PubMed | 401 Hospital of PLA, Chongqing Medical University and Institute & Hospital of Hepatobiliary Surgery
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Surgery | Year: 2015
The boundary of the target hepatic segment within the liver parenchyma cannot be marked by the use of a conventional anatomic hepatectomy approach. This study describes a novel methylene blue staining technique for guiding the anatomic resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Between February 2009 and February 2012, anatomic hepatectomy was performed in 106 patients with HCC via a novel, sustained methylene blue staining technique. Sustained staining was achieved by injecting methylene blue into the distal aspect of the portal vein after exposing Glissons sheath. The hepatic pedicle was immediately ligated, and the hepatic parenchymal transection was performed along the interface between methylene blue stained tissue and unstained tissue.Anatomic hepatectomies included subsegmentectomy (n=16), monosegmentectomy (n=57), multisegmentectomy (n=27), and hemihepatectomy (n=6). The portal vein was injected successfully with methylene blue in 100% of cases, and complete staining of the target hepatic segment was achieved in 98 of 106 (92.5%) cases. Mean intraoperative bleeding was 36090mL, and the postoperative complication rate was 24.5% (26/106). No perioperative mortality occurred. Operative margins were all negative on pathologic examination. Mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 40months (range, 24-60). No local recurrence (around the operative margin) occurred.This novel technique of achieving sustained staining by injecting methylene blue then immediately ligating the hepatic pedicle is simple and feasible. It can guide the selection of the operative margin during hepatic parenchyma transection to improve the accuracy of anatomic hepatectomy for the treatment of HCC.
PubMed | Capital Medical University and Institute & Hospital of Hepatobiliary Surgery
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of hepatology | Year: 2015
Biliary complications can cause morbidity, graft loss, and mortality after liver transplantation. The most troublesome biliary complications are ischemic-type biliary lesions (ITBL), which occur since transplants can now be performed after the donor has undergone circulatory death. The exact origin of this type of biliary complication remains unknown.A total of 528 patients were retrospectively analyzed following liver transplantation after excluding 30 patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and those lost to follow-up from January 2007 to January 2014. The incidence of and risk factors for ITBL were evaluated.Cold ischemia time (CIT) (P = 0.042) and warm ischemia time (WIT) (P = 0.006) were found to be independent risk factors for the development of ITBL. Use of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 genotype assay to guide individualization of immunosuppressive medications resulted in significantly fewer ITBL (P = 0.027. Autoimmune hepatitis might be a risk factor for ITBL, as determined using univariate analysis (P = 0.047).Efforts should be taken to minimize risk factors associated with ITBL, such as CIT and WIT. The CYP3A5 genotype assay should be used to guide selection of immunosuppressive therapy in an effort to reduce the occurrence of ITBL.