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Perrier L.,Institute of Health | Lightfoot D.,Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute | Kealey M.R.,University of Toronto | Straus S.E.,Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology | Year: 2016

Objectives The purpose of this article is to describe the volume and attributes of original research available in PubMed on emerging knowledge synthesis methods (excluding traditional systematic reviews) published by researchers. Study Design and Setting Bibliometric analysis. Results Six-hundred eight studies related to the topic of knowledge synthesis methods were analyzed. Although there has been a steady increase in publications on knowledge synthesis methods since 2003, studies are dispersed among a large number of journals. Similarly, a large number of authors are publishing on these methods but in limited numbers for any individual. Relevant Medical Subject Headings that were applied most often to these studies included qualitative research, research design, meta-analysis as topic, and review literature as topic. Conclusion There is no prevailing journal or author that is a leader in reporting on knowledge synthesis methods. Relevant Medical Subject Headings were either not applied to most records or not available for the synthesis method being examined. This may lend itself to inconsistencies and variations in methods making it challenging for researchers and research users to locate and appraise these articles. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Tchorzewski D.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow | Bujas P.,University School of Physical Education in Cracow | Jankowicz-Szymanska A.,Institute of Health
Journal of Human Kinetics | Year: 2013

The authors attempted to determine whether: (1) there are differences in stability between the conditions of standing in ski boots and barefoot, (2) the type of surface affects stability, and, (3) the level of stability differs between the frontal and sagittal planes. The study included 35 young male recreational skiers aged 20.71 ±0.63 years. Measurements of stability were taken by means of a Libra seesaw balance board. The conditions of soft surface were created by attaching an inflated cushion to the board. The experiment was carried out on both rigid and soft surface for both movement planes and two different conditions: maintaining the seesaw balance board in the horizontal position and performance of a particular balancing task. All the tests were performed with visual feedback. Restricted ankle joint mobility that results from wearing ski boots caused a reduction of stability in studied subjects, particularly in the sagittal plane. The differences found in the study were likely to be caused by the difficulty the beginners experienced in re-organizing muscular coordination in hip joint strategy and effectively using mechanical support of ski boots that reduces lower limb muscle tone. The use of the soft surface improved stability exhibited by the subjects in the frontal plane without compromising the stability in the sagittal plane. The soft surface might have contributed to a reduction in excessive corrective movements, thus improving stability in studied subjects.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of limitation of foot mobility and disturbances in afferent information from the plantar mechanoreceptors due to wearing ski boots on the level of postural stability in beginner skiers under conditions of the unstable support surface. © Editorial Committee of Journal of Human Kinetics.

Meekums B.,University of Leeds | Vaverniece I.,Institute of Health | Majore-Dusele I.,Riga Stradins University | Rasnacs O.,Riga Stradins University
Arts in Psychotherapy | Year: 2012

This study explored the effectiveness of dance movement therapy (DMT) in obese women with emotional eating who were trying to lose weight. 158 women were recruited from a commercial weight loss programme: 92 with BMI ≥ 28 were identified as emotional eaters and divided into: an exercise control (n= 32) and non-exercisers (n= 60). The non-exercises were partially randomised to non exercise control (n= 30) and treatment group (n= 30). Using a pre- and post-intervention design, 24 of the DMT treatment group, 28 of the exercise control and 27 of the non-exercise control completed all measures on a battery of tests for psychological distress, body image distress, self-esteem and emotional eating. Findings were analysed for statistical significance. The DMT group showed statistically decreased psychological distress, decreased body image distress, and increased self-esteem compared to controls. Emotional eating reduced in DMT and exercise groups. The authors cautiously conclude that DMT could form part of a treatment for obese women whose presentation includes emotional eating. Further research is needed with larger, fully, and blindly randomised samples, a group exercise control, longitudinal follow-up, a depression measure, ITT, and cost analyses. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Komurcu N.,Institute of Health | Isbilen A.,Canakkale State Hospital
Turk Uroloji Dergisi | Year: 2011

Objective: To identify the factors affecting the adaptation of women to sexual life during the postmenopausal period. Materials and methods: The study sample comprised 113 volunteer postmenopausal women who visited the Çanakkale State Hospital Bone Densitometer Unit between March 2007 and July 2007. A questionnaire investigating their sociodemographic and obstetric characteristic and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were completed. Results: The mean total FSFI scale score of 57.5% of the women was poor (<23). Increasing age, duration of menopause, and anxiety of the women's partners adversely affected the sexual function of women. Conclusion: Education programs for menopausal women and their partners on improving sexual health need to be implemented, and further research should examine the factors affecting behaviors that improve sexual health. © 2011 by Turkish Association of Urology.

Gershon A.S.,Institute for Clinical Evaluative science | Gershon A.S.,Sunnybrook Health science Center | Gershon A.S.,University of Toronto | Victor J.C.,Institute for Clinical Evaluative science | And 7 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2012

Background: Asthma is a common chronic respiratory condition, the diagnosis of which depends on symptoms and objective evidence of variable airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness. The proportion of people who have had objective pulmonary function testing around the time of diagnosis and factors associated with receiving testing are not well understood. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the health administrative data of all individuals aged 7 years and older with newly physician-diagnosed asthma living in Ontario, Canada between 1996 and 2007. Receipt of pulmonary function testing in the peridiagnostic period was determined and examined across patient sociodemographic and clinical factors. Results: Only 42.7% (95% CI, 42.6%-42.9%) of the 465,866 Ontarians newly diagnosed with asthma received pulmonary function testing between 1 year prior and 2.5 years following the time of diagnosis. In adjusted analyses, individuals 7 to 9 years old and those 70 years or older were less likely to receive testing than younger adults, individuals in the lowest neighborhood income quintile were less likely to receive testing than those in the highest, and individuals seeing a medical specialist were more likely to receive testing than those seeing only a general practitioner. Conclusions: Less than one-half of patients with new physician-diagnosed asthma in Ontario, Canada received objective pulmonary function testing around the time of diagnosis. Further study is needed to determine why more pulmonary function testing is not being used to diagnose asthma and how barriers to its appropriate use can be overcome. © 2012 American College of Chest Physicians.

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