapausing prepupae under 8 h short light had significantly higher superoxide dismutase, lower catalase, and similar peroxidase activities. Under the three photoperiods, the variation trends of protective enzyme activities in offspring eggs were similar to the trends in maternal prepupae and adults. The variation trends of hydrogen peroxide in eggs were opposite to the trends in maternal prepupae and adults. Peroxidase and catalase activities in eggs were significantly higher after oviposition than before oviposition. These findings indicate that hydrogen peroxide plays an important role in signal transduction between two generations. © 2012 Kansas Entomological Society.

Xia J.,Institute of Insect science | Xia J.,Baylor College of Medicine | Zhang C.-R.,Institute of Insect science | Zhang S.,Institute of Insect science | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Background:The fungal pathogen, Beauveria bassiana, is an efficient biocontrol agent against a variety of agricultural pests. A thorough understanding of the basic principles of insect-fungus interactions may enable the genetic modification of Beauveria bassiana to enhance its virulence. However, the molecular mechanism of insect response to Beauveria bassiana infection is poorly understood, let alone the identification of fungal virulent factors involved in pathogenesis.Methodology/Principal Findings:Here, next generation sequencing technology was applied to examine the expression of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) genes in response to the infection of Beauveria bassiana. Results showed that, compared to control, 654 and 1,681genes were differentially expressed at 48 hours and 72 hours post-infected whiteflies, respectively. Functional and enrichment analyses indicated that the DNA damage stimulus response and drug metabolism were important anti-fungi strategies of the whitefly. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway was also likely involved in the whitefly defense responses. Furthermore, the notable suppression of general metabolism and ion transport genes observed in 72 hours post-infected B. tabaci might be manipulated by fungal secreted effectors. By mapping the sequencing tags to B. bassiana genome, we also identified a number of differentially expressed fungal genes between the early and late infection stages. These genes are generally associated with fungal cell wall synthesis and energy metabolism. The expression of fungal cell wall protein genes might play an important role in fungal pathogenesis and the dramatically up-regulated enzymes of carbon metabolism indicate the increasing usage of energy during the fungal infection.Conclusions/Significance:To our knowledge, this is the first report on the molecular mechanism of fungus-whitefly interactions. Our results provide a road map for future investigations on insect-pathogen interactions and genetically modifying the fungus to enhance its efficiency in whitefly control. © 2013 Xia et al.

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