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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2008. | Award Amount: 1.09M | Year: 2009

Developing countries are reluctant to make any binding commitment as their per capita emissions are low and climate abatement measures conflict with their main priorities on socio-economic development. The question is if there is a way to simultaneously provide sufficient energy (which is also the main source of GHG emissions), to support poverty alleviation and economic growth and achieve sufficient emission reductions. Finding an answer is the main aim of this project. It may be possible with a combination of policies and measures encompassing from international level to national level supported by committed international cooperation to achieve both the goals together. The main focus of the study is on India and China. The primary objective is to develop a portfolio of policy options including both international and national policies as well as institutional frameworks for international cooperation for these two emerging economies to engage them in climate protection measures under a post-2012 regime. By applying an integrated modeling framework, the study will explore possible multiple pathways which may exist for these countries to contribute into international climate initiatives without compromising their national development priorities. Specific objectives are, 1) developing country-specific integrated modeling framework to analyse policies and identify multiple pathways to achieve socio-economic and climate targets; 2) identifying/designing international climate polices in post-Kyoto regime for future commitments and participations of emerging economies (India and China); 3) designing national polices (in socio-economic sectors, energy and environment) compatible with the global climate targets; 4) designing and quantifying as much as possible the international co-operations needed to make the participation in a post-2012 regime acceptable at least in economic terms; 5) disseminating the results to potential users for use in future negotiations.

Edelman M.,York College - The City University of New York | Weis T.,University of Western Ontario | Baviskar A.,Institute of Economic Growth | Borras S.M.,International Institute of Social Studies ISS | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Peasant Studies | Year: 2014

Visions of food sovereignty have been extremely important in helping to galvanize broad-based and diverse movements around the need for radical changes in agro-food systems. Yet while food sovereignty has thrived as a ‘dynamic process’, until recently there has been insufficient attention to many thorny questions, such as its origins, its connection to other food justice movements, its relation to rights discourses, the roles of markets and states and the challenges of implementation. This essay contributes to food sovereignty praxis by pushing the process of critical self-reflection forward and considering its relation to critical agrarian studies – and vice versa. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Veettil P.C.,Institute of Economic Growth | Speelman S.,Ghent University | van Huylenbroeck G.,Ghent University
Water Resources Management | Year: 2013

By introducing proper pricing instruments, farm level water can be used more efficient. But it demands a proper estimation strategy to analyse the efficiency and the input use behavior of farms under the new pricing system. As most production relationships are stochastic in nature, excluding random errors and noise from model specifications often leads to criticism. By using a probabilistically constrained programming formulation, an empirical estimation of stochastic data envelopment analysis (DEA) is done to analyze the efficiency of irrigation water use in the agricultural production system in the Krishna river basin, India. The results illustrate that water demand is higher for farms at, or close to the frontier and lower for those with low efficiency levels. In a second step, a simulation model is developed by using the frontier and economic efficiency derived from stochastic DEA to analyse the impact of water pricing on water use efficiency and water use behaviour. It is shown that an increase in the water price would not cause sizeable profit loss, if the pricing system is administered on a volumetric basis, but water demand would decrease substantially. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Dasgupta P.,Institute of Economic Growth | Ebi K.,University of Washington | Sachdeva I.,Institute of Economic Growth
Climatic Change | Year: 2016

Developing countries face substantial vulnerabilities to the current and projected health risks of climate change. The paper explores some key elements for health care system preparedness and adaptation planning for heatwaves, flooding and cyclones, illustrating the constraints faced in the Indian context, by analyzing data from a field study. The barriers are not insurmountable and many opportunities exist in building climate resilient infrastructure, improving intersectoral organization, resource planning, and framing health policies and programmes that mainstream climate risks. This is the first comprehensive attempt to collect and analyse data on morbidity, mortality, and extreme events, supported by intensive primary survey based data on the preparedness of the health care system to manage risks in India. Recognizing the importance of specific climatic events such as heatwaves, systematic documentation and assessment of risks with associated morbidity and mortality, and collaboration across relevant departments are instrumental in framing an appropriate adaptation plan. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Tripathi A.,Institute of Economic Growth | Mishra A.K.,Arizona State University | Verma G.,KPMG
Environmental Management | Year: 2016

Indian states like Punjab and Haryana, epicenters of the Green Revolution, are facing severe groundwater shortages and falling water tables. Recognizing it as a serious concern, the Government of Punjab enacted the Punjab Preservation of Subsoil Water Act in 2009 (or the 2009 act) to slow groundwater depletion. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of this policy on groundwater depletion, using panel data from 1985 to 2011. Results from this study find a robust effect of the 2009 act on reducing groundwater depletion. Our models for pre-monsoon, post-monsoon, and overall periods of analysis find that since implementation of the 2009 act, groundwater tables have improved significantly. Second, our study reveals that higher shares of tube wells per total cropped area and increased population density have led to a significant decline in the groundwater tables. On the other hand, rainfall and the share of area irrigated by surface water have had an augmenting effect on groundwater resources. In the two models, pre-monsoon and post-monsoon, this study shows that seasonality plays a key role in determining the groundwater table in Punjab. Specifically, monsoon rainfall has a very prominent impact on groundwater. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Mitra A.,Institute of Economic Growth | Tsujita Y.,Institute of Developing Economies
Habitat International | Year: 2016

This study based on two primary surveys of the same households in two different years (2007/08 and 2012) assesses the extent of inter-temporal change in income of the individual workers and makes an attempt to identify important correlates of upward mobility in alternate econometric models, envisaging endogeneity problem. The findings are indicative of a rise in the income of workers across a sizeable percentage of households though many of them remained below the poverty line notwithstanding this increase. Inadequate education reduces the probability of upward mobility while education above a threshold level raises it. Savings are crucial for upward mobility impinging on the importance of asset creation. Views that entail neighbourhood spill-over effects also received validation. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Khera R.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2013

The Mid-Day Meal Scheme has been quietly feeding more than 10 crore children every day for more than 10 years. Unfortunately, this popular and relatively successful programme makes it to the headlines only when things go wrong - this time following the tragic death of 23 children in Bihar after eating at school. Recent economic research clearly documents the positive impact of the scheme on enrolment, attendance, retention and nutrition. Hopefully, the Bihar tragedy will provide an opportunity to redress some of the long-standing issues in implementation (food quality and accountability) by learning from states such as Tamil Nadu.

Singh S.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2011

The central government claims that allowing foreign direct investment into India's retail sector will benefit small farmers, expand employment and lower food inflation. What has been the experience in India with organised retail so far and what has been the global experience with FDI?.

Singh S.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2011

Foreign investment in multi-brand retail is being pushed as an important tool for controlling food prices. But what is the global experience in developing/middle income countries where such retail is in place? A survey of the literature shows that FDI in retail often has the opposite effect. The impact on low-income consumers in low-income areas has been particularly adverse.

Tripathi A.,Institute of Economic Growth
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management | Year: 2016

This study tests the thesis that ‘vulnerability to climate change is not only a result of biophysical events alone but also influenced by the socioeconomic conditions in which climate change occurs’. The study chose Uttar Pradesh (UP), a state in India, for its importance in the nation's food and nutrition security programme and its high sensitivity to climate change. It uses an indicator approach to see which districts of UP are the most vulnerable to climate change, and attempts to identify the factors on a set of explanatory variables. The study finds that infrastructurally and economically developed districts are less vulnerable to climate change; in other words, vulnerability to climate change and variability is linked with social and economic development. This observation is corroborated by the findings of relational analysis wherein livestock, forestry, consumption of fertilizer, per capita income, and infant mortality rate are observed to be important correlates of vulnerability to climate change. © 2016 University of Newcastle upon Tyne

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