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Lake of the Woods, IL, United States

Stec J.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Stec J.,Chicago State University | Fomovska A.,Institute of Genomics and Systems Biology and The College | Fomovska A.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | And 14 more authors.
ChemMedChem | Year: 2013

Through our focused effort to discover new and effective agents against toxoplasmosis, a structure-based drug design approach was used to develop a series of potent inhibitors of the enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase (ENR) enzyme in Toxoplasma gondii (TgENR). Modifications to positions 5 and 4′ of the well-known ENR inhibitor triclosan afforded a series of 29 new analogues. Among the resulting compounds, many showed high potency and improved physicochemical properties in comparison with the lead. The most potent compounds 16a and 16c have IC50 values of 250nM against Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites without apparent toxicity to the host cells. Their IC50 values against recombinant TgENR were found to be 43 and 26nM, respectively. Additionally, 11 other analogues in this series had IC50 values ranging from 17 to 130nM in the enzyme-based assay. With respect to their excellent invitro activity as well as improved drug-like properties, the lead compounds 16a and 16c are deemed to be excellent starting points for the development of new medicines to effectively treat Toxoplasma gondii infections. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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