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Antropov E.,Institute of Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnologies D Ghitu ASM | Kalenkov M.S.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | Kalenkov M.S.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute | Kehrle J.,University of Augsburg | And 14 more authors.
Superconductor Science and Technology

The upper critical magnetic field Hc2 in thin film ferromagnet-superconductor-ferromagnet trilayer spin-valve cores is studied experimentally and theoretically in geometries perpendicular and parallel to the heterostructure surface. The series of samples with variable thicknesses d F1 of the bottom and dF2 of the top Cu41Ni 59 ferromagnet (F) layers are prepared in a single run, utilizing a wedge deposition technique. The critical field Hc2 is measured in the temperature range 0.4-8 K and for magnetic fields up to 9 T. A transition from oscillatory to reentrant behavior of the superconducting transition temperature versus F-layer thickness, induced by an external magnetic field, has been observed for the first time. In order to properly interpret the experimental data, we develop a quasiclassical theory, enabling one to evaluate the temperature dependence of the critical field and the superconducting transition temperature for an arbitrary set of system parameters. A fairly good agreement between our experimental data and theoretical predictions is demonstrated for all samples, using a single set of fit parameters. This confirms the adequacy of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) physics in determining the unusual superconducting properties of the studied Cu41Ni59/Nb/ Cu41Ni59 spin-valve core trilayers. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

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