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Singh S.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2011

Foreign investment in multi-brand retail is being pushed as an important tool for controlling food prices. But what is the global experience in developing/middle income countries where such retail is in place? A survey of the literature shows that FDI in retail often has the opposite effect. The impact on low-income consumers in low-income areas has been particularly adverse. Source

Singh S.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2011

The central government claims that allowing foreign direct investment into India's retail sector will benefit small farmers, expand employment and lower food inflation. What has been the experience in India with organised retail so far and what has been the global experience with FDI?. Source

Khera R.,Institute of Economic Growth
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2013

The Mid-Day Meal Scheme has been quietly feeding more than 10 crore children every day for more than 10 years. Unfortunately, this popular and relatively successful programme makes it to the headlines only when things go wrong - this time following the tragic death of 23 children in Bihar after eating at school. Recent economic research clearly documents the positive impact of the scheme on enrolment, attendance, retention and nutrition. Hopefully, the Bihar tragedy will provide an opportunity to redress some of the long-standing issues in implementation (food quality and accountability) by learning from states such as Tamil Nadu. Source

Tripathi A.,Institute of Economic Growth
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management | Year: 2016

This study tests the thesis that ‘vulnerability to climate change is not only a result of biophysical events alone but also influenced by the socioeconomic conditions in which climate change occurs’. The study chose Uttar Pradesh (UP), a state in India, for its importance in the nation's food and nutrition security programme and its high sensitivity to climate change. It uses an indicator approach to see which districts of UP are the most vulnerable to climate change, and attempts to identify the factors on a set of explanatory variables. The study finds that infrastructurally and economically developed districts are less vulnerable to climate change; in other words, vulnerability to climate change and variability is linked with social and economic development. This observation is corroborated by the findings of relational analysis wherein livestock, forestry, consumption of fertilizer, per capita income, and infant mortality rate are observed to be important correlates of vulnerability to climate change. © 2016 University of Newcastle upon Tyne Source

Veettil P.C.,Institute of Economic Growth | Speelman S.,Ghent University | van Huylenbroeck G.,Ghent University
Water Resources Management | Year: 2013

By introducing proper pricing instruments, farm level water can be used more efficient. But it demands a proper estimation strategy to analyse the efficiency and the input use behavior of farms under the new pricing system. As most production relationships are stochastic in nature, excluding random errors and noise from model specifications often leads to criticism. By using a probabilistically constrained programming formulation, an empirical estimation of stochastic data envelopment analysis (DEA) is done to analyze the efficiency of irrigation water use in the agricultural production system in the Krishna river basin, India. The results illustrate that water demand is higher for farms at, or close to the frontier and lower for those with low efficiency levels. In a second step, a simulation model is developed by using the frontier and economic efficiency derived from stochastic DEA to analyse the impact of water pricing on water use efficiency and water use behaviour. It is shown that an increase in the water price would not cause sizeable profit loss, if the pricing system is administered on a volumetric basis, but water demand would decrease substantially. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

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