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Sancho J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario | Sancho J.,INCLIVA Institute of Health Research | Servera E.,Hospital Clinico Universitario | Servera E.,INCLIVA Institute of Health Research | And 21 more authors.
ERS Monograph | Year: 2016

Chronically critically ill patients often undergo prolonged mechanical ventilation. The role of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) during weaning of these patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the value of NIV and whether a parameter can predict the need for NIV in chronically critically ill patients during the weaning process. We conducted a prospective study that included chronically critically ill patients admitted to Spanish respiratory care units. The weaning method used consisted of progressive periods of spontaneous breathing trials. Patients were transferred to NIV when it proved impossible to increase the duration of spontaneous breathing trials beyond 18 h. 231 chronically critically ill patients were included in the study. 198 (85.71%) patients achieved weaning success (mean weaning time 25.45±16.71 days), of whom 40 (21.4%) needed NIV during the weaning process. The variable which predicted the need for NIV was arterial carbon dioxide tension at respiratory care unit admission (OR 1.08 (95% CI 1.01–1.15), p=0.013), with a cut-off point of 45.5 mmHg (sensitivity 0.76, specificity 0.67, positive predictive value 0.76, negative predictive value 0.97). NIV is a useful tool during weaning in chronically critically ill patients. Hypercapnia despite mechanical ventilation at respiratory care unit admission is the main predictor of the need for NIV during weaning. © ERS 2016.

PubMed | University of Valencia and INCLIVA Institute of Health Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2016

Several drugs used for the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) are targeted at the epidermal growth factor receptor, but mutations in genes of the RAS family cause resistance to these drugs. Thus, extensive research is being carried out to counterbalance this resistance. The G13D mutation of KRAS is common in humans, and we previously reported that this mutation results in the epigenetic modification of hnRNP proteins, involved in RNA splicing. As aberrant splicing often results in oncogenicity, the present study aimed to identify the genes which show altered splicing patterns in connection with the G13D KRAS mutation. To accomplish this, we first carried out an insilico analysis of RNA-seq databases and found that the distribution of alternative splicing isoforms of genes RPL13, HSP90B1, ENO1, EPDR1 and ZNF518B was altered in human CRC cell lines carrying the G13D KRAS mutation when compared to cell lines carrying wild-type KRAS. The insilico results were experimentally validated by quantitative realtime PCR. Expression of the genes EPDR1 and ZNF518B was negligible in the Caco2, RKO and SW48 cell lines, which possess wild-type KRAS, while the HCT116, DLD1 and D-Mut1 cell lines, harbouring the G13D mutation, expressed these genes. Moreover, in both genes, the ratio of isoforms was significantly different between the parental DLD1 (+/G13D) and D-Mut1 cells, in which the wild-type allele had been knocked out. DWT7m cells also expressed both genes. These cells, derived from DLD1, have spontaneously acquired a G12D mutation in their single KRAS allele in 20% of the population. The present data suggest a relationship between KRAS mutations, particularly G13D, and the expression of the EPDR1 and ZNF518B genes and expression of their isoforms and provide enhanced understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the resistance of CRC cells to antiEGF receptor therapies.

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