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Corrales M.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology | Butz P.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology | Tauscher B.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology | Cabrejas M.M.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010

The food and agricultural products processing industries generate substantial quantities of phenolics-rich by-products, which could be valuable natural sources of antioxidants. Grape by-products for example have been the subject of this investigation and have proven to be effective sources of phenolic compounds and other antioxidants. Extracts from grape pomace coming from organic and conventional farming practices were characterised based on total phenol content (mmol GAE g-1 extract) and antioxidant capacity (mmol Trolox equ. g-1 extract) but only minor differences between organic and conventional farming practices were found. The antifungal effect of grape pomace extracts was also tested against foodrelated moulds. The growth of pathogen moulds such as Penicillium crysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma viride was inhibited by conventional grape pomace extracts, whereas the organic extracts showed markedly lower fungostatic capacity. Source


Trierweiler B.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology | Schirmer H.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology | Graf V.,Process 9 | Tauscher B.,Institute of Chemistry and Biology
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010

In the last few years more and more horseradish roots (Amoracia rusticana Gaert.) have been infected by the fungi Verticillium album-atrum or dahliae var. longisporum. Infection can be observed as a dark brown to black internal discoloration of the transport system of horseradish roots. Infected plants bring yield loss and poor quality of processed horseradish roots. Systemic fungicides are neither permitted nor successful. Physical treatments (thermal therapy) are to-date not in use. First experiments with hot water treatment (46°C, 10 min) of horseradish plantlets to reduce Verticillium disease were carried out by the authors in 2005. Hot water dipping of plantlets at 46°C for 10 min had no harmful influence on the development of horseradish plants. Temperature measurements inside the horseradish plantlets (different thickness) showed the desired internal temperature of 46°C after a treatment time of 2 min. Verticillium infected horseradish plantlets were hot water treated (46°C, 10 min) before planting in the field. After eight months of cultivation in the field horseradish roots were assessed for black discoloration caused by the fungus Verticillium sp. Three repetitions, each consisting of 30 horseradish roots of hot water treated and untreated control plantlets were cut horizontally to the roots and determined for discoloration. On average only 7.8% of horseradish roots from hot water treated plantlets showed a weak discoloration in comparison to 45.1% of control roots (no hot water treatment). Additional 6.6% of the control horseradish roots showed a strong development of cavities. These cavities could not be observed in horseradish roots of hot water treated plantlets. Source

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