Institute of Business Management
Karachi, Pakistan

The Institute of Business Management is a university and business school in Karachi, Pakistan. IoBM is composed of four colleges, the College of Business Management , the College of Economics and Social Development , the College of Computer Science and Information Systems and the College of Engineering science . Wikipedia.

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Flaten O.,Institute of Business Management
Small Ruminant Research | Year: 2017

Western livestock sectors have shifted towards fewer, larger farms, causing concerns about the appearance of the countryside, ecosystem services, and rural depopulation. This study empirically estimates factors likely to affect exit intentions in sheep farms. Data were collected from specialised sheep farms included in the Norwegian Farm Business Survey. Of the 59 responses, 44 operators believed the farm would be producing sheep in 10 years. A logistic regression model was used to determine the most decisive variables associated with an exit intention, where the interdependence of factors affecting profitability and, subsequently, exit intention were taken into account. This study found that farmers reporting the most positive views of the local farming community were less likely to plan an exit. Exit intentions were not significantly influenced by farming goals, location, off-farm income, or profitability. The primacy of non-economic, community-based factors as an engine to sustain farms, suggests that more attention need to be paid to social processes and relations in local communities. Farmer groups and policy-makers should consider how to encourage supportive local communities when designing policies to retain sheep farms. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Vespermann J.,Institute of Business Management | Wald A.,France Business School
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2011

From 2012 on, all CO2 emissions from flights departing from or arriving at airports within the European Union have to be offset. We analyze the economic and ecological impacts that are caused by an inclusion of the aviation industry into the proposed emissions trading scheme (ETS). Building on the now fixed system design we employ a simulation model to estimate the impacts of the scheme. Our results indicate that financial impacts are highly dependant on external settings, such as allowance prices and demand growth. We show that the financial burden on the aviation industry will be rather modest in the first years after the introduction of the system and therefore induce only low competition distortions. Likewise, emission reductions within air transportation will be comparably low. While aviation will induce a decline of emissions in other sectors, significant absolute reductions within air transportation can only be reached by a more restrictive system design. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Lee Y.-H.,Institute of Business Management
Journal of Convergence Information Technology | Year: 2012

In the leisure industry, there is no age limitation, and it has been extended vertically into the younger generation. The younger generations' involvement in the leisure industry has been the issue that can not be ignored. Due to leisure affairs usually happen while working; it still has different opinions on which is the better leisure participation for the younger generation. The paper is based on this issue, and uses the technical and vocational college students in eastern Taiwan as subjects to do the research. Method of field investigation was used and total of 500 valid questionnaires were returned. Through the 12 sports items, the current younger generations' leisure participation can be analyzed. For the math model, this paper mainly used the GM (0,N) in the grey system theory. However, the amount of data analyzed in this paper was enormous, so the traditional analysis software generally can not solve the problem. Hence, the Matlab toolbox is our own research and development tool to support a large numerical calculation in this paper. Finally, the results show good agreement of the actual situation, and it is hoped to be applied to related areas.

Linz M.,Institute of Business Management
Journal of Air Transport Management | Year: 2012

A Delphi panel of aviation experts is used to anticipate probable and wildcard scenarios on the future of aviation in 2025. According to the experts' estimations, the passenger, business aviation, and air cargo segments will be faced with 27 probable high-impact developments. These include long-haul growth primarily linked to emerging countries, a number of substitution threats, liberalization and deregulation, increasing industry vulnerability, finiteness of fossil fuels, and emissions trading. The emergence of low-cost cargo carriers and air cargo substitution by sea transportation were identified as potential surprises. Several wildcard scenarios were identified such as natural catastrophes, era of virtual communication, and home-producing " fabbing" society. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Blome C.,Catholic University of Louvain | Hollos D.,Institute of Business Management | Paulraj A.,University of Southern Denmark
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2014

This study adopts the opposing theoretical views of legitimacy - institutional and strategic - in evaluating firm performance and top management commitment as antecedents to green procurement and green supplier development. Additionally, the impact of green procurement and green supplier development on supplier performance is analysed. Using a sample of western European companies, we develop a structural equation model to test our hypotheses. We find that the buying firm's market performance positively relates to the adoption of green procurement. While financial performance has no effect on green procurement, top management commitment is found to be an important driver of both green procurement and green supplier development. Moreover, the relationship between green procurement and supplier performance is fully mediated by green supplier development. The paper addresses a research gap concerning firm-level antecedents for green procurement and green supplier development showing that both practices may impact supplier performance. Furthermore, it is shown that legitimacy concerns drive basic green procurement, whereas top management is decisive for advanced practices, such as green supplier development. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Blome C.,Catholic University of Louvain | Schoenherr T.,Michigan State University | Eckstein D.,Institute of Business Management
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2014

Supply chain flexibility has become an important ingredient to remain competitive in today's increasingly complex business environment. Within this context, drawing from the knowledge-based view of the firm, we investigate the influence of internal and external knowledge transfer activities on supply chain flexibility. In addition, taking a contingency perspective, we hypothesize about the moderating effects of product and supply complexity on the relationships between knowledge transfer and supply chain flexibility. We test our hypotheses with data collected from procurement and supply chain professionals in Germany. Pursuant to our expectations, we find a positive and significant influence of internal and external knowledge transfer on supply chain flexibility. We further confirm a negative moderating effect of supply complexity on the relationship between internal knowledge transfer and supply chain flexibility, and a negative moderating effect of product complexity on the relationship between external knowledge transfer and supply chain flexibility. However, contrary to our expectations, we find significant positive effects for the remaining two moderations, being indicative of the unique dynamics emanating from complexity, able to yield both negative and positive moderation effects contingent on the situation. Overall, these findings provide important insight into the value of knowledge transfer activities for supply chain flexibility, and especially into when knowledge transfer is most effective, drawing attention to influential complexity contingencies. Theoretical and practical contributions are discussed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Bhattacharya S.C.,Institute of Business Management
Energy | Year: 2015

Wood plays a key role in meeting energy demand in India, particularly in rural areas; its share in total energy consumption of the country is estimated to be about 18%. Traditionally wood is mostly used as fuel in household cooking; small quantities are also used in other applications such as restaurants, brick and tile manufacturing and agro-processing. The energy crisis of 1973 triggered interest in use of wood in modern applications, initially in gasifiers for pumping water and small-scale electricity generation in rural areas and later in power generation using steam turbines. Although installed capacity of biopower generation has been growing at an annual average rate of about 16% since December 2005, the sector appears to be facing uncertain future because of rising cost and lack of reliable supplies of wood. This paper presents a review of different aspects of wood energy in India and an assessment of wood energy potential in 2050 based on availability and productivity of different types of land for wood production; the potential of biopower capacity based on surplus wood after meeting demands for timber and fuelwood is estimated to be 180-260 GW. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Von Der Gracht H.A.,Institute of Business Management | Darkow I.-L.,Institute of Business Management
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2010

The logistics services industry will be significantly affected by future developments throughout the world. Therefore, developing future scenarios is an important basis for long-term strategy development. Nevertheless, research exposes that there is a lack of awareness among logistics researchers and practitioners about future scenarios. In this paper, we apply scenario planning and present the findings of an extensive Delphi-based scenario study on the future of the logistics services industry in the year 2025. The major contribution of our research is the development of probable and unforeseen scenarios of the future which may provide a valuable basis for strategy development in the logistics services industry. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Loureiro S.M.C.,Institute of Business Management
International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies | Year: 2013

This research examines the interrelationships of trust, brand awareness/associations, perceived quality and brand loyalty in building Internet banking brand equity. The model was based on data from customers using online banking (customers of an international bank) using the PLS technique. The results suggest that perceived quality and brand loyalty are more important to explain the Internet banking brand equity than brand awareness/associations and trust. Interestingly, trust contributes only indirectly, through perceived quality and brand awareness/association to Internet banking brand equity. Online perceived benefits impact positively on customers' trust and online perceived risks tend to be lower when trust increases.

Schaefers T.,Institute of Business Management
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2013

Recently, carsharing has entered a phase of commercial mainstreaming as carsharing providers and urban transportation planners aim at broadening the customer base. In this context, knowledge about the motives of carsharing usage is essential for further growth. Based on a qualitative means-end chain analysis this paper therefore explores usage motives, thus expanding the existing insights from analyses of usage behavior. In a series of laddering interviews with users of a US carsharing service, the underlying hierarchical motive structure is uncovered and four motivational patterns are identified: value-seeking, convenience, lifestyle, and environmental motives. Implications are drawn for applying these insights. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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