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Sengupta A.,Calcutta Medical College | Bazmi B.,Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research | Sarkar S.,Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research | Kar S.,Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2013

Context: Dermatoglyphic is the permanent imprint found in hands. Variations of dermatoglyphic patterns among the individuals have been noted. Aims: To find out the dermatoglyphic pattern variations in dental caries between study group and the control group. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was done on 300 Bengalee children of Kolkata between the age group of 4-14 years. Materials and Methods: The samples were divided into two groups; study group and control group. Dental caries were detected clinically using mouth mirror and probe in daylight. Ink was applied on palm and finger by pressure pad. Bilateral palm and finger prints were taken by placing the palm and fingers over glazed paper and applying pressure over palm. Finger and palm prints obtained were inspected by magnifying glass for the study of different dermatoglyphic parameters. Statistical analysis used: Analytical statistical method with the help of student′s t-test was used to determine mean values and gender differences in the findings using SPSS version 11.0. Results: The characteristic feature which shows significant increase in caries sample group were increased total finger ridge count (TRFC) and absolute finger ridge count (AFRC) on fingers, representing pattern size and types. ab count and tr count were significantly lower in male and female caries sample group compared with the control group. Conclusions: There was a significant difference between caries and control group in different patterns and number of tri radii on fingers in fingers, the percentage of patterns on all palmar areas, total number of triradii on palm and main line index. Perhaps more systematic larger samples consisting of different genetic population are necessary to verify the conclusion.

Sarma N.,West Dermatology | Ghosh C.,Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Kar S.,Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research West Bengal | Bazmi B.A.,Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research West Bengal
Dermatologic Therapy | Year: 2015

The Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disease that manifests with palmoplantar keratoderma and destructive periodontitis resulting in early onset periodontal breakdown in deciduous and permanent dentition. Management of this condition is difficult. Here we report one 11-year-old consanguineous Muslim boy suffering from PLS. After failing to get any benefit from methotrexate, three cycles of acitretin, each for 2 months, were given 1 month apart. In each cycle, acitretin (25 mg) was given every other day. At the end of the third cycle, treatment was stopped for 4 months to observe the extent of relapse. Thereafter, acitretin (25 mg) was given twice weekly for 4 months and then the patient was followed up for 1 year. Treatment with acitretin resulted in excellent improvement of periodontitis, increase in the alveolar bone height, and periodontal attachment. Improvement remained stable at the end of 1-year follow-up. There was excellent (>75%) improvement in keratoderma at the end of active therapy. Mild worsening of palmoplantar keratoderma was noticed whenever the drug was stopped. It improved when the drug was restarted. Other areas remained stable. At the end of 1-year follow-up, good improvement (50%) in palmoplantar keratoderma was achieved. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Kumar A.,Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Khanna R.,Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College | Srivastava R.K.,Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Ali I.,Institute of Dental science and Hospital | Wadhwani P.,Institute of Dental science and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Various adjuncts have been utilized with lignocaine to decrement tourniquet pain and prolong postoperative analgesia and its efficacy during dental extraction and various other restorative procedures in dentistry. An obligatory part of the dental process is to sanction a patient to feel comfortable and pain-free during operational and remedial dental procedures. The most popular local anaesthetic injection for lower teeth is the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block. Instead of this the percentage of ineffectiveness is higher is inferior alveolar nerve block as compared to other local anaesthetic nerve block. The goal of cumulating different drugs is to engender the best therapeutic effects with the fewest or no unpropitious effects. There are fewer researches and evidence present which recommend and promote the application and effectiveness of mannitol other than in the administration in decreasing raised intracranial pressure. It is paramount to ken how the drug interacts with each other to minimize the unexpected or perilous effects. © 2014, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All right reserved.

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