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Musavi S.A.A.,University of Agriculture, Peshawar | Musavi S.A.A.,Balkh University | Ahmad S.,University of Agriculture, Peshawar | Ahmad S.,Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2013

Hazaragie, an important sheep breed in Afghanistan, is reared mainly for mutton. A survey was conducted in the breeding tract to study habitat, body biometry, management practices and reproductive and productive performance of Hazaragie sheep. Flocks (99) having on average 28.7 ± 1.5 heads/flock were studied. Out of these flocks, 44 animals were sampled randomly for morphological characteristics. About half of the flocks followed restricted breeding pattern i.e. they get just one lambing/year in the spring, however the remaining half of the flocks efficiently (84.8 ± 1.7%) lambed twice per year. The flocks graze for 11.0 ± 0.1 h daily during summer. Shearing is done twice in a year spring and fall with the average wool production of 0.5 ± 0.01 kg/clip animal. The diseases mostly affected young stock and approximately 28.3 ± 1.8% lambs died per flock on an average during the last year. The breed is small in size with an average body weight of 35.0 ± 1.2 kg, body length 45.8 ± 0.6 cm and body height 65.7 ± 0.6 cm. Most of the animals are black, however, variation to brown, red, white and admixture of these colors is also present. Both sexes are generally polled, having flat forehead and predominantly pendulous ears. The breed possesses broad fat tail, sometimes bilobed, having a short tail switch. Differences were observed in a few morphometric traits in different age and sex sheep categories. Source

Saisavoey T.,Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering | Sangtanoo P.,Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering | Karnchanatat A.,Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Journal of Food Biochemistry | Year: 2016

Defatted rice bran (DRB) is a by-product of oil extraction from rice bran (Oryza sativa L.), and has health benefits. This in vitro study investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of four crude DRB protein hydrolysate fractions prepared by pepsin-pancreatin digestion and fractionated by ultrafiltration on a transformed macrophage cell line, RAW264.7. Protein hydrolysates with MW <3 kDa (F4 fraction) had the lowest IC50 for NO-, DPPH˙ and ABTS radical scavenging activities (0.38±0.01, 1.24±0.03 and 0.17±0.01 μg/mL, respectively). The pooled fraction formed after Reverse phase-High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (F4-5) had the highest percentage inhibition of radical scavenging for DPPH˙, and NO- (25.04±0.88, and 6.50±0.39%, respectively). LC-MS of F4-5 revealed peptides exhibiting antioxidant activity were composed of His (H), Trp (W) and Tyr (Y) that known to enhance the scavenging activities of peptides. The F4 fraction suppressed lipopolysaccharide and rmIFN-γ mediated increase in iNOS, IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA levels in RAW264.7 cells, suggesting the interference was mediated at the transcriptional level. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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