Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine

Greifswald, Germany

Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine

Greifswald, Germany
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Darr R.,TU Dresden | Lenders J.W.M.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Naumann B.,TU Dresden | Eisenhofer G.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2012

Pheochromocytomas are rare endocrine tumors that can present insidiously and remain undiagnosed until death or onset of clear manifestations of catecholamine excess. They are often referred to as one of the 'great mimics' in medicine. These tumors can no longer be regarded as a uniform disease entity, but rather as a highly heterogeneous group of chromaffin cell neoplasms with different ages of onset, secretory profiles, locations, and potential for malignancy according to underlying genetic mutations. These aspects all have to be considered when the tumor is encountered, thereby enabling optimal management for the patient. Referral to a center of specialized expertise for the disease should be considered wherever possible. This is not only important for surgical management of patients, but also for post-surgical follow up and screening of disease in patients with a hereditary predisposition to the tumor. While preoperative management has changed little over the last 20 years, surgical procedures have evolved so that laparoscopic resection is the standard of care and partial adrenalectomy should be considered in all patients with a hereditary condition. Follow-up testing is essential and should be recommended and ensured on a yearly basis. Managing such patients must now also take into account possible underlying mutations and the appropriate selection of genes for testing according to disease presentation. Patients and family members with identified mutations then require an individualized approach to management. This includes consideration of distinct patterns of biochemical test results during screening and the appropriate choice of imaging studies for tumor localization according to the mutation and associated differences in predisposition to adrenal, extra-adrenal and metastatic disease. © The Author(s), 2012.

PubMed | University of Turku, Ohio State University, University of Cologne, The Charles Bronfman Institute for Personalized Medicine and and 65 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN | Year: 2016

Genome-wide association studies have identified >50 common variants associated with kidney function, but these variants do not fully explain the variation in eGFR. We performed a two-stage meta-analysis of associations between genotypes from the Illumina exome array and eGFR on the basis of serum creatinine (eGFRcrea) among participants of European ancestry from the CKDGen Consortium (n

PubMed | University of Minnesota, University of Newcastle, University of Sfax, Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics Group and 67 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Human molecular genetics | Year: 2016

Genome-wide association studies have previously identified 23 genetic loci associated with circulating fibrinogen concentration. These studies used HapMap imputation and did not examine the X-chromosome. 1000 Genomes imputation provides better coverage of uncommon variants, and includes indels. We conducted a genome-wide association analysis of 34 studies imputed to the 1000 Genomes Project reference panel and including 120 000 participants of European ancestry (95 806 participants with data on the X-chromosome). Approximately 10.7 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms and 1.2 million indels were examined. We identified 41 genome-wide significant fibrinogen loci; of which, 18 were newly identified. There were no genome-wide significant signals on the X-chromosome. The lead variants of five significant loci were indels. We further identified six additional independent signals, including three rare variants, at two previously characterized loci: FGB and IRF1. Together the 41 loci explain 3% of the variance in plasma fibrinogen concentration.

Koch B.,University of Greifswald | Friedrich N.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Volzke H.,University of Greifswald | Jorres R.A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | And 4 more authors.
Respirology | Year: 2013

Background and objective: The assessment of static lung volumes and airway resistance is a frequently performed diagnostic procedure and considered as an important tool in medical surveillance to detect pulmonary diseases. The objectives of the study are to establish reference equations for body plethysmographic parameters in a representative adult population across a wide age range and to compare the normative values from this sample with previous ones. Methods: Body plethysmography was applied in 1809 participants (885 males) of a cross-sectional, population-based survey (Study of Health in Pomerania). Individuals with cardiopulmonary disorders and/or a pack-year smoking history >10 years and participants with a body mass index >30 kg/m2 were excluded. In total, 686 healthy individuals (275 males) aged 25-85 years were assessed. Results: Prediction equations for both genders were established by quantile regression analysis taking into account the influence of age, height and weight. Conclusions: The study provides a novel set of prediction equations for static lung volumes and airway resistance obtained using body plethysmography. Compared with our findings, existing equations underestimated some normal values. The results emphasize the need for up-to-date reference equations. © 2012 The Authors. Respirology © 2012 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

Schnabel R.B.,University of Hamburg | Wild P.S.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Schulz A.,University of Hamburg | Zeller T.,University of Hamburg | And 9 more authors.
Hypertension | Year: 2012

Vascular reactivity is reflected by blood biomarkers and noninvasive vascular function measurement. The relation of biomarkers to flow-mediated dilation and peripheral arterial tonometry in the general population is little understood. In 5000 individuals (mean age, 56±11 years; age range, 35-74 years; 49% women) of the population-based Gutenberg Health Study we simultaneously assessed 6 biomarkers of cardiovascular function (midregional proadrenomedullin [MR-proADM], midregional pro atrial natriuretic peptide [MR-proANP], N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide, copeptin, C-terminal proendothelin 1, and neopterin) in relation to flow-mediated dilation and peripheral arterial tonometry. Strongest partial correlations (adjusted for age and sex) were observed for baseline pulse amplitude with MR-proADM (r=0.13) and MR-proANP (r=-0.13); hyperemic response variables showed the highest correlation for MR-proADM and peripheral arterial tonometry ratio (r=-0.14). In multivariable linear regression models, strongest associations with baseline vascular function were observed for MR-proANP with baseline pulse amplitude (β per SD increase [99.17%], -0.080 [-0.115 to -0.044]; P<0.0001 after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing) and MR-proADM (-0.044 [-0.070 to -0.017]; P<0.0001), as well as MR-proANP (-0.033 [-0.057 to -0.009]; P=0.0017) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (-0.027 [-0.051 to -0.003]; P=0.015) with brachial artery diameter. For hyperemic response variables, highest associations were seen for peripheral arterial tonometry ratio with MR-proADM (-0.022 [-0.043 to -0.004]; P=0.043), MR-proANP (0.016 [-0.0034 to 0.035]; P=0.18), and C-terminal proendothelin 1 (-0.025 [-0.043 to -0.008]; P=0.00094]. In our large, population-based study, we identified MR-proADM and MR-proANP as circulating biomarkers of vascular function most strongly related to noninvasive measures of conduit artery and peripheral arterial performance. Whether determination of blood biomarkers helps to better understand vascular pathology and may provide prognostic information needs to be investigated in future studies. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.

Mohlenkamp S.,Bethanien Hospital Moers | Leineweber K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Lehmann N.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Braun S.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | And 9 more authors.
Basic Research in Cardiology | Year: 2014

We determined the prognostic value of transient increases in high-sensitive serum troponin I (hsTnI) during a marathon and its association with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and imaging-based risk markers for incident coronary events and all-cause mortality in recreational marathon runners. Baseline data of 108 marathon runners, 864 age-matched controls and 216 age- and risk factor-matched controls from the general population were recorded and their coronary event rates and all-cause mortality after 6 ± 1 years determined. hsTnI was measured in 74 marathon finishers before and after the race. Other potential predictors for coronary events, i.e., Framingham Risk Score (FRS), coronary artery calcium (CAC) and presence of myocardial fibrosis as measured by magnetic resonance imaging-based late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), were also assessed. An increase beyond the 99 % hsTnI-threshold, i.e., 0.04 μg/L, was observed in 36.5 % of runners. FRS, CAC, or prevalent LGE did not predict hsTnI values above or increases in hsTnI beyond the median after the race, nor did they predict future events. However, runners with versus without LGE had higher hsTnI values after the race (median (Q1/Q3), 0.08 μg/L (0.04/0.09) versus 0.03 μg/L (0.02/0.06), p = 0.039), and higher increases in hsTnI values during the race (median (Q1/Q3), 0.05 μg/L (0.03/0.08) versus 0.02 μg/L (0.01/0.05), p = 0.0496). Runners had a similar cumulative event rate as age-matched or age- and risk factor-matched controls, i.e., 6.5 versus 5.0 % or 4.6 %, respectively. Event rates in runners with CAC scores <100, 100-399, and ≥400 were 1.5, 12.0, and 21.4 % (p = 0.002 for trend) and not different from either control group. Runners with coronary events had a higher prevalence of LGE than runners without events (57 versus 8 %, p = 0.003). All-cause mortality was similar in marathon runners (3/108, 2.8 %) and controls (26/864, 3.0 % or 5/216, 2.4 %, respectively). Recreational marathon runners with prevalent myocardial fibrosis develop higher hsTnI values during the race than those without. Increasing coronary artery calcium scores and prevalent myocardial fibrosis, but not increases in hsTnI are associated with higher coronary event rates. All-cause mortality in marathon runners is similar to that in risk factor-matched controls. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Friedrich N.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Wolthers O.D.,Childrens Clinic Randers | Arafat A.M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Arafat A.M.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Context: Measurement of IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) can aid the diagnosis of GH-related diseases. Furthermore, epidemiological studies suggest that IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio are associated with clinical end points like cancer or cardiovascular disease. However, their clinical use is limited by the lack of validated reference intervals. Objective: The objective of the study was the establishment of age- and sex-specific reference intervals for IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio by newly developed automated immunoassays. Setting: This was a multicenter study with samples from 11 cohorts from the United States, Canada, and Europe. Participants: A total of 14 970 healthy subjects covering all ages from birth to senescence participated in the study. Main Outcome Measures: Concentrations of IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio as determined by the IDS iSYS IGF-I and IGFBP-3 assays were measured. Results: Both the concentration of IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio are mainly determined by age. IGFBP-3 concentrations increase until the age of 22 years, with a plateau being visible between 15 and 25 years. Determined by the high peripubertal peak in IGF-I, the peak in the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio occurs already around the age of 15 years, with a slightly earlier and higher peak in females. Beyond the age of 60 years, IGFBP-3 concentrations remain higher in females, whereas IGF-I as well as the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio remains significantly higher in males. Conclusions: We present an extensive set of assay-specific age- and sex-adjusted normative data for concentrations of IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio and demonstrate distinct sex specific differences across the life span. © 2014 by the Endocrine Society.

Haring R.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Wallaschofski H.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Teumer A.,Interfaculty Institute for Genetics and Functional Genomics | Kroemer H.,University of Greifswald | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Endocrinology | Year: 2013

DHEA is the major precursor of human sex steroid synthesis and is inactivated via sulfonation to DHEAS. A previous genome-wide association study related the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2637125, located near the coding region of DHEA sulfotransferase, SULT2A1, to serum DHEAS concentrations. However, the functional relevance of this SNP with regard to DHEA sulfonation is unknown. Using data from 3300 participants of the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania, we identified 43 individuals being homozygote for the minor allele of the SNP rs2637125 (AA) and selected two sex- and age-matched individuals with AG and GG genotype (nZ172) respectively. Steroid analysis including measurement of serum DHEA and DHEAS was carried out by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, employing steroid oxime analysis for enhancing the sensitivity of DHEA detection. We applied quantile regression models to compare median hormone levels across SULT2A1 genotypes. Median comparisons by SULT2A1 genotype (AA vs AG and GG genotypes respectively) showed no differences inthe considered hormones including DHEAS, DHEA, androstenedione, as well as cortisol and cortisone concentrations. SULT2A1 genotype also had no effect on the DHEA/DHEAS ratio. Sex-stratified analyses, as well as alternative use of the SULT2A1 SNP rs182420, yielded similar negative results. Genetic variants of SULT2A1 do not appear to have an effect on individual DHEA and DHEAS concentrations or the DHEA/DHEAS ratio as a marker of DHEA sulfonation capacity. © 2013 Society for Endocrinology.

Manukyan D.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Manukyan D.,University Medical Center Mainz | Muller-Calleja N.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Jackel S.,University Medical Center Mainz | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2016

Background: There is general consensus that the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is caused by antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) with antibodies against β2-glycoprotein-I being the most relevant. aPL that bind phospholipids in the absence of protein cofactors are generally considered pathogenetically irrelevant. We showed that cofactor-independent human monoclonal aPL isolated from APS patients induce proinflammatory and procoagulant cellular responses by activating endosomal NADPH-oxidase 2 (NOX2). Similar aPL were detected in all IgG fractions from APS patients analyzed. Objectives: We aimed to clarify if cofactor-independent aPL can be thrombogenic in vivo and, if so, whether these effects are mediated via activation of NOX2. Methods: Two cofactor-independent human monoclonal aPL, HL5B and RR7F, were tested in a mouse model of venous thrombosis. Genetically modified mice and in vitro assays were used to delineate the mechanisms underlying thrombus induction. Results: HL5B and RR7F dramatically accelerate thrombus formation in this mouse model. Thrombus formation depends on tissue factor activation. It cannot be induced in NOX2-deficient mice. Bone marrow chimeras of C57BL/6J mice reconstituted with NOX2-deficient bone marrow showed that leukocyte activation plays a major role in thrombus formation. Neither TLR4 signaling nor platelet activation by our aPL is required for venous thrombus formation. Conclusions: Cofactor-independent aPL can induce thrombosis in vivo. This effect is mainly mediated by leukocyte activation, which depends on the previously described signal transduction via endosomal NOX2. Because most APS patients have been shown to harbor aPL with similar activity, our data are of general relevance for the APS. © 2016 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Klotzsche-Von Ameln A.,TU Dresden | Klotzsche-Von Ameln A.,University Clinic Carl Gustav Carus | Prade I.,TU Dresden | Grosser M.,TU Dresden | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Solid tumor growth is intimately associated with angiogenesis, a process that is efficiently triggered by hypoxia. Therefore, oxygen-sensitive signaling pathways are thought to play a critical role in tumor angiogenesis and progression. Here, the function of prolyl hydroxylase-4(PHD4), a relative of the prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins 1-3 that promote the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF), was interrogated. To test the hypothesis that PHD4 might inhibit tumor angiogenesis, it was overexpressed in osteosarcoma cells, and unexpectedly, this manipulation led to increased tumor blood vessel density. However, the newly formed blood vessels were smaller than normal and appeared to be partially nonfunctional, as indicated by poor vessel perfusion. PHD4 overexpression in tumor cells stimulated the expression of TGF-α, which was necessary and sufficient to promote angiogenic sprouting of endothelial cells. On the other hand, PHD4 overexpression reduced HIF-2α protein levels, which in turn inhibited in vivo tumor growth. Combined, elevated PHD4 levels deregulate angiogenesis via increased TGF-α expression in vitro and in vivo. These data support the hypothesis that tumor growth can be uncoupled from vessel density and that the individual PHD family members exert distinct functions in tumors. Implications: PHD4 influences tumor growth and vascularization through discrete mechanisms and molecular pathways that likely have therapeutic potential. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.

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