Institute of Dermatological science

Milano, Italy

Institute of Dermatological science

Milano, Italy
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Koh Y.J.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Koh B.I.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Kim H.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | Joo H.J.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | And 10 more authors.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology | Year: 2011

Objective- Tremendous efforts have been made to establish effective therapeutic neovascularization using adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF), but the efficiency is low, and underlying mechanisms and their interaction with the host in a new microenvironment are poorly understood. Methods and Results- Here we demonstrate that direct implantation of SVF derived from donor adipose tissue can create a profound vascular network through the disassembly and reassembly of blood endothelial cells at the site of implantation. This neovasculature successfully established connection with recipient blood vessels to form a functionally perfused circuit. Addition of vascular growth factors to the SVF implant improved the efficiency of functional neovasculature formation. In contrast, spheroid culture of SVF before implantation reduced the capacity of vasculature formation, possibly because of cellular alteration. Implanting SVF into the mouse ischemic hindlimb induced the robust formation of a local neovascular network and salvaged the limb. Moreover, the coimplantation of SVF prevented fat absorption in the subcutaneous adipose tissue graft model. Conclusion- Freshly isolated SVF can effectively induce new vessel formation through the dynamic reassembly of blood endothelial cells and could be applied to achieve therapeutic neovascularization for relieving ischemia and preventing fat absorption in an autologous manner. Copyright © 2011 American Heart Association. All rights reserved.

Dahlqvist J.,Uppsala University | Klar J.,Uppsala University | Tiwari N.,University of Basel | Schuster J.,Uppsala University | And 10 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2010

KLICK syndrome is a rare autosomal-recessive skin disorder characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma, linear hyperkeratotic papules, and ichthyosiform scaling. In order to establish the genetic cause of this disorder, we collected DNA samples from eight European probands. Using high-density genome-wide SNP analysis, we identified a 1.5 Mb homozygous candidate region on chromosome 13q. Sequence analysis of the ten annotated genes in the candidate region revealed homozygosity for a single-nucleotide deletion at position c.-95 in the proteasome maturation protein (POMP) gene, in all probands. The deletion is included in POMP transcript variants with long 5′ untranslated regions (UTRs) and was associated with a marked increase of these transcript variants in keratinocytes from KLICK patients. POMP is a ubiquitously expressed protein and functions as a chaperone for proteasome maturation. Immunohistochemical analysis of skin biopsies from KLICK patients revealed an altered epidermal distribution of POMP, the proteasome subunit proteins α7 and β5, and the ER stress marker CHOP. Our results suggest that KLICK syndrome is caused by a single-nucleotide deletion in the 5′ UTR of POMP resulting in altered distribution of POMP in epidermis and a perturbed formation of the outermost layers of the skin. These findings imply that the proteasome has a prominent role in the terminal differentiation of human epidermis. © 2010 The American Society of Human Genetics.

Mazzucchelli I.,University of Pavia | Mazzucchelli I.,Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | Garofoli F.,University of Pavia | Decembrino L.,Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | And 7 more authors.
Neonatology | Year: 2011

The case of a male neonate of 41 weeks' gestation who developed blistering of the skin immediately after birth is described. His parents were consanguineous Tunisians. Electron microscopy of a cutaneous biopsy showed skin cleavage within the lamina lucida and immunoepitope mapping revealed a complete absence of laminin 332 expression. These findings referred to the diagnosis of junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) Herlitz type. The neonate died at 3 months of age due to sepsis. Molecular analysis of laminin 332 chain genes LAMA3, LAMB3 and LAMC2 disclosed a novel homozygous nonsense mutation in LAMA3 (p.Y955X). Clinical and laboratory analyses are essential for the diagnosis of JEB subtypes, and molecular analysis screening is crucial to manage a new pregnancy in families with suspected cases of JEB. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Cappelletti M.,University of Milan | Taddeo A.,University of Milan | Colombo E.,University of Milan | Brambilla L.,Institute of Dermatological science | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology | Year: 2012

Classic Kaposi's sarcoma (cKS) is a human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)-associated lympho-angioproliferative tumor typically occurring in the elderly. It is associated with HHV-8-driven perturbed balance of peripheral B-cell subsets, which may have an impact on immune responses to antigenic stimulation. We took advantage of the common practice of cKS patients to undergo seasonal influenza vaccination because of advanced age and analyzed the immunogenicity and safety of licensed trivalent influenza vaccine in 46 cKS patients and 44 matched controls. Licensure criteria for immunogenicity were fulfilled in both groups. Four weeks after vaccination, hemagglutination-inhibition antibody titers against each viral strain contained in the vaccine increased in patients and controls (all P0.001). Protection against at least one strain was achieved by 96% of cKS and 91% of control subjects. Protection against all strains persisted after 12 weeks, demonstrating a long-lasting response to vaccination. The vaccine was equally well tolerated by patients and controls, as assessed by evaluating solicited local and systemic reactions to the vaccine, and appearance or increase of antinuclear autoantibodies. HHV-8 virological rebound was observed in four cKS patients, but was not accompanied by progression of KS lesions. We conclude that seasonal influenza vaccine given to cKS patients is immunogenic and safe. © 2012 The Society for Investigative Dermatology.

Della Bella S.,University of Milan | Taddeo A.,University of Milan | Colombo E.,University of Milan | Brambilla L.,Institute of Dermatological science | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and of some lymphoproliferative disorders of B cells. Most malignancies develop after long-lasting viral dormancy, and a preventing role for both humoral and cellular immune control is suggested by the high frequency of these pathologies in immunosuppressed patients. B cells, macrophages and dendritic cells of peripheral lymphoid organs and blood represent the major reservoir of HHV-8. Due to the dual role of B cells in HHV-8 infection, both as virus reservoir and as agents of humoral immune control, we analyzed the subset distribution and the functional state of peripheral blood B cells in HHV-8- infected individuals with and without cKS. Methodology/Principal Findings: Circulating B cells and their subsets were analyzed by 6-color flow cytometry in the following groups: 1- patients HHV-8 positive with classic KS (cKS) (n = 47); 2- subjects HHV-8 positive and cKS negative (HSP) (n = 10); 3- healthy controls, HHV-8 negative and cKS negative (HC) (n = 43). The number of B cells belonging to the preimmune/natural effector compartment, including transitional, pre-naïve, naïve and MZ-like subsets, was significantly higher among HHV-8 positive subjects, with or without cKS, while was comparable to healthy controls in the antigenexperienced T-cell dependent compartment. The increased number of preimmune/natural effector B cells was associated with increased resistance to spontaneous apoptosis, while it did not correlate with HHV-8 viral load. Conclusions/Significance: Our results indicate that long-lasting HHV-8 infection promotes an imbalance in peripheral B cell subsets, perturbing the equilibrium between earlier and later steps of maturation and activation processes. This observation may broaden our understanding of the complex interplay between viral and immune factors leading HHV-8-infected individuals to develop HHV-8-associated malignancies. © 2010 Della Bella et al.

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