Time filter

Source Type

Rato C.,University of Porto | Rato C.,Institute Of Evolutionary Biology Csic Upf Passeig Maritim Of La Barceloneta | Carranza S.,Institute Of Evolutionary Biology Csic Upf Passeig Maritim Of La Barceloneta | Harris D.J.,University of Porto
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2011

A previous study on Hemidactylus turcicus based on mtDNA makers indicated that this gecko has a Middle-East origin, and that the current phylogeographic pattern is the result of a very rapid spread from the east to the west of the species' range. The same study identified two distinct mitochondrial lineages with low differentiation and genetic diversity. Since H. turcicus is known to be closely associated to humanized environments, its present distribution range and phylogeography is frequently interpreted to be the result of recurrent human-mediated introductions. These conclusions used to be the same as those used to interpret the results obtained for the European populations of another gecko, Tarentola mauritanica. However, a recent study has revealed that the phylogeographic pattern of T. mauritanica is not solely the result of a recent colonization, but also of a mitochondrial selective sweep. Could the same be occurring in H. turcicus? To answer this question, two mitochondrial (12S rRNA and cytochrome b) and two nuclear genes (ACM4 and Rag2) were used in this study. From the mtDNA data we confirmed the existence of two distinct phylogeographic lineages; one occurring exclusively in the northern Mediterranean (Clade A), and another one more widespread that is the only lineage present in North Africa (Clade B). In light of these results, we could hypothesize that H. turcicus had its origin in Turkey, and from there Clade A moved to Europe and Clade B to North Africa spreading latter into Europe. However, Clade A presents significantly higher nucleotide diversity for the nuclear DNA compared to the mtDNA, and neutrality tests gave significant results for the mitochondrial data. These results suggest that the lack of mtDNA genetic diversity and structure in the European population of H. turcicus could also be due to a selective sweep, and not only because of a recent colonization. Together with the situation reported in T. mauritanica, the identification of a hitch-hiking process occurring in H. turcicus, represents two unprecedented cases of a selective sweep taking place in the same geographic area shaping the phylogeographic patterns of two unrelated genera of geckos. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Rato C.,University of Porto | Harris D.J.,University of Porto | Carranza S.,Institute Of Evolutionary Biology Csic Upf Passeig Maritim Of La Barceloneta | Machado L.,University of Porto | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2016

The lack of morphological diagnosable characters typical of cryptic species, poses a particular problem to taxonomists. This is especially true when taxa are closely related, sharing considerable amounts of ancestral polymorphism. Phylogenetic studies on the Moorish gecko species-complex, Tarentola mauritanica, uncovered extremely high levels of mtDNA diversity with six identified clades, including one from the Canary Islands identified as T. angustimentalis. Because of the conserved morphology of this species and its paraphyletic status with respect to T. angustimentalis, it was suggested that T. mauritanica is a cryptic species complex. Nevertheless, none of the nuclear loci used were reciprocally monophyletic regarding the mitochondrial lineages due to retention of ancestral polymorphism. In this study, we added three new intron markers to the already available dataset and used additional tools, namely phylogenetic gene trees, species tree and species limits within a Bayesian coalescent framework to confirm the support of the main lineages. Bayesian clustering analysis supports all six mtDNA lineages as independent groups, despite showing signs of ancestral polymorphism or possibly gene flow between the Maghreb/South Iberia and Central Morocco clades. The species tree recovered two major groups; one clustering taxa from Europe and Northern Maghreb and another one encompassing the lineages from Central/Southern Morocco, Central Morocco and Canary Islands, indicating that the ancestor of T. angustimentalis came from the Central/Southern Morocco region. Finally, Bayesian coalescent species delimitation analysis supports all six mitochondrial clades as "unconfirmed candidate species", pending morphological data to define them. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Discover hidden collaborations