Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany
Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany

Time filter

Source Type

Wang Y.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Wang Y.,Catholic University of Leuven | Rao K.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Rao K.,Southwest University for Nationalities | And 5 more authors.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology | Year: 2012

Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene is widely expressed in central and peripheral tissues of mammals, and exhibits a range of functions, especially in energy balance. However, basic knowledge of FTO in the chicken is lacking. Therefore, we studied the tissue distribution, age and breed dependent changes, brain localization, as well as the impact of fasting on FTO mRNA expression in the chicken. FTO mRNA was expressed in all the tissues studied, and generally, with high expression in hypothalamus, liver, visceral fat and cerebellum. However it exhibited breed-specific patterns: in broilers, the highest expression was seen in the liver, while in layers, hypothalamus and cerebellum showed relatively higher FTO mRNA expression. One-week-old broilers expressed markedly higher FTO mRNA in liver compared with the layers of the same age (P<0.01), while the breed difference was reversed in visceral fat and cerebellum (P<0.05). Compared with newly hatched chicks (one week of age), adult layers expressed higher FTO mRNA in liver and visceral fat, while adult broilers showed higher expression in hypothalamus and cerebellum. In situ hybridization demonstrated distribution of FTO mRNA in paraventricularis magnocellularis (PVN), nucleus ventromedialis hypothalami (VMN), nucleus lateralis hypothalami (LHy), nucleus dorsomedialis hypothalami (DMN) of the hypothalamus and nucleus habenularis medialis (HM) and stratum cellulare externum (SCE) of the thalamus. Breed-specific expression of FTO mRNA was shown in PVN, but not in VMN, with higher abundance in broilers compared to layers. The decrease in FTO mRNA levels after 24. h of fasting was seen only in VMN of layer chickens. These results may provide some intriguing hints for further investigation of FTO function in the chicken. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Buranaamnuay K.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee | Buranaamnuay K.,Mahidol University | Grossfeld R.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee | Struckmann C.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee | Rath D.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee
Animal Reproduction Science | Year: 2011

The present study was undertaken to examine whether the cooling and freezing extenders containing a mixture of antioxidants (AOs) catalase, Na-pyruvate and mercaptoethanol and one of three types of cryoprotectants (CPs) would be able to improve the quality of frozen-thawed boar sperm. The collected semen, only the sperm-rich fraction, was diluted 1:1 with Androhep plus™ extender, stored at 15°C for 2. h and centrifuged. The centrifuged sperm pellet was re-suspended in lactose-egg yolk extender and divided into four groups for mixing with freezing extenders containing different kinds of CPs at 5°C: (I) glycerol (GLY) as control; (II) GLY with AOs; (III) dimethyl formamide (DMF) with AOs and (IV) dimethyl acetamide (DMA) with AOs. Processed sperm were packaged in 0.25-mL straws and frozen using a controlled rate freezer. After thawing, the diluted thawed sperm were incubated at 38°C for 10. min and was assessed for motility by CASA, membrane/acrosome integrity by FITC-PNA/PI and DNA integrity (DFI) by SCSA. All sperm parameters evaluated, except DFI, were negatively affected (P<0.001) when using DMF (III) or DMA (IV) as CPs instead of GLY (I and II). Total sperm motility was lower (P<0.001) in the samples supplemented with AOs (32.4 ± 1.2, 23.9 ± 1.5, 6.9 ± 0.7, and 10.3 ± 0.9%, for treatments I, II, III and IV, respectively). The quality of sperm frozen in DMF was not different from DMA (P>0.05). There was no difference in DFI among the studied groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, based on the present results, addition of AOs to cooling and freezing extenders and/or replacement of GLY with DMF or DMA could not improve quality of frozen-thawed boar sperm. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Klein S.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee | Parvizi N.,Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee
Growth Hormone and IGF Research | Year: 2012

Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to be released by immune cells in vitro. Thus, the intracellular confinement of GH immunoreactivity was investigated in cultured bovine lymphocytes using con-focal microscopy. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from cows in early pregnancy (10-20. days post insemination; pi) or during mid-pregnancy (day 110-140 pi) were harvested and cultured for 48. h in presence of phytohemagglutinin-M (PHA-M) or served as controls. Thereafter, immunocytochemistry was conducted using a homologous GH-antibody. Double staining (GH-antibody and directly DYE 549 labeled CD3-antibody) was performed to classify the cells. Con-focal laser scanning was applied verifying the immunofluorescence labeling. Interestingly, the presence of GH immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm, which indicates GH synthesis, was restricted to small cells. Whereas, few T-like cells revealed surface bound GH. Lowest immunoreactivity, concerning the number of the total labeled cells as well as the intensity of labeling was recorded in early pregnancy. Stimulation with PHA-M enhanced total labeled cells in early pregnancy. In contrast, PHA-M had no such effects in mid-pregnancy. The results confirm the specific regulation of synthesis of lymphocytic GH during pregnancy in the cow. The identification of cells producing GH and the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the expression of GH in larger number of cells during mid-pregnancy than in the early pregnancy need further investigations. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Animal reproduction science | Year: 2011

The present study was undertaken to examine whether the cooling and freezing extenders containing a mixture of antioxidants (AOs) catalase, Na-pyruvate and mercaptoethanol and one of three types of cryoprotectants (CPs) would be able to improve the quality of frozen-thawed boar sperm. The collected semen, only the sperm-rich fraction, was diluted 1:1 with Androhep plus extender, stored at 15C for 2 h and centrifuged. The centrifuged sperm pellet was re-suspended in lactose-egg yolk extender and divided into four groups for mixing with freezing extenders containing different kinds of CPs at 5C: (I) glycerol (GLY) as control; (II) GLY with AOs; (III) dimethyl formamide (DMF) with AOs and (IV) dimethyl acetamide (DMA) with AOs. Processed sperm were packaged in 0.25-mL straws and frozen using a controlled rate freezer. After thawing, the diluted thawed sperm were incubated at 38C for 10 min and was assessed for motility by CASA, membrane/acrosome integrity by FITC-PNA/PI and DNA integrity (DFI) by SCSA. All sperm parameters evaluated, except DFI, were negatively affected (P<0.001) when using DMF (III) or DMA (IV) as CPs instead of GLY (I and II). Total sperm motility was lower (P<0.001) in the samples supplemented with AOs (32.4 1.2, 23.9 1.5, 6.9 0.7, and 10.3 0.9%, for treatments I, II, III and IV, respectively). The quality of sperm frozen in DMF was not different from DMA (P>0.05). There was no difference in DFI among the studied groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, based on the present results, addition of AOs to cooling and freezing extenders and/or replacement of GLY with DMF or DMA could not improve quality of frozen-thawed boar sperm.

Loading Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee collaborators
Loading Institute of Farm Animal Genetics Mariensee collaborators