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Wang Y.Y.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2012

To investigate the expression level of SOX11 mRNA in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and other B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and its prognostic value in MCL. The expression level of SOX11 mRNA in 80 B-NHL patients were determined by real-time quantitative RT-PCR, GAPDH was used as internal control. The dispersion of SOX11 expression ratio of groups with different prognostic factors was described by Mann-Whitney U test. The SOX11 mRNA expression level was 2.90 (0.75 - 4.63) in 80 B-NHL patients, and the expression level was significantly higher in MCL than that in other B-NHL (P = 0.014). The SOX11 expression level was statistically lower in the group of MCL with hyperleukocytosis, 12 trisomy, MYC amplification and therapeutic effect < PR (P = 0.042, 0.013, 0.028, 0.009) than that of MCL in other group. But SOX11 expression was not associated with MCL international prognostic index (MIPI) (P = 0.333), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P = 0.790), ATM mutation (P = 0.865) and P53 deletion (P = 0.116). The progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in the MCL patients with high level of SOX11 than that of other MCL patients. There was statistically significant differences in SOX11 mRNA expression between MCL with other B-NHL. SOX11 maybe a good prognostic factor in MCL.


Li Q.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2011

To determine the incidence and clinical significance of chromosome 13q14 deletion in multiple myeloma (MM). Bone marrow samples were collected from 132 newly diagnosed MM patients referred to our hospital. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (i-FISH) combined with magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) were performed on chromosome 13q14 (RB-1). (1) i-FISH was used to investigate CD138-enriched bone marrow MM cells and revealed a 13q14 deletion rate of 51.5% (68/132), while conventional cytogenetic (CC) analysis revealed 13q deletions/monosomy 13 (Δ13) only of 5.0%(6/120). (2) Univariate analysis showed that 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25%, bone marrow plasma cells > 50%, ISS stage and β(2)-MG ≥ 5.5 mg/L were associated with shorter overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis revealed that 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25% was an independent unfavorable factor (P = 0.042). (3) Patients treated with bortezomib had a much better response than those treated with traditional chemotherapy (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in OS between patients received bortezomib with and without 13q14 deletion (P > 0.05), indicating that bortezomib could reverse the poor prognosis of 13q14 deletion. (1) i-FISH followed CD138 cell sorting appears to be a highly sensitive method for detecting 13q14 deletion. (2) 13q14 deletion rate by i-FISH > 25% is an independent unfavorable factor. (3) Bortezomib could reverse the poor prognosis of 13q14 deletion.


Yang L.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2011

To investigate the relationship between DNA homologous recombination (HR) repair genes RAD51-G135C/XRCC3-C241T polymorphisms and development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with recurrent chromosome translocation. Genomic DNA was extracted from bone marrow cells of 625 de novo AML patients and peripheral blood cells of 806 patient family members and 704 unrelated volunteers. Genotypes of RAD51-G135C and XRCC3-C241T were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. Cell lines with genotypes differed from XRCC3-C241T were selected and irradiated in vitro. The CBFβ-MYH11 fusion gene was detected by TaqMan real-time PCR. The XRCC3-C241T variant (C/T + T/T) showed 6.22-fold and 6.99-fold increase in the risk of developing the AML with inv(16)/t(16;16)/CBFβ-MYH11 as compared with the volunteer and family member controls respectively; the RAD51-G135C homozygote-type (C/C) variant showed 0.87-fold (P = 0.010) and 1.15-fold (P = 0.001) respectively increase in the risk of this subtype AML. In the irradiated group, the CBFβ-MYH11 mRNA level in HL-60 cells was 59.49 times increased than that in KG1a cells. However, the RAD51-G135C and XRCC3-C241T variants had no correlations with the risk of development of t(15;17)/PML-RARα(+)AML, t(8;21)/AML1-ETO(+) AML and 11q23 AML subtypes. The XRCC3-C241T variant and the RAD51-G135C homozygote-type significantly increase the risk of the development of AML with inv(16)/t(16;16)/CBFβ-MYH11.


Liu L.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2011

To investigate the impact of polymorphisms of DNA homologous recombination (HR) repair genes RAD51-G135C and XRCC3-C241T on the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(16)/t(16;16)(CBFbeta-MYH1). One hundred and three de novo inv(16)/t(16;16) (CBFbeta-MYH11) AML patients were followed-up and retrospectively analyzed. Polymorphisms of RAD51-G135C and XRCC3-C241T were detected by PCR-RFLP. The prognostic factors,including sex, age, white blood cell count, platelet count, hemoglobin level, karyotype, KIT mutation, RAD51-G135C and XRCC3-C241T polymorphisms at diagnosis, for complete remission (CR) achievement, overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. The median follow-up of all patients was 28 (1 - 106) months. The overall CR rate was 92.2%. The estimated 5-year OS and RFS rates were 43.6% (95% CI 37.7% - 49.5%) and 26.4% (95% CI 21.1% - 31.7%), and the median OS and RFS were 53 (95% CI 133.4 - 72.7) and 27 (95% CI 22.9 - 31.1) months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, higher WBC (P = 0.004) and older than 30 years of age (P = 0.035) were independent poor factors for CR achievement, the XRCC3-241T variant (P = 0.007) and higher WBC (P = 0.009) were independent poor factors for 5-year RFS, and higher WBC (P = 0.002) and trisomy 8 (P = 0.035) were independent poor factors for 5-year survival. Polymorphism of RAD51-G135C had no significant impact on the prognosis. The XRCC3-241T variant is an independent poor prognostic factor for AML with inv(16)/t(16;16)/CBFbeta-MYH11.


Chen Y.D.,Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2012

To investigate the prognostic value of thrombocytopenia in patients with primary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Four hundred and nineteen primary MDS patients were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test and COX regression model were used to evaluate factors that influence the prognosis. Two hundred and fifty-six cases (61.1%) had thrombocytopenia (PLT < 100×10(9)/L), one hundred and three cases (24.6%) had severe thrombocytopenia (PLT < 30×10(9)/L). Overall survival (OS) tended to shorten along with the decreasing of platelet count. Univariate analysis indicated that PL < 30×10(9)/L, MCV ≤ 95 fl, LDH ≥ 300 U/L, lymphocyte-like micromegakaryocyte, nucleated RBC PAS positive, IPSS cytogenetic intermediate- and poor-risk were all related with poor prognosis. Moreover, the prognosis of patients with RCMD, RAEB-Ior RAEB-IIwas poorer than that of the other subgroups. Among these parameters, PLT < 30×10(9)/L, MCV ≤ 95 fl, IPSS cytogenetic intermediate- and poor-risk group and RCMD, RAEB-I and RAEB-II had independent prognostic significance in multivariate analysis. Modified WPSS prognostic model was proposed by adopting PLT, MCV, chromosomal karyotype and WHO classification. The OS of patients with low risk, intermediate-1 risk, intermediate-2 risk and high risk were 59, 28, 14 and 4 months, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference between the groups (P < 0.05). Severe thrombocytopenia indicated unfavorable prognosis, in combination with MCV, chromosomal karyotype and WHO classification, a modified WPSS prognostic model was proposed and worked well for prognostic indication in patients with MDS.

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