Institute of Education and Research

Brazil

Institute of Education and Research

Brazil
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Ramos C.S.,Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás | Goncalves A.S.,Federal University of Goais | Marinho L.C.,Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás | Gomes Avelino M.A.,Federal University of Goais | And 5 more authors.
Human Immunology | Year: 2014

The human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a non-classical HLA class I molecule predominantly expressed in trophoblastic placental cells to protect the fetus during pregnancy. However, evidence has shown that this molecule may be implicated in the immune escape mechanism of tumor cells. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of 14-bp insertion/deletion HLA-G polymorphism, as well as the expression of this molecule in patients with invasive breast ductal carcinoma (IDC). A significant association between the expression of HLA-G and the presence of metastasis in lymph nodes (p= 0.01) was observed and the expression of HLA-G was significantly higher in patients with shorter survival time (p= 0.03). The analysis suggests that the polymorphism observed in patients with IDC may be inducing a higher expression of the HLA-G molecule, which may possibly contribute to shorter survival time and a worse clinical prognosis for such patients. © 2014 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics.


Monteiro G.F.A.,Institute of Education and Research | Zylbersztajn D.,University of Sao Paulo
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural | Year: 2013

This paper examines the governance of property rights on genetically modified (GM) soybean seeds. Specifically, the article undertakes a comparative analysis on the collection of royalties in GM soybean seeds in the U.S. and Brazil. For each country, the authors describe the regulatory framework governing the protection of biotechnology innovations in agriculture and investigate the mechanisms of royalty collection in GM soybean seeds. The paper also offers econometric evidence linking the capture of value on biotech innovations and the protection mechanisms deployed by biotech firms. The results suggest that, subject to the institutional environment, firms may choose to transact a GM attribute separated from the seed, building specialized governance structures framed around the genetic attribute and not around the seed as a whole.


Kogler F.,Vienna University of Technology | Kalteis G.,Main focus inverter technology | Heissenberger J.,Vienna University of Technology | Prankl H.,Institute of Education and Research
Landtechnik | Year: 2014

A developed and constructed power take-off generator is used as a mobile electrical power supply. Such a device drives asynchronous motors in open-loop mode and permanent magnet synchronous motors in sensorless closed-loop mode. Furthermore, it is also possible to apply AC voltage, 3x400 V and 1x230 V, to use external electrical appliances. The possibility for constant DC link voltage independent of the PTO revolutions is also shown.


PubMed | Lutheran University of Brazil, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Federal University of Santa Maria, Institute of Education and Research and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology | Year: 2015

Venom-derived peptides constitute a unique source of drug prototypes for the pain management. Many of them can modulate voltage-gated calcium channels that are central in the processing of pain sensation. PhTx3-4 is a peptide isolated from Phoneutria nigriventer venom, which blocks high voltage-activated calcium channels with low specificity, thereby leading to neuroprotection in models of ischemia in vitro. The aim of the present work was evaluating the potential of intrathecal PhTx3-4 in the reversal of different nociceptive states in mice, furthermore assessing the potential of PhTx3-4 in triggering motor side effects. We found that bellow 100 pmol/site, PhTx3-4 did not cause major motor side effects. By comparison, -conotoxin MVIIA and -conotoxin MVIIC triggered motor side effects at the doses of 10 and 100 pmol/site, respectively. Also, PhTx3-4 (30 pmol/site) caused no significant alterations in the forced locomotor activity test (rotarod) and in the exploratory activity test (versamax). In a model of inflammatory persistent pain (formalin test), PhTx3-4 reversed nociceptive behavior both pre or post-administered, although this effect was observed only at the inflammatory phase of the test and not at the neurogenic phase. Comparatively, -conotoxin MVIIC was effective only when post-administered in the formalin test. Nonetheless, PhTx3-4 treatment was devoid of action in acute nociceptive thermal model (hotplate test), whereas morphine showed efficacy in this test. Efficacy of PhTx3-4 in the formalin test was associated with inhibition of formalin-induced glutamate release in the cerebrospinal fluid. PhTx3-4, but not -conotoxin MVIIC, reversed NMDA-induced nociceptive behavior indicating a putative role of PhTx3-4 at ionotropic glutamate receptors. Finally, we observed efficacy of PhTx3-4 in ameliorating mechanical hypersensitivity induced by paw incision, a post-operative and more clinically relevant pain model. Taken together, our data show that PhTx3-4 possesses antinociceptive effect in different models of pain in mice, suggesting that this toxin may serve as drug prototype for pain control.


Rosa F.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Trevisan G.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Trevisan G.,Health Science University | Rigo F.K.,Institute of Education and Research | And 6 more authors.
Anesthesia and Analgesia | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is a severe painful pathology that is difficult to treat. One option for its management is the continuous intrathecal (i.t.) infusion of ziconotide (the Conus magnus peptide ω-conotoxin MVIIA), which, in addition to being effective, produces serious adverse effects at analgesic doses. Single i.t. administration of Phα1β, a peptide purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer, has antinociceptive effects with a greater therapeutic window than ziconotide in rodents. To further evaluate its analgesic potential, we investigated the antinociceptive and toxic effects of Phα1β after single or continuous i.t. infusion in a rat model of neuropathic pain. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats (200-300 g) bred in-house were used. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was used as the neuropathic pain model. Nociception was assessed by detecting mechanical hyperalgesia, considering a significant reduction in 50% paw withdrawal threshold values after CCI compared with baseline values. First, we assessed the antinociceptive effect of a single i.t. injection of Phα1β (10, 30, or 100 pmol/site) in a model of neuropathic pain 8 days after nerve injury. In a different experiment, we delivered Phα1β (60 pmol/μL/h) or vehicle (phosphate-buffered saline, 1.0 μL/h) through continuous infusion using an osmotic pump by spinal catheterization for 7 days in rats submitted to nerve injury. Behavioral adverse effects were evaluated after single or continuous Phα1β i.t. administration, and histopathological analysis of spinal cord, brainstem, and encephalon was performed after continuous Phα1β i.t. injection. RESULTS: We observed that CCI of the sciatic nerve but not sham surgery caused intense (reduction of approximately 2.5 times in mechanical withdrawal threshold) and persistent (up to 14 days) nociception in rats. The single i.t. injection of Phα1β (30 or 100 pmol/site) reduced neuropathic nociception from 1 to 6 hours after administration, without showing detectable side effects. Similarly, the continuous infusion of Phα1β (60 pmol/μL/h for 7 days) was also able to reverse nerve injury-induced nociception from 1 to 7 days, but did not cause either behavioral side effects or histopathological changes in the central nervous system. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, we have shown for the first time that the continuous i.t. delivery of Phα1β produces analgesia disconnected from toxicity in a relevant model of neuropathic pain, indicating that it is an effective and safe drug with a great potential to treat pain. Copyright © 2014 International Anesthesia Research Society.


PubMed | Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Lutheran University of Brazil and Institute of Education and Research
Type: | Journal: Pain research and treatment | Year: 2016

The mechanism underlying pain symptoms in fibromyalgia (FM) is not fully understood. Oxidative stress has emerged as pathophysiological event occurring during the development of the disease. The present study aimed at investigating the efficacy of resveratrol associated with rice bran oil on fibromyalgia-like mice model. Subcutaneous injection of reserpine (0.25mg/Kg) during 3 days produced fibromyalgia-like symptoms. Resveratrol and/or rice oil or pregabalin were administered through oral route in therapeutic (single dose) and preventive (four doses) schemes. In both schemes, treatment with resveratrol associated with rice bran oil and pregabalin significantly reduced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in animals. The preventive scheme displayed antidepressant effect which was demonstrated by the forced swimming test as well as reduced reactive species in the cerebrospinal fluid of reserpinized animals. Taken together, our data provide evidences that the intake of resveratrol associated with rice bran oil plays antinociceptive and antidepressant actions probably through reducing reactive species and suggests the involvement of oxidative stress in this model of FM as possible underlying mechanism of pathogenesis of the disease.


De Camargos M.G.,Institute of Education and Research | De Camargos M.G.,Barretos Cancer Hospital | Paiva C.E.,Institute of Education and Research | Paiva C.E.,Barretos Cancer Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2015

This study investigated whether spirituality/religiosity (S/R) plays an important role in the lives of cancer patients and in the work of health professionals who provide care for these patients. The correlations between spiritual quality of life (QOL) and the other QOL domain scores of patients and health professionals were also assessed. Moreover, QOL domain scores were compared between patients and health professionals. In this cross-sectional study, 1050 participants (525 oncology patients and 525 health professionals) were interviewed. Quality of life was assessed with theWorld Health Organization quality of life spiritual, religious, and personal beliefs (WHOQOL-SRPB). To compare the groups with respect to the instruments' domains, a quantile regression and an analysis of covariance model were used. TheWHOQOL-Bref andWHOQOL-SRPB domains were correlated by performing Pearson and partial correlation tests. It was demonstrated that 94.1% of patients considered it important that health professionals addressed their spiritual beliefs, and 99.2% of patients relied on S/Rto face cancer.Approximately, 99.6%of the patients reported that S/R support is necessary during cancer treatment; 98.3% of health professionals agreed that spiritual and religious support was necessary for oncology patients. Positive correlations between spiritual QOL and the otherQOL domains were observed.When compared among themselves, patients exhibited significantly higher levels of spiritualQOL. In conclusion, S/R was an important construct in the minds of cancer patients and health professionals. Both groups often use S/R resources in their daily lives, which seems to positively affect their perceptions of QOL. Further studies are needed to determine how health professionals effectively address S/R during oncology practice. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Federal University of Goais, State University of Goiás, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás and Institute of Education and Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human immunology | Year: 2014

The human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) is a non-classical HLA class I molecule predominantly expressed in trophoblastic placental cells to protect the fetus during pregnancy. However, evidence has shown that this molecule may be implicated in the immune escape mechanism of tumor cells. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of 14-bp insertion/deletion HLA-G polymorphism, as well as the expression of this molecule in patients with invasive breast ductal carcinoma (IDC). A significant association between the expression of HLA-G and the presence of metastasis in lymph nodes (p=0.01) was observed and the expression of HLA-G was significantly higher in patients with shorter survival time (p=0.03). The analysis suggests that the polymorphism observed in patients with IDC may be inducing a higher expression of the HLA-G molecule, which may possibly contribute to shorter survival time and a worse clinical prognosis for such patients.


PubMed | Instituto Metodista Izabela Hendrix and Institute of Education and Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2016

to describe the profile of 200 patients with central nervous system tumors (CNST), and the role of the nursing care.prospective, quantitative and descriptive analysis of medical records of 200 patients with TSNC.a total of 61% of our patients had benign CNST and 39% had malignant tumors. The extent of patient dependence, according to the Karnofsky Performance Status scale, was significantly greater for patients with malignant CNST (p < .05), indicating that these patients needed more support with their activities of daily living.patients with CNST need specialized care, with specific guidance regarding their disease and aspects of daily living after treatment. Thus, the nurse can function as a key element for the effectiveness of care provided to patients and family members with the aim of enhancing the quality of life of all those affected, directly or indirectly, by the disease.


Rosario P.W.,Institute of Education and Research | Calsolari M.R.,Endocrinology Service
Thyroid | Year: 2013

Background: Serum calcitonin (sCt) is measured in many patients with nodular thyroid disease, and the possibility of a false-positive result is a matter of concern, particularly in the case of mild hypercalcitoninemia. Among the conditions reported to cause sCt elevation, Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are relevant. In view of the high frequency of these conditions in patients with nodular disease and the controversy regarding the extent to which they contribute to hypercalcitoninemia, the objective of this study was to determine the influence of the presence of HT and PTC on sCt levels. Methods: Three groups of patients >12 years of age were studied. The first group (group A, n=492) consisted of patients with nodular disease evaluated before thyroidectomy and without medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) upon histology. The second group (group B, n=583) consisted of subjects without nodules on ultrasound. The third group (group C, n=62) consisted of patients with PTC and distant metastases after total thyroidectomy. The levels of sCt and frequency of elevated sCt were compared in patients with versus without HT (groups A and B) and those with PTC>1 cm versus without PTC (group A). Results: No difference in sCt levels or in the frequency of elevated sCt was observed between patients with and without HT, irrespective of sex. Moreover, the presence of PTC>1 cm did not influence sCt levels or the frequency of hypercalcitoninemia. In fact, none of the 1075 patients in groups A and B had sCt>40 pg/mL, regardless of the presence of HT and PTC. Serum calcitonin was undetectable in any patient of group C. Conclusions: The finding of hypercalcitoninemia in patients with nodular disease should be interpreted as a suspicion of MTC, even in the presence of associated HT or cytology suggestive of PTC. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.

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