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Kajikawa M.,Hiroshima University | Nakashima A.,Hiroshima University | Fujimura N.,Chugoku Rosai Hospital | Maruhashi T.,Hiroshima University | And 14 more authors.
Diabetes Care | Year: 2015

RESULTS: Univariate regression analysis revealed that FMD correlated with age, BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, glucose, smoking pack-years, nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation, serum levels of AGEs and sRAGE, and ratio of AGEs to sRAGE. Multivariate analysis revealed that the ratio of AGEs to sRAGE remained an independent predictor of FMD, while serum level of AGEs alone or sRAGE alone was not associated with FMD.OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their specific receptor, the receptor for AGEs (RAGE), play an important role in atherosclerosis. Recently, a soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) has been identified in human serum. However, the role of sRAGE in cardiovascular disease is still controversial. There is no information on the association between simultaneous measurements of AGEs and sRAGE and vascular function. In this study, we evaluated the associations between serum levels of AGEs and sRAGE, ratio of AGEs to sRAGE, and vascular function.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured serum levels of AGEs and sRAGE and assessed vascular function by measurement of flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation in 110 subjects who underwent health examinations. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with vascular function.CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that sRAGE may have a counterregulatory mechanism that is activated to counteract the vasotoxic effect of the AGE-RAGE axis. The ratio of AGEs to sRAGE may be a new chemical biomarker of endothelial function. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association. Source


Ohta K.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Taki M.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Ogawa I.,Hiroshima University | Ono S.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | And 4 more authors.
Head and Face Medicine | Year: 2013

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that arises in subcutaneous tissue, with that in the oral cavity extremely rare. We present a case of malignant OFMT in the tongue. A 26-year-old male noticed a painless mass in the tongue, which was extracted at a general hospital. Four years later, the tumor recurred and was resected at our department. Histologically, the recurrent tumor was composed of the closely packed cells positive for vimentin and S-100 proliferating in a nodular fashion. It showed high cellularity and mitotic activity. In the primary tumor, some tumor cells were arranged in a diffuse or cord-like manner within an abundant fibromyxoid matrix, along with a small amount of metaplastic ossification, corresponding with the histopathological characteristic of OFMT. Accordingly, a diagnosis of malignant OFMT arising in typical OFMT was established. This is the first reported case of malignant OFMT in the tongue. Long-term follow-up is needed for confirmation of prognosis and biological behavior. © 2013 Ohta et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Kajiyama S.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Hamada H.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Kawamoto M.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2013

Diabetic neuropathic pain management is difficult even with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and narcotic analgesics such as morphine. Fluvoxamine, a class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), is widely used to treat depression. Its analgesic effects are also documented for diabetic neuropathic pain, but they are limited because it is administered as a single-dose. In this study, we examined the time course of the antiallodynic effect of fluvoxamine in a rat model of diabetic neuropathic pain, which was induced by a single intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin (75 mg/kg). In addition, the involvement of spinal serotonin (5-HT) receptors in long-term fluvoxamine treatment was studied by intrathecal administration of 5-HT receptor antagonists. In this study the development of mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed by measuring the hind paw withdrawal threshold using von Frey filaments. The results demonstrated that daily oral administration of fluvoxamine (10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) to diabetic rats from 3 to 8 weeks after streptozotocin administration resulted in a dose-dependent antiallodynic effect. The antiallodynic effect was sustained from 2 to 5 weeks after fluvoxamine administration. The antiallodynic effect of fluvoxamine in the diabetic rats was attenuated by WAY-100635 (a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist) intrathecally administered 1 week after the onset of daily administration of fluvoxamine, whereas no significant attenuation was seen when the antagonist was administered 3 and 5 weeks after fluvoxamine administration. The antiallodynic effect of fluvoxamine was also attenuated by ketanserin (a 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonist) and ondansetron (a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist) intrathecally administered 1 and 3 weeks after the onset of daily fluvoxamine administration. However, no significant attenuation was observed when the antagonist was administered 5 weeks after fluvoxamine administration. This study demonstrated that daily oral administration of fluvoxamine can afford a sustained antiallodynic effect against streptozotocin-induced neuropathic pain. Furthermore, there appears to be a time-dependent relevance of different types of 5-HT receptors (5-HT1A, 5-HT2A/2C, and 5-HT 3) to streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathic pain when treated with daily fluvoxamine. Source


Kajikawa M.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Noma K.,Hiroshima University | Maruhashi T.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Mikami S.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | And 10 more authors.
Hypertension | Year: 2014

Cardiovascular diseases are associated with chronic activation of Rho-associated kinase. Rho-associated kinase activity is significantly correlated with endothelial function and Framingham risk score. However, there is no information on the prognostic value of Rho-associated kinase activity. We evaluated Rho-associated kinase activity in peripheral leukocytes by Western blot analysis in 633 subjects who underwent health-screening examination at Hiroshima University Hospital. We assessed the associations between Rho-associated kinase activity and first major cardiovascular events (death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, and stroke), death from cardiovascular causes, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting), and hospitalization for heart failure. During a median period of 42.0 months (interquartile range, 24.4-56.6 months) of follow-up, 29 subjects died (10 from cardiovascular causes), 2 myocardial infarction, 20 revascularization, 15 stroke, and 17 hospitalization for heart failure. After adjustment for age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors, and other relevant variables, Rho-associated kinase activity remained a strong independent indicator of first major cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 2.19; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-3.70; P=0.002), death from cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio, 2.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-6.60; P=0.002), stroke (hazard ratio, 2.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.24-3.86; P=0.006), and revascularization (hazard ratio, 2.68; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-4.66; P<0.001). Leukocyte Rho-associated kinase activity may be a new biomarker of cardiovascular events. These findings suggest that inhibition of Rho-associated kinase activity may be a therapeutic target for prevention of cardiovascular events. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc. Source


Kajikawa M.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Maruhashi T.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Iwamoto Y.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | Iwamoto A.,Institute of Biomedical and Health science | And 8 more authors.
Circulation Journal | Year: 2014

Background: An ankle-brachial index (ABI) value of 0.91-0.99 is considered borderline and associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, there is no information on the relationship between borderline ABI and endothelial function. Methods and Results: We measured ABI and assessed vascular function by flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-induced vasodilation in 389 subjects who underwent health examinations. Subjects were divided into 3 groups according to ABI (normal group: 1.00-1.40, borderline group: 0.91-0.99, abnormal group: ≤0.90 or >1.40). FMD was significantly smaller in both the borderline and the abnormal group than in the normal group. There was no significant difference in the vascular responses to nitroglycerin between the normal and borderline groups. Vascular response to nitroglycerin was significantly higher in the normal group than in the abnormal group. Borderline and abnormal ABI values were significantly associated with an increased odds ratio of low tertile of FMD levels, using the normal ABI group as the reference. Multiple logistic regression analysis for FMD revealed that age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and borderline ABI independently remained associated with FMD. Conclusions: ABI of 0.91-0.99 is associated with endothelial dysfunction. ABI examination is a simple and costeffective method for obtaining the additional information on the initial step of atherosclerosis beyond the assessment of peripheral artery disease. Source

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