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Ansari M.F.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Siddiqui S.M.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Agarwal S.M.,Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology ICPO | Vikramdeo K.S.,Jawaharlal Nehru University | And 2 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2015

Abstract Metronidazole hydrazone conjugates (2-13) were synthesized and screened in vitro for antiamoebic activity against HM1: IMSS strain of Entamoeba histolytica. Six compounds were found to be better inhibitors of E. histolytica than the reference drug metronidazole. These compounds showed greater than 50-60% viability against HeLa cervical cancer cell line after 72 h treatment. Also, molecular docking study was undertaken on E. histolytica thioredoxin reductase (EhTHRase) protein which showed significant binding affinity in the active site. Out of the six actives, some of the compounds showed lipophilic characteristics. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd

Chaudhary A.K.,Allahabad University | Chaudhary A.K.,MotiLal Nehru Medical College | Pandya S.,MotiLal Nehru Medical College | Mehrotra R.,MotiLal Nehru Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Biomarkers | Year: 2010

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are a family of zinc-dependent proteases that degrade the entire component of the extracellular matrix. Our study explores the association of the MMP1 gene promoter (-1607 1G/2G) polymorphisms in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in an Indian population. The MMP1single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was genotyped by polymerase chain reactionrestriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 412 patients with OSMF, 422 with HNSCC and 426 controls. Our results showed that the frequency of 1G/2G or 2G/2G promoter genotypes having the 2G allele is associated with higher enzymatic activity and significantly increases in OSMF (p<0.001) and HNSCC cases (p<0.00). In this study, results concluded that SNPs in the MMP1 promoter region may be associated with susceptibility to OSMF as well as HNSCC in an Indian population and addiction habits such as areca nut chewing and alcohol abuse may enhance the expression of the 2G allele of MMP1 genes in OSMF and HNSCC cases. © 2010 Informa UK, Ltd.

Thakur B.,SGRRIM | Mehrotra R.,Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology ICPO | Nigam J.S.,Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital
Pathology Research International | Year: 2013

Objective. To study the correlation of cytomorphological features in fine needle aspiration smears from patients suspected of having tuberculous lymphadenitis with Ziehl-Neelsen staining (ZN), auramine-rhodamine staining (ARS), and autofluorescence (AF). Methods. A total of 145 lymph nodes were aspirated, 3 air-dried smears were stained with Giemsa, Ziehl-Neelsen, and auramine-rhodamine stains, and 1 smear was wet fixed for Papanicolaou staining. Needle washes were incubated in Lowenstein-Jensen medium for culture. Papanicolaou and auramine-rhodamine stained smears were examined under fluorescent microscope using a blue excitation filter (450-480 nm). Results. Ninety aspirates were reported on cytomorphology as suggestive of tuberculous lymphadenitis. Smear positivity for Mycobacteria by Ziehl-Neelsen method was 26.67% (24/90), while positivity increased to 34.44% (31/90) by auramine-rhodamine and 42.22% (38/90) on autofluorescence. Culture was positive in 27.78% (25/90) aspirates. Using culture as the reference method, the statistical values of ZN, ARS, and AF were as follows: sensitivity 80.0%, 88.0%, 96.0%; specificity 93.85%, 86.15%, 78.46%; positive predictive values 83.33%, 70.97%, 63.16%; and negative predictive values 92.42%, 94.92%, 98.08%, respectively. Conclusion. There is a definite advantage of autofluorescence over Ziehl-Neelsen and auramine-rhodamine which is to detect Mycobacteria, being more sensitive as well as an inexpensive technique. Autofluorescence can be a useful addition to routine cytology for early diagnosis and effective treatment. © 2013 Brijesh Thakur et al.

Chaudhary A.K.,Allahabad University | Chaudhary A.K.,Mln Medical College | Singh M.,Mln Medical College | Bharti A.C.,Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology ICPO | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Biomedical Science | Year: 2010

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent proteinases that are capable of cleaving all extra cellular matrix (ECM) substrates. Degradation of matrix is a key event in progression, invasion and metastasis of potentially malignant and malignant lesions of the head and neck. It might have an important polymorphic association at the promoter regions of several MMPs such as MMP-1 (-1607 1G/2G), MMP-2 (-1306 C/T), MMP-3 (-1171 5A/6A), MMP-9 (-1562 C/T) and TIMP-2 (-418 G/C or C/C). Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are naturally occurring inhibitors of MMPs, which inhibit the activity of MMPs and control the breakdown of ECM. Currently, many MMP inhibitors (MMPIs) are under development for treating different malignancies. Useful markers associated with molecular aggressiveness might have a role in prognostication of malignancies and to better recognize patient groups that need more antagonistic treatment options. Furthermore, the introduction of novel prognostic markers may also promote exclusively new treatment possibilities, and there is an obvious need to identify markers that could be used as selection criteria for novel therapies. The objective of this review is to discuss the molecular functions and polymorphic association of MMPs and TIMPs and the possible therapeutic aspects of these proteinases in potentially malignant and malignant head and neck lesions. So far, no promising drug target therapy has been developed for MMPs in the lesions of this region. In conclusion, further research is required for the development of their potential diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities. © 2010 Chaudhary et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Chaudhary A.K.,Allahabad University | Chaudhary A.K.,MOTI | Pandya S.,MOTI | Mehrotra R.,MOTI | And 2 more authors.
Virology Journal | Year: 2010

Background. Oral malignancy is a major global health problem. Besides the main risk factors of tobacco, smoking and alcohol, infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) and genetic alterations are likely to play an important role in these lesions. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of HC-II assay and PCR for the detection of specific HPV type (HPV 16 E6) in OSMF and OSCC cases as well as find out the prevalence of the high risk HPV (HR-HPV) in these lesions. Methods and materials. Four hundred and thirty patients of the potentially malignant and malignant oral lesions were taken from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad, India from Sept 2007-March 2010. Of which 208 cases were oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and 222 cases were oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The HC-II assay and PCR were used for the detection of HR-HPV DNA. Result. The overall prevalence of HR-HPV 16 E6 DNA positivity was nearly 26% by PCR and 27.4% by the HC-II assay in case of potentially malignant disorder of the oral lesions such as OSMF. However, in case of malignant oral lesions such as OSCC, 32.4% HPV 16 E6 positive by PCR and 31.4% by the HC-II assay. In case of OSMF, the two test gave concordant result for 42 positive samples and 154 negative samples, with an overall level of agreement of 85.4% (Cohen's kappa = 66.83%, 95% CI 0.553-0.783). The sensitivity and specificity of the test were 73.7% and 92.05% (p < 0.00). In case of OSCC, the two test gave concordant result for 61 positive samples and 152 negative samples, with an overall level of agreement of 88.3% (Cohen's kappa = 79.29, 95% CI 0.769-0.939) and the sensitivity and specificity of the test were 87.14% and 92.76% (p < 0.00). Conclusion. This study concluded that slight difference was found between the positivity rate of HR-HPV infection detected by the HC-II and PCR assay in OSMF and OSCC cases and the HC II assay seemed to have better sensitivity in case of OSCC. © 2010 Chaudhary et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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