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Domazetovska S.,Institute of Clinical Biochemistry
Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2016

Stress syndrome is usually caused by a mutation in the ryanodine receptor gene (ryr1) and it is widely studied in humans and swine populations. The protein product of this gene plays a crucial role in the regulation of calcium transport in muscle cells. A G>T mutation in the human ryr1 gene, which results in the replacement of a conserved arginine at position 614 where a leucine occurs at the same position as the previously identified Arg→Cys mutation reported in all cases of porcine stress syndrome (PSS). Porcine stress syndrome affects biochemical pathways in stress-susceptible individuals during a stress episode and some biochemical parameters that were used as markers for diagnostic purposes. Also, PSS has remarkable influence on the maternal characteristics of sows. This study dealt with different genotypes for PSS and its association with possible biochemical changes and maternal traits of sows. Seventy-three reproductive sows genotyped for PSS by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) were included in this survey. Sixty of them were stress-free (NN), 11 were heterozygous carriers (Nn) and two animals were homozygous (nn) for the 1843 (C>T) mutation. Significant differences in non stress induced animals with different PSS genotypes were found in the values of creatine phoshokinase (CPK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (AP) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Regarding the maternal traits, our study showed that stress susceptible animals (nn) have an increased number of stillborn piglets and a reduced number of newborn piglets compared with heterozygous and normal animals. © 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2016.

Edghill E.L.,Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science | Minton J.A.L.,Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science | Groves C.J.,University of Oxford | Flanagan S.E.,Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science | And 9 more authors.
Journal of the Pancreas | Year: 2010

Context: Approximately 39% of cases with permanent neonatal diabetes (PNDM) and about 11% with maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) have an unknown genetic aetiology. Many of the known genes causing MODY and PNDM were identified as being critical for beta cell function before their identification as a cause of monogenic diabetes. Objective: We used nominations from the EU beta cell consortium EURODIA project partners to guide gene candidacy. Subjects Seventeen cases with permanent neonatal diabetes and 8 cases with maturity onset diabetes of the young. Main outcome measures: The beta cell experts within the EURODIA consortium were asked to nominate 3 "gold", 3 "silver" and 4 "bronze" genes based on biological or genetic grounds. We sequenced twelve candidate genes from the list based on evidence for candidacy. Results: Sequencing ISL1, LMX1A, MAFA, NGN3, NKX2.2, NKX6.1, PAX4, PAX6, SOX2, SREBF1, SYT9 and UCP2 did not identify any pathogenic mutations. Conclusion: Further work is needed to identify novel causes of permanent neonatal diabetes and maturity onset diabetes of the young utilising genetic approaches as well as further candidate genes.

Posch A.,Bio Rad Laboratories GmbH | Franz T.,MPI for Biology of Ageing | Hartwig S.,Institute of Clinical Biochemistry | Knebel B.,Institute of Clinical Biochemistry | And 7 more authors.
Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) is one of the most powerful methods for studying global protein profiles. However, due to the multiple manual steps involved in gel based processing it is challenging to achieve the necessary overall reproducibility for a reliable comparative analysis, especially between different laboratories. To improve the 2-DE technique for quantitative analyses we have set up a robust 2-DE workflow, called 2D-ToGo, which utilizes latest innovations concerning instrumentation, consumables and protocols. Quantitative data analyses indicate the high reproducibility between replicate gels processed at a single site (intra-laboratory variation: CV 20%). The data-sets of the inter-laboratory comparison revealed similar results displaying a variation of CV 23%. The technical improvements given by our 2-DE workflow have a positive impact on process robustness and most importantly, reproducibility. Accordingly, many of the well-known challenges for resolving and quantitating up to thousands of different protein components in a given biological sample are minimized. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd.

Gemoll T.,University of Lu Beck | Gemoll T.,Karolinska Institutet | Lowe O.,University of Lu Beck | Lowe O.,Karolinska Institutet | And 9 more authors.
Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Context: Biological material reflecting the in vivo composition of markers provides a high potential for biomarker discovery. Objective: We compared the serum proteome following heat-and nitrogen-preservation, with and without subsequent storage at room temperature. Materials and methods: Serum samples were collected, treated and analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Protein spots were identified and confirmed by two mass spectrometry approaches (MALDI & ESI) and subjected to Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. Results: We revealed 24 differentially expressed proteins (p.05) between nitrogen and heat preservation, and 87 between nitrogen and heat preservation with subsequent storage for 120h at room-temperature. Mass spectrometry identified 25 polypeptides. Pathway analysis resulted in networks maintaining Cellular Assembly and Organization, Movement and Maintenance. Conclusion: Heat-stabilization does not substantially change the short-term proteome composition of serum compared with nitrogen treatment. However, heat-stabilization alone seems insufficient for long-term sample preservation for serum samples. We identified transthyretin and apolipoprotein A-IV as sample quality markers. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd.

PubMed | Hannover Medical School and Institute of Clinical Biochemistry
Type: | Journal: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE | Year: 2016

The differentiation capabilities of pluripotent stem cells such as embryonic stem cells (ESCs) allow a potential therapeutic application for cell replacement therapies. Terminally differentiated cell types could be used for the treatment of various degenerative diseases. In vitro differentiation of these cells towards tissues of the lung, liver and pancreas requires as a first step the generation of definitive endodermal cells. This step is rate-limiting for further differentiation towards terminally matured cell types such as insulin-producing beta cells, hepatocytes or other endoderm-derived cell types. Cells that are committed towards the endoderm lineage highly express a multitude of transcription factors such as FOXA2, SOX17, HNF1B, members of the GATA family, and the surface receptor CXCR4. However, differentiation protocols are rarely 100% efficient. Here, we describe a method for the purification of a CXCR4+ cell population after differentiation into the DE by using magnetic microbeads. This purification additionally removes cells of unwanted lineages. The gentle purification method is quick and reliable and might be used to improve downstream applications and differentiations.

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