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Huynh M.Q.,University of Marburg | Gossmann J.,University of Marburg | Gattenloehner S.,Justus Liebig University | Klapper W.,University of Kiel | And 5 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

Abstract Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can be cured in about 60% of cases with immuno-chemotherapy. However, a large subset of patients with DLBCL do not go into remission, or relapse after first-line therapy. Further therapy options are therefore needed. Phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2) is one of the key regulators of the B cell receptor signaling pathway, which targets several pro-proliferative factors, such as nuclear factor κB (NFκB), Ras and Akt. Using immunohistochemistry, we found that PLCγ2 was strongly expressed in 63% of cases of DLBCL. The PLC inhibitor U73122 had an inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and induced apoptosis and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest. Co-treatment with enzastaurin or the Src inhibitor pp2 together with U73122 had an additive effect on cell proliferation compared to U73122 alone. Unexpectedly, strong PLCγ2 expression was associated with better overall survival. In conclusion, PLCγ2 is strongly expressed in a significant number of DLBCLs and has prognostic implications. Inhibition of PLCγ2 could be a new target for lymphoma treatment. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source


Khanlari M.,Institute of Hematopathology | Bagheri B.,Institute of Ophthalmology | Vojdani R.,Institute of Hematology Oncology | Mohammadianpanah M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | And 3 more authors.
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2012

Background: To describe a rare manifestation of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in conjunctiva, with clinical, hisologic, immunohistologic and genetic findings together with review of the Literature. Case presentation. Most ocular adnexal lymphomas are extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). A few cases of ocular adnexal mantle cell lymphomas have been reported in the literature. We present a case of mantle cell lymphoma presenting as right conjunctival mass of at least three months duration in a 64-year-old man. Histopathologic examination showed a proliferation of monomorphous small-to-medium-sized lymphoid cells with cleaved nuclei in the subconjunctiva. By immunohistochemistry, the infiltrate was positive for CD20, CD5, BCL-2, cyclin D1, and the transcription factor SOX11. Fluorescent in situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of IGH-CCND1 fusion indicating t(11;14). Conclusion: A rigorous approach to initial diagnosis and staging of small cell lymphomas of the ocular adnexa is needed. The recognition of ocular MCL requires appropriate immunohistochemical staining and/or genetic confirmation to differentiate this rare form of presentation of MCL from other more frequent small cell lymphomas. © 2012 Khanlari et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Billecke L.,University of Hamburg | Penas E.M.M.,University of Hamburg | May A.M.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | Engelhardt M.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | And 11 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: Extramedullary (EM) organ impairment in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is a rare event, occurring mostly during disease relapse after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation. This manifestation is commonly associated with an unfavourable outcome. Previous studies suggested a correlation between the clinical course of patients with MM and EM and the cytogenetic findings, e.g. deletion of TP53 on 17p13. Materials and Methods: We investigated patients with these rare plasma cell organ infiltrations (n=17) as well as bone lesions or soft tissue lesions, known to be a common clinical feature of MM (n=14), using a newly established method of fluorescence in situ hybridization in combination with cytoplasmic immunoglobulin staining (cIg-FISH) on paraffin-embedded sections and a specific probe for TP53 on 17p13. Results and Conclusion: The incidence of del(17)(p13) was similar in both groups but overall it was higher when compared to published data obtained from bone marrow samples and material originating from osteolyses. Further investigations on a larger patient cohort are needed in order to confirm these findings. Source


Negahban S.,Institute of Hematopathology | Ahmadi N.,Shiraz University | Oryan A.,Shiraz University | Khojasteh H.N.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy | Year: 2010

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which frequently affects the ileocecal region in the sporadic form and the jaw in the endemic form; however, the breast is a rare primary site of this tumor. Here we describe a case of primary bilateral breast BL presenting during lactation in a 23-year-old woman. Excisional biopsy of breast masses demonstrated a B-cell lymphoma with a characteristic 'starry sky' pattern highly suggestive of BL. The neoplastic cells strongly expressed CD20 and CD10, and showed proliferative activity as measured by Ki-67. An IGH-MYC gene fusion indicating the presence of a typical Burkitt translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32) in the tumor tissue was detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization. The present case, along with a comprehensive review of the literature, demonstrates that BL of the breast should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lesions of the breast during lactation. Whether hormonal or antigenic factors trigger Burkitt lymphomagenesis in the lactating breast warrants further investigation. © 2010 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved. Source

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