Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases

Tianjin, China

Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases

Tianjin, China
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Zhang J.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2013

To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors on responses and survival of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clones. The clinical data of 31 MDS cases with PNH clones from October 2004 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed to reveal the influence of PNH clone size on responses and survival. The chromosome karyotypes were analyzed in all patients, 23 patients with normal karyotype, 7 patients with abnormal karyotype [including 3 patients with +8, 2 -Y, 1 del(7q) and 1 Xp+] and 1 patient with no mitosis. 1 patient belonged to low-risk, 27 intermediate-1 risk, 2 intermediate-2 risk and 1 high-risk groups, respectively, according to IPSS. There were significantly statistical differences between responders and nonresponders in terms of infection, ANC, Reticulocyte count and IPSS (P values were 0.049, 0.006, 0.031 and 0.043, respectively). The overall responsive rate was 67.7%, no patients progressed to acute leukemia (AL) during median follow-up of 19 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST). The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 82.7% and 55.1%,respectively. According to univariate analysis,age, infection and ANC had significant influence on survival (P values were 0.050, 0.031 and 0.026, respectively). The PNH clone size had no significant influence on survival through univariate and COX analyses (P=0.393). MDS patients with PNH clone had less cytogenetic abnormalities, higher probability of response to IST and lower probability of progression to AL; Furthermore, the PNH clone size had no significant influence on response and survival.


Li Y.M.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2012

To explore the clinical significance of evolution of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clones in aplastic anemia (AA) patients. The positive rate of PNH clones in 678 AA cases at first diagnosis from January 2002 to December 2009 were analyzed, and to compare the response rate and overall survival (OS) between AA patients with or without PNH clones. All patients were sequentially followed-up to assess the incidence rate and risk factors for AA evolving to overt PNH. (1) Of 119/678 (17.6%) AA patients at initial diagnosis presented with PNH clones,the positive rates of PNH clones among non-severe AA (NSAA), severe AA (SAA) and very severe AA (VSAA) were 16.7% (37/ 222), 17.3% (45/260) and 18.9% (37/196), respectively. There was no statistical difference among the three groups. (Chi2 = 0.369; P = 0.832); (2) 678 newly diagnosed AA cases were divided into 5 subgroups according to PNH clones, severity of disease and treatment regimens. There was no statistical difference among the five subgroups regarding 6m-response rate (RR) and OS. (3) Serial follow-up revealed that persistent PNH negative clones were found in 516 (76.1%) cases, and evolved to PNH positive clones after therapy in 43 (6.3%) cases. Persistent PNH positive clones were found in 72 (10.6%) cases, and disappeared the clones after treatment in 47 (6.9%) cases. There was no statistical difference among the four subgroups in terms of the 6m RR (Chi2 = 2.489,P = 0.426) and OS (P = 0.477); (4) 17 out of 678 AA cases (2.5%) evolved to overt PNH and the estimated incidence of evolution to overt PNH was (3.7 +/- 0.9)% at 10 years. The incidences of AA patients with or without PNH clones at initial diagnosis evolved to overt PNH were 3.4% and 2.3%, respectively. There was no statistical difference between the two groups, (Chi2 = 0.111; P = 0.739); and so was found in OS by Kaplan-Meier analysis (P = 0.868). Cox regression model analysis showed that none of the severity of AA, with or without PNH clone at initial diagnosis, treatment regimen and 6m RR was the risk factor for evolution to overt PNH. There is no difference between AA patients presented with or without PNH clones at initial diagnosis regarding the RR and prognosis. The appearance of PNH clones in AA is not identified as a risk factor for developing into overt PNH.


Zhang J.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases | Li X.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases | Shao Y.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases | Shi J.,Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases | And 5 more authors.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To probe a practical salvage strategy for relapse or failure patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) after allogenenic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HSCT).METHODS: The clinical characteristics and initial treatments of allo-HSCT, and the responses of a novel salvage therapy of cyclosporine alternately combined with levamisole (CsA & LMS regimen) plus danazol (DNZ) in 2 patients were reviewed and evaluated.RESULTS: (1) Patient 1 achieved partial response (PR) at 3 months and complete response (CR) at 6 months after CsA & LMS regimen, respectively; Patient 2 also achieved PR 3 months and nearly CR at 6 months after the salvage therapy, respectively. (2) Increased numbers of T regulatory cells and colony forming unit-erythroid, burst-forming unit-erythroid, colony forming unit-granulocytes/macrophages after CsA & LMS regimen in both patients were observed.CONCLUSION: This was the first report of successful salvage by a novel strategy of CsA & LMS regimen for relapse or failure patients with SAA after allo-HSCT.


PubMed | Institute of Hematology & Hospital of Blood Diseases
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2012

To explore the clinical significance of evolution of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clones in aplastic anemia (AA) patients.The positive rate of PNH clones in 678 AA cases at first diagnosis from January 2002 to December 2009 were analyzed, and to compare the response rate and overall survival (OS) between AA patients with or without PNH clones. All patients were sequentially followed-up to assess the incidence rate and risk factors for AA evolving to overt PNH.(1) Of 119/678 (17.6%) AA patients at initial diagnosis presented with PNH clones,the positive rates of PNH clones among non-severe AA (NSAA), severe AA (SAA) and very severe AA (VSAA) were 16.7% (37/ 222), 17.3% (45/260) and 18.9% (37/196), respectively. There was no statistical difference among the three groups. (Chi2 = 0.369; P = 0.832); (2) 678 newly diagnosed AA cases were divided into 5 subgroups according to PNH clones, severity of disease and treatment regimens. There was no statistical difference among the five subgroups regarding 6m-response rate (RR) and OS. (3) Serial follow-up revealed that persistent PNH negative clones were found in 516 (76.1%) cases, and evolved to PNH positive clones after therapy in 43 (6.3%) cases. Persistent PNH positive clones were found in 72 (10.6%) cases, and disappeared the clones after treatment in 47 (6.9%) cases. There was no statistical difference among the four subgroups in terms of the 6m RR (Chi2 = 2.489,P = 0.426) and OS (P = 0.477); (4) 17 out of 678 AA cases (2.5%) evolved to overt PNH and the estimated incidence of evolution to overt PNH was (3.7 +/- 0.9)% at 10 years. The incidences of AA patients with or without PNH clones at initial diagnosis evolved to overt PNH were 3.4% and 2.3%, respectively. There was no statistical difference between the two groups, (Chi2 = 0.111; P = 0.739); and so was found in OS by Kaplan-Meier analysis (P = 0.868). Cox regression model analysis showed that none of the severity of AA, with or without PNH clone at initial diagnosis, treatment regimen and 6m RR was the risk factor for evolution to overt PNH.There is no difference between AA patients presented with or without PNH clones at initial diagnosis regarding the RR and prognosis. The appearance of PNH clones in AA is not identified as a risk factor for developing into overt PNH.

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