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Wu X.L.,Institute of Geriatric Cardiology
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2010

To investigate the constituent expression of PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the effect of PHLPP1 gene transfer on the proliferation of the cells in vitro. Cultured HUVECs were transfected with pcDNA3-GFP or pcDNA3HA-PHLPP1 via lipofectamine 2000. The cell proliferation ability was determined by cell counting and MTT colorimetric assay, and Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of PHLPP1 in the cells. No PHLPP1 protein was detected in the non-transfected cells or pcDNA3-GFP-transfected cells. pcDNA3HA-PHLPP1 gene transfection significantly increased PHLPP1 expression in the HUVECs (P<0.01), but the cell proliferation status remained unchanged (P>0.05). The absorbance of the cells measured by MTT assay was 0.134-/+0.0152, 0133-/+0.014 and 0.137-/+0.016, with cell counts of (8.293-/+0.962)x10(5), (7.937-/+0.101)x10(5) and (8.127-/+0.112)x10(5), respectively, showing no significant differences between the 3 groups (P>0.05). Phosphatase PHLPP1 may not be the most important signal protein in the regulation of HUVEC proliferation. Source

Wang X.P.,Institute of Geriatric Cardiology
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2010

To construct the plasmid pSG5/TRIF and investigate its expression in Huh7 cells. The plasmid pCX4pur/Myc-TRIF was digested with Not I and the digestion product was blunted followed by further digestion with EcoR I to obtain the insert Myc-TRIF. pSG5 was digested sequentially with Sma I and EcoR I. All the digested products were analyzed with agarose gel electrophoresis. The products with the expected size were extracted and ligated, and the positive clones were screened by ampicillin and amplified. The recombinant pSG5/TRIF was extracted, purified, and identified by restriction endonuclease BamH I and agarose gel electrophoresis. The recombinant plasmids were transfected into Huh7 cells with FuGene 6 reagents and into Huh7 cells previously infected with recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV) via Lipofectin. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were performed to detect the expression of the recombinant plasmids, and the transfection efficiency with different transfection reagents was compared. BamH I digestion resulted in a fragment with the expected size. Immunofluorescence staining showed successful expression of Myc-TRIF protein in Huh7 cells, and the transfection efficiency was enhanced in Huh7 cells previously infected with rVV. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the relative molecular mass of the expressed product by pSG5/Myc-TRIF was about 100 ku, and prior infection of the cells with rVV obviously increased transfection efficiency, as was consistent with the results of immunofluorescence. pSG5/Myc-TRIF is successfully constructed and expressed in Huh7 cells. The expression efficiency can be increased by prior infection of the cells with rVV. Source

Yin T.,Institute of Geriatric Cardiology | Miyata T.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2011

Clopidogrel has become the mainstay oral antiplatelet regimen to prevent recurrent ischemic events after acute coronary syndromes or stent placement. However, there is marked interindividual variability in the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel, and a reduced response to this drug may be a risk factor for ischemic complications. Pharmacogenomic analyses, including candidate-gene and genome-wide association studies, have confirmed that genetic polymorphisms in the hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 dominantly affect the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel. CYP2C19 reduced-function alleles have been associated with a significant decrease in clopidogrel responsiveness and a higher risk of adverse cardiac events including stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and death in several prospective studies, although these effects were not reproduced in a recent large randomized study that included a randomized control group. The US Food and Drug Administration addressed this issue by adding a boxed warning to the clopidogrel label and suggesting that adjusting the clopidogrel dose or using alternative antiplatelet agents should be potentially implemented for high-risk individuals who are identified based on the CYP2C19 genotype. Although it is promising that CYP2C19 genotyping could be used to guide personalized antiplatelet clopidogrel therapy, currently there is insufficient evidence to recommend routine genetic testing. Prospective randomized clinical trials are necessary to validate this pharmacogenomic approach to clopidogrel therapy. In the most recent trial, paraoxonase-1 (PON1) was identified as a crucial new enzyme for clopidogrel bioactivation, with its common Q192R polymorphism determining the rate of active metabolite and the clinical activity of clopidogrel. Further studies are needed to investigate the comprehensive influence of a number of different polymorphisms of CYP2C19 and PON1 variant alleles or other genetic variants on clopidogrel in various ethnic populations. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Pei Z.Y.,Institute of Geriatric Cardiology
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi | Year: 2011

To investigate the etiological and prognostic changes of hospitalized patients with chronic heart failure. This retrospective study analyzed 7319 hospitalized patients (male 62.07%) with validated primary discharge diagnosis of chronic heart failure in Chinese PLA General Hospital in Beijing from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2007. Etiological characteristics, comorbidities and 30-day hospitalized mortality in the following three periods: 1993 - 1997 (n = 1623), 1998 - 2002 (n = 2444), and 2003 - 2007 (n = 3252) were compared. (1) The patient age increased [(56.0 ± 17.5) years, (57.8 ± 17.6) years and (62.7 ± 15.5) years, P < 0.01] and hospital stay time decreased [(31.3 ± 17.4) days, (22.7 ± 14.1) days and (20.1 ± 15.2) days, P < 0.01] from 1993 to 2007. (2) The common causes of heart failure were coronary heart disease, hypertension, rheumatic valvular heart disease and diabetes mellitus. From 1993 - 1998 to 2003 - 2007, the proportion of patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus rose from 37.2%, 23.3% and 12.3% to 46.8%, 46.7% and 21.1%, respectively (all P < 0.05). Meanwhile the proportion of patients with rheumatic valvular heart disease fell from 35.2% to 16.6% (P < 0.05). (3) The main etiologies and comorbidities were atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and renal failure. From 1993 - 1998 to 2003 - 2007, atrial fibrillation was the most common cause of heart failure, and the rate of myocardial infarction, pneumonia and renal failure rose from 11.0%, 8.9% and 5.2% to 14.7%, 14.5% and 9.1%, respectively (all P < 0.05) and the rate of COPD fell from 12.9% to 8.4% (P < 0.05). (4) The 30-day hospitalized mortalities in the three periods were 7.0%, 4.5% and 5.1%, respectively, and the mortalities in the 1998 - 2002 and 2003 - 2007 periods were lower than those of in the 1993 - 1998 period (all P < 0.05). The mortality related to coronary heart disease decreased significantly from 1993 to 2007 (9.3%, 5.0% and 3.8% in the three periods, respectively, P < 0.05). It is demonstrated that the primary diseases causing heart failure were coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and rheumatic valvular heart disease, and the former three diseases exhibited a upward trend and the later one exhibited a downward trend. Moreover, the proportion of comorbidities in patients with heart failure increased over the study period. The 30-day hospital mortality exhibited a downward trend and decreased significantly in patients with coronary heart disease or myocardial infarction. Source

Yan X.,Peking University | Tian J.,Institute of Geriatric Cardiology | Wu H.,Peking University | Liu Y.,Beijing Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Aim. To investigate the effect of Ginsenoside Rb1 (GS-Rb1) on hypoxia/ischemia (H/I) injury in cardiomyocytes in vitro and the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway mediated mechanism. Methods. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) for the H/I groups were kept in DMEM without glucose and serum, and were placed into a hypoxic jar for 24 h. GS-Rb1 at concentrations from 2.5 to 40 μM was given during hypoxic period for 24 h. NRCMs injury was determined by MTT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage assay. Cell apoptosis, ROS accumulation, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were assessed by flow cytometry. Cytosolic translocation of mitochondrial cytochrome c and Bcl-2 family proteins were determined by Western blot. Caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities were determined by the assay kit. Results. GS-Rb1 significantly reduced cell death and LDH leakage induced by H/I. It also reduced H/I induced NRCMs apoptosis induced by H/I, in accordance with a minimal reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst. Moreover, GS-Rb1 markedly decreased the translocation of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytosol, increased the Bcl-2/ Bax ratio, and preserved mitochondrial transmembrane potential (ΔΨm). Its administration also inhibited activities of caspase-9 and caspase-3. Conclusion. Administration of GS-Rb1 during H/I in vitro is involved in cardioprotection by inhibiting apoptosis, which may be due to inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. © 2014 Xu Yan et al. Source

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