Meng X.,Qinghai Institute of Disease Prevention and Control |
Li Y.,Qinghai Institute of Disease Prevention and Control |
Li Z.,Qinghai Institute of Disease Prevention and Control |
Yang P.,Qinghai Institute of Disease Prevention and Control |
And 5 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology | Year: 2014
Objective: To analyze the iodine nutritional status and changing trend in the population in Qinghai Province from 1995 to 2011. Method: The monitor results including the iodized salt monitoring results, the prevalence of goiter, the urinary iodine of children and women of childbearing age from 1995 to 2011, were analyzed. Results: Coverage of household with iodized salt increased from 75.24% to 97.41%, the rate of qualified iodized salt increased from 55.12% to 93.88%, the median urinary iodine in children increased from 143.3 μg/L to 175.5 μg/L, and the children goiter rate decreased from 11.6% (116/1 000) to 0.3% (2/671) from 1995 to 2011. TTie median urinary iodine of women of childbearing age was increased from 93.6 μg/L in 2007 to 135.5 μg/L in 2011. Conclusion: Iodine nutritional status in the population is significantly improved through the implementation of comprehensive prevention and control measures, and the hazard of iodine deficiency disorder has been controlled effectively in Qinghai Province.