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Mehta S.,Institute of Health Management Research
Journal of Health Management | Year: 2011

Satisfaction has been shown to predict important health-related behaviour, such as adhering to treatment recommendations and maintaining continuity of care. The study resulted in two self-designed standardised questionnaires which were used to evaluate service quality and patient satisfaction. The study has yielded three factors of service quality namely promptness, medical aid and patient interest for service quality and amenities, clinical services and physical services. The study explains that service quality and patient satisfaction are more strongly associated with adherence and continuity of visit; when service quality and patient satisfaction were placed in the regression model, they are positively associated. The findings suggest that service quality and satisfaction level of the patients will be important for improving the outcomes in health care settings. © 2011 Indian Institute of Health Management Research SAGE Publications.

Lal V.,Institute of Health Management Research
Indian journal of public health | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVES : To describe the pattern of adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and ascertain the factor(s) associated with nonadherence. This was a cross-sectional, two-site, hospital-based study. The study was undertaken in 2005; as a result of phased roll out of free HAART as part of National AIDS Control Program, patients at Lok Nayak Jai Prakash (LNJP) hospital were receiving free HAART, while patients at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) had to bear out-of-pocket expenses for HAART. Adherence was defined as not having missed even a single pill over the previous 4-day period on self-reporting. Adherence at AIIMS was 47%, whereas it was 90% at LNJP. The difference was statistically significant. Multivariate analysis showed that nonadherence was associated with not having been told about the importance of HAART, having to pay out-of-pocket for HAART and reported continued risk behavior post HAART. With the provision of free HAART, adherence is likely to be high. Emphasis should be given on simultaneous recruitment of counselors, and physicians should be made aware about the need to inquire and counsel patients against continued risk behavior.

Sengupta A.,Maastricht University | Sengupta A.,Institute of Health Management Research | Angeli F.,Maastricht University | Syamala T.S.,Institute for Social and Economic Change | And 2 more authors.
Social Science and Medicine | Year: 2015

Evidence from developing countries demonstrates a mixed relationship of overweight/obesity with socioeconomic status (SES) and place of residence. Theory of nutrition transition suggests that over the course of development, overweight first emerges among rich and urban people before spreading among rural and poor people. India is currently experiencing a rapid rise in the proportion of overweight and obese population especially among adult women. Under the backdrop of huge socio-economic heterogeneity across the states of India, the inter-state scenario of overweight and obesity differs considerably. Hence, this paper investigates the evolution over time of overweight and obesity among ever-married Indian women (15-49 years) from selected 'underweight states' (Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, where underweight proportion is predominant) and 'overweight states' (Kerala, Delhi and Punjab, where overweight is the prime concern), in relation to a few selected socio-economic and demographic indicators. This study analysed National Family Health Surveys- NFHS-2 (1998-99) and NFHS-3 (2005-06) following Asian population specific BMI cut-offs for overweight and obesity. The results confirm that within India itself the relationship of overweight and obesity with place of residence and SES cannot be generalized. Results from 'overweight states' show that the overweight problem has started expanding from urban and well-off women to the poor and rural people, while the rural-urban and rich-poor difference has disappeared. On the other hand in 'underweight states' overweight and obesity have remained socially segregated and increasing strongly among urban and richer section of the population. The rate of rise of overweight and obesity has been higher in rural areas of 'OW states' and in urban areas of 'UW states'. Indian policymakers thus need to design state-specific approaches to arrest the rapid growth of overweight and its penetration especially towards under-privileged section of the society. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Narzary P.K.,Fakir Mohan University | Sharma S.M.,Institute of Health Management Research
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition | Year: 2013

Although son preference in patrilineal society is an established fact, daughter preference in matrilineal society is not thoroughly examined. Very few studies have been carried out on the issue. This paper attempts to explore the daughter preference and contraceptive-use in matrilineal tribal societies in Meghalaya, India. Data from the National Family Health Survey 1998-1999 have been used in this study because, among the large-scale surveys, only this dataset allows identification of matrilineal sample. Mean, percentage, and standard deviation are computed in the present study. Further, the data have been cross-tabulated, and logistic regression has been run through SPSS (version 15). Among the ever-married matrilineal women, 17% desired more sons than daughters but 18.2% desired more daughters than sons. About 11% of ever-married women could achieve their desired sex composition of children. However, a very striking finding suggests that, even after achieving desired sex composition of children, as high as 61.8% of women were still not using contraception mainly because of programme factors while one-fourth were still depending on temporary methods. The rest 13.2% adopted terminal method of contraception, which calls for immediate attention of planners. With the increase in the number of sons but without daughter, contraceptive-use drastically decreased. The most desired sex composition of children seems to be two daughters and a son. Absence of daughter with increase in the total number of sons increased the desire for additional children. Every woman with two or more sons but without daughter wanted the next child to be a daughter. Thus, there are ample evidences to draw the conclusion that there is, in fact, a daughter preference in the matrilineal tribal societies in Meghalaya, India. Policy-makers may, thus, target the women who have achieved fertility and should ensure that daughter preference does not lead to the negligence to sons. © International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh.

Sodani P.R.,Institute of Health Management Research
Indian journal of public health | Year: 2011

The main objective of the study is to identify the availability of infrastructure facility, human resources, investigative services, and facility based newborn care services with respect to Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) at community health centers (CHC) of Bharatpur District of Rajasthan State. Data were collected from service providers at CHC through well structured questionnaire at thirteen CHCs situated at Bharatpur District of Rajasthan State. It was found that infrastructure facilities were available in almost all the CHCs, but shortage of manpower especially specialists was observed. Availability of investigative services was found quite satisfactory except ECG. It was also observed that none of the CHCs have fully equipped facility based newborn care services (including newborn corner and newborn care stabilization unit). As per IPHS suggested in the revised draft (2010) important deficiencies were revealed in the studied CHCs of Bharatpur district and by additional inputs such as recruiting staff, improving infrastructure facilities, CHCs can be upgraded.

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